Keystone XL Pipeline Canceled — IER

The sponsor of the Keystone XL crude oil pipeline has canceled the project after Canadian officials failed to persuade President Joe Biden to reverse his cancellation of the presidential border crossing permit by executive order. Calgary-based TC Energy will work with government agencies “to ensure a safe termination of and exit from” the partially built…

Keystone XL Pipeline Canceled — IER

Trump Administration Accomplishments

Unprecedented Economic Boom

Before the China Virus invaded our shores, we built the world’s most prosperous economy.

  • America gained 7 million new jobs – more than three times government experts’ projections.
  • Middle-Class family income increased nearly $6,000 – more than five times the gains during the entire previous administration.
  • The unemployment rate reached 3.5 percent, the lowest in a half-century.
  • Achieved 40 months in a row with more job openings than job-hirings.
  • More Americans reported being employed than ever before – nearly 160 million.
  • Jobless claims hit a nearly 50-year low.
  • The number of people claiming unemployment insurance as a share of the population hit its lowest on record.
  • Incomes rose in every single metro area in the United States for the first time in nearly 3 decades.

Delivered a future of greater promise and opportunity for citizens of all backgrounds.

  • Unemployment rates for African Americans, Hispanic Americans, Asian Americans, Native Americans, veterans, individuals with disabilities, and those without a high school diploma all reached record lows.
  • Unemployment for women hit its lowest rate in nearly 70 years.
  • Lifted nearly 7 million people off of food stamps.
  • Poverty rates for African Americans and Hispanic Americans reached record lows.
  • Income inequality fell for two straight years, and by the largest amount in over a decade.
  • The bottom 50 percent of American households saw a 40 percent increase in net worth.
  • Wages rose fastest for low-income and blue collar workers – a 16 percent pay increase.
  • African American homeownership increased from 41.7 percent to 46.4 percent.

Brought jobs, factories, and industries back to the USA.

  • Created more than 1.2 million manufacturing and construction jobs.
  • Put in place policies to bring back supply chains from overseas.
  • Small business optimism broke a 35-year old record in 2018.

Hit record stock market numbers and record 401ks.

  • The DOW closed above 20,000 for the first time in 2017 and topped 30,000 in 2020.
  • The S&P 500 and NASDAQ have repeatedly notched record highs.

Rebuilding and investing in rural America.

  • Signed an Executive Order on Modernizing the Regulatory Framework for Agricultural Biotechnology Products, which is bringing innovative new technologies to market in American farming and agriculture.
  • Strengthened America’s rural economy by investing over $1.3 billion through the Agriculture Department’s ReConnect Program to bring high-speed broadband infrastructure to rural America.

Achieved a record-setting economic comeback by rejecting blanket lockdowns.

  • An October 2020 Gallup survey found 56 percent of Americans said they were better off during a pandemic than four years prior.
  • During the third quarter of 2020, the economy grew at a rate of 33.1 percent – the most rapid GDP growth ever recorded.
  • Since coronavirus lockdowns ended, the economy has added back over 12 million jobs, more than half the jobs lost.
  • Jobs have been recovered 23 times faster than the previous administration’s recovery.
  • Unemployment fell to 6.7 percent in December, from a pandemic peak of 14.7 percent in April – beating expectations of well over 10 percent unemployment through the end of 2020.
  • Under the previous administration, it took 49 months for the unemployment rate to fall from 10 percent to under 7 percent compared to just 3 months for the Trump Administration.
  • Since April, the Hispanic unemployment rate has fallen by 9.6 percent, Asian-American unemployment by 8.6 percent, and Black American unemployment by 6.8 percent.
  • 80 percent of small businesses are now open, up from just 53 percent in April.
  • Small business confidence hit a new high.
  • Homebuilder confidence reached an all-time high, and home sales hit their highest reading since December 2006.
  • Manufacturing optimism nearly doubled.
  • Household net worth rose $7.4 trillion in Q2 2020 to $112 trillion, an all-time high.
  • Home prices hit an all-time record high.
  • The United States rejected crippling lockdowns that crush the economy and inflict countless public health harms and instead safely reopened its economy.
  • Business confidence is higher in America than in any other G7 or European Union country.
  • Stabilized America’s financial markets with the establishment of a number of Treasury Department supported facilities at the Federal Reserve.

Tax Relief for the Middle Class

Passed $3.2 trillion in historic tax relief and reformed the tax code.

  • Signed the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act – the largest tax reform package in history.
  • More than 6 million American workers received wage increases, bonuses, and increased benefits thanks to the tax cuts.
  • A typical family of four earning $75,000 received an income tax cut of more than $2,000 – slashing their tax bill in half.
  • Doubled the standard deduction – making the first $24,000 earned by a married couple completely tax-free.
  • Doubled the child tax credit.
  • Virtually eliminated the unfair Estate Tax, or Death Tax.
  • Cut the business tax rate from 35 percent – the highest in the developed world – all the way down to 21 percent.
  • Small businesses can now deduct 20 percent of their business income.
  • Businesses can now deduct 100 percent of the cost of their capital investments in the year the investment is made.
  • Since the passage of tax cuts, the share of total wealth held by the bottom half of households has increased, while the share held by the top 1 percent has decreased.
  • Over 400 companies have announced bonuses, wage increases, new hires, or new investments in the United States.
  • Over $1.5 trillion was repatriated into the United States from overseas.
  • Lower investment cost and higher capital returns led to faster growth in the middle class, real wages, and international competitiveness.

Jobs and investments are pouring into Opportunity Zones.

  • Created nearly 9,000 Opportunity Zones where capital gains on long-term investments are taxed at zero.
  • Opportunity Zone designations have increased property values within them by 1.1 percent, creating an estimated $11 billion in wealth for the nearly half of Opportunity Zone residents who own their own home.
  • Opportunity Zones have attracted $75 billion in funds and driven $52 billion of new investment in economically distressed communities, creating at least 500,000 new jobs.
  • Approximately 1 million Americans will be lifted from poverty as a result of these new investments.
  • Private equity investments into businesses in Opportunity Zones were nearly 30 percent higher than investments into businesses in similar areas that were not designated Opportunity Zones.

Massive Deregulation

Ended the regulatory assault on American Businesses and Workers.

  • Instead of 2-for-1, we eliminated 8 old regulations for every 1 new regulation adopted.
  • Provided the average American household an extra $3,100 every year.
  • Reduced the direct cost of regulatory compliance by $50 billion, and will reduce costs by an additional $50 billion in FY 2020 alone.
  • Removed nearly 25,000 pages from the Federal Register – more than any other president. The previous administration added over 16,000 pages.
  • Established the Governors’ Initiative on Regulatory Innovation to reduce outdated regulations at the state, local, and tribal levels.
  • Signed an executive order to make it easier for businesses to offer retirement plans.
  • Signed two executive orders to increase transparency in Federal agencies and protect Americans and their small businesses from administrative abuse.
  • Modernized the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) for the first time in over 40 years.
  • Reduced approval times for major infrastructure projects from 10 or more years down to 2 years or less.
  • Helped community banks by signing legislation that rolled back costly provisions of Dodd-Frank.
  • Established the White House Council on Eliminating Regulatory Barriers to Affordable Housing to bring down housing costs.
  • Removed regulations that threatened the development of a strong and stable internet.
  • Eased and simplified restrictions on rocket launches, helping to spur commercial investment in space projects.
  • Published a whole-of-government strategy focused on ensuring American leadership in automated vehicle technology.
  • Streamlined energy efficiency regulations for American families and businesses, including preserving affordable lightbulbs, enhancing the utility of showerheads, and enabling greater time savings with dishwashers.
  • Removed unnecessary regulations that restrict the seafood industry and impede job creation.
  • Modernized the Department of Agriculture’s biotechnology regulations to put America in the lead to develop new technologies.
  • Took action to suspend regulations that would have slowed our response to COVID-19, including lifting restrictions on manufacturers to more quickly produce ventilators.

Successfully rolled back burdensome regulatory overreach.

  • Rescinded the previous administration’s Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing (AFFH) rule, which would have abolished zoning for single-family housing to build low-income, federally subsidized apartments.
  • Issued a final rule on the Fair Housing Act’s disparate impact standard.
  • Eliminated the Waters of the United States Rule and replaced it with the Navigable Waters Protection Rule, providing relief and certainty for farmers and property owners.
  • Repealed the previous administration’s costly fuel economy regulations by finalizing the Safer Affordable Fuel Efficient (SAFE) Vehicles rule, which will make cars more affordable, and lower the price of new vehicles by an estimated $2,200.

Americans now have more money in their pockets.

  • Deregulation had an especially beneficial impact on low-income Americans who pay a much higher share of their incomes for overregulation.
  • Cut red tape in the healthcare industry, providing Americans with more affordable healthcare and saving Americans nearly 10 percent on prescription drugs.
  • Deregulatory efforts yielded savings to the medical community an estimated $6.6 billion – with a reduction of 42 million hours of regulatory compliance work through 2021.
  • Removed government barriers to personal freedom and consumer choice in healthcare.
  • Once fully in effect, 20 major deregulatory actions undertaken by the Trump Administration are expected to save American consumers and businesses over $220 billion per year.
  • Signed 16 pieces of deregulatory legislation that will result in a $40 billion increase in annual real incomes.

Fair and Reciprocal Trade

Secured historic trade deals to defend American workers.

  • Immediately withdrew from the job-killing Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP).
  • Ended the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), and replaced it with the brand new United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA).
  • The USMCA contains powerful new protections for American manufacturers, auto-makers, farmers, dairy producers, and workers.
  • The USMCA is expected to generate over $68 billion in economic activity and potentially create over 550,000 new jobs over ten years.
  • Signed an executive order making it government policy to Buy American and Hire American, and took action to stop the outsourcing of jobs overseas.
  • Negotiated with Japan to slash tariffs and open its market to $7 billion in American agricultural products and ended its ban on potatoes and lamb.
  • Over 90 percent of American agricultural exports to Japan now receive preferential treatment, and most are duty-free.
  • Negotiated another deal with Japan to boost $40 billion worth of digital trade.
  • Renegotiated the United States-Korea Free Trade Agreement, doubling the cap on imports of American vehicles and extending the American light truck tariff.
  • Reached a written, fully-enforceable Phase One trade agreement with China on confronting pirated and counterfeit goods, and the protection of American ideas, trade secrets, patents, and trademarks.
  • China agreed to purchase an additional $200 billion worth of United States exports and opened market access for over 4,000 American facilities to exports while all tariffs remained in effect.
  • Achieved a mutual agreement with the European Union (EU) that addresses unfair trade practices and increases duty-free exports by 180 percent to $420 million.
  • Secured a pledge from the EU to eliminate tariffs on American lobster – the first United States-European Union negotiated tariff reduction in over 20 years.
  • Scored a historic victory by overhauling the Universal Postal Union, whose outdated policies were undermining American workers and interests.
  • Engaged extensively with trade partners like the EU and Japan to advance reforms to the World Trade Organization (WTO).
  • Issued a first-ever comprehensive report on the WTO Appellate Body’s failures to comply with WTO rules and interpret WTO agreements as written.
  • Blocked nominees to the WTO’s Appellate Body until WTO Members recognize and address longstanding issues with Appellate Body activism.
  • Submitted 5 papers to the WTO Committee on Agriculture to improve Members’ understanding of how trade policies are implemented, highlight areas for improved transparency, and encourage members to maintain up-to-date notifications on market access and domestic support.

Took strong actions to confront unfair trade practices and put America First.

  • Imposed tariffs on hundreds of billions worth of Chinese goods to protect American jobs and stop China’s abuses under Section 232 of the Trade Expansion Act of 1962 and Section 301 of the Trade Act of 1974.
  • Directed an all-of-government effort to halt and punish efforts by the Communist Party of China to steal and profit from American innovations and intellectual property.
  • Imposed tariffs on foreign aluminum and foreign steel to protect our vital industries and support our national security.
  • Approved tariffs on $1.8 billion in imports of washing machines and $8.5 billion in imports of solar panels.
  • Blocked illegal timber imports from Peru.
  • Took action against France for its digital services tax that unfairly targets American technology companies.
  • Launched investigations into digital services taxes that have been proposed or adopted by 10 other countries.

Historic support for American farmers.

  • Successfully negotiated more than 50 agreements with countries around the world to increase foreign market access and boost exports of American agriculture products, supporting more than 1 million American jobs.
  • Authorized $28 billion in aid for farmers who have been subjected to unfair trade practices – fully funded by the tariffs paid by China.
  • China lifted its ban on poultry, opened its market to beef, and agreed to purchase at least $80 billion of American agricultural products in the next two years.
  • The European Union agreed to increase beef imports by 180 percent and opened up its market to more imports of soybeans.
  • South Korea lifted its ban on American poultry and eggs, and agreed to provide market access for record exports of American rice.
  • Argentina lifted its ban on American pork.
  • Brazil agreed to increase wheat imports by $180 million a year and raised its quotas for purchases of United States ethanol.
  • Guatemala and Tunisia opened up their markets to American eggs.
  • Won tariff exemptions in Ecuador for wheat and soybeans.
  • Suspended $817 million in trade preferences for Thailand under the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) program due to its failure to adequately provide reasonable market access for American pork products.
  • The amount of food stamps redeemed at farmers markets increased from $1.4 million in May 2020 to $1.75 million in September 2020 – a 50 percent increase over last year.
  • Rapidly deployed the Coronavirus Food Assistance Program, which provided $30 billion in support to farmers and ranchers facing decreased prices and market disruption when COVID-19 impacted the food supply chain.
  • Authorized more than $6 billion for the Farmers to Families Food Box program, which delivered over 128 million boxes of locally sourced, produce, meat, and dairy products to charity and faith-based organizations nationwide.
  • Delegated authorities via the Defense Production Act to protect breaks in the American food supply chain as a result of COVID-19.

American Energy Independence

Unleashed America’s oil and natural gas potential.

  • For the first time in nearly 70 years, the United States has become a net energy exporter.
  • The United States is now the number one producer of oil and natural gas in the world.
  • Natural gas production reached a record-high of 34.9 quads in 2019, following record high production in 2018 and in 2017.
  • The United States has been a net natural gas exporter for three consecutive years and has an export capacity of nearly 10 billion cubic feet per day.
  • Withdrew from the unfair, one-sided Paris Climate Agreement.
  • Canceled the previous administration’s Clean Power Plan, and replaced it with the new Affordable Clean Energy rule.
  • Approved the Keystone XL and Dakota Access pipelines.
  • Opened up the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) in Alaska to oil and gas leasing.
  • Repealed the last administration’s Federal Coal Leasing Moratorium, which prohibited coal leasing on Federal lands.
  • Reformed permitting rules to eliminate unnecessary bureaucracy and speed approval for mines.
  • Fixed the New Source Review permitting program, which punished companies for upgrading or repairing coal power plants.
  • Fixed the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) steam electric and coal ash rules.
  • The average American family saved $2,500 a year in lower electric bills and lower prices at the gas pump.
  • Signed legislation repealing the harmful Stream Protection Rule.
  • Reduced the time to approve drilling permits on public lands by half, increasing permit applications to drill on public lands by 300 percent.
  • Expedited approval of the NuStar’s New Burgos pipeline to export American gasoline to Mexico.
  • Streamlined Liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminal permitting and allowed long-term LNG export authorizations to be extended through 2050.
  • The United States is now among the top three LNG exporters in the world.
  • Increased LNG exports five-fold since January 2017, reaching an all-time high in January 2020.
  • LNG exports are expected to reduce the American trade deficit by over $10 billion.
  • Granted more than 20 new long-term approvals for LNG exports to non-free trade agreement countries.
  • The development of natural gas and LNG infrastructure in the United States is providing tens of thousands of jobs, and has led to the investment of tens of billions of dollars in infrastructure.
  • There are now 6 LNG export facilities operating in the United States, with 2 additional export projects under construction.
  • The amount of nuclear energy production in 2019 was the highest on record, through a combination of increased capacity from power plant upgrades and shorter refueling and maintenance cycles.
  • Prevented Russian energy coercion across Europe through various lines of effort, including the Partnership for Transatlantic Energy Cooperation, civil nuclear deals with Romania and Poland, and opposition to Nord Stream 2 pipeline.
  • Issued the Presidential Permit for the A2A railroad between Canada and Alaska, providing energy resources to emerging markets.

Increased access to our country’s abundant natural resources in order to achieve energy independence.

  • Renewable energy production and consumption both reached record highs in 2019.
  • Enacted policies that helped double the amount of electricity generated by solar and helped increase the amount of wind generation by 32 percent from 2016 through 2019.
  • Accelerated construction of energy infrastructure to ensure American energy producers can deliver their products to the market.
  • Cut red tape holding back the construction of new energy infrastructure.
  • Authorized ethanol producers to sell E15 year-round and allowed higher-ethanol gasoline to be distributed from existing pumps at filling stations.
  • Ensured greater transparency and certainty in the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) program.
  • Negotiated leasing capacity in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve to Australia, providing American taxpayers a return on this infrastructure investment.
  • Signed an executive order directing Federal agencies to work together to diminish the capability of foreign adversaries to target our critical electric infrastructure.
  • Reformed Section 401 of the Clean Water Act regulation to allow for the curation of interstate infrastructure.
  • Resolved the OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) oil crisis during COVID-19 by getting OPEC, Russia, and others to cut nearly 10 million barrels of production a day, stabilizing world oil prices.
  • Directed the Department of Energy to use the Strategic Petroleum Reserve to mitigate market volatility caused by COVID-19.

Investing in America’s Workers and Families

Affordable and high-quality Child Care for American workers and their families.

  • Doubled the Child Tax Credit from $1,000 to $2,000 per child and expanded the eligibility for receiving the credit.
  • Nearly 40 million families benefitted from the child tax credit (CTC), receiving an average benefit of $2,200 – totaling credits of approximately $88 billion.
  • Signed the largest-ever increase in Child Care and Development Block Grants – expanding access to quality, affordable child care for more than 800,000 low-income families.
  • Secured an additional $3.5 billion in the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act to help families and first responders with child care needs.
  • Created the first-ever paid family leave tax credit for employees earning $72,000 or less.
  • Signed into law 12-weeks of paid parental leave for Federal workers.
  • Signed into law a provision that enables new parents to withdraw up to $5,000 from their retirement accounts without penalty when they give birth to or adopt a child.

Advanced apprenticeship career pathways to good-paying jobs.

  • Expanded apprenticeships to more than 850,000 and established the new Industry-Recognized Apprenticeship programs in new and emerging fields.
  • Established the National Council for the American Worker and the American Workforce Policy Advisory Board.
  • Over 460 companies have signed the Pledge to America’s Workers, committing to provide more than 16 million job and training opportunities.
  • Signed an executive order that directs the Federal government to replace outdated degree-based hiring with skills-based hiring.

Advanced women’s economic empowerment.

  • Included women’s empowerment for the first time in the President’s 2017 National Security Strategy.
  • Signed into law key pieces of legislation, including the Women, Peace, and Security Act and the Women Entrepreneurship and Economic Empowerment Act.
  • Launched the Women’s Global Development and Prosperity (W-GDP) Initiative – the first-ever whole-of-government approach to women’s economic empowerment that has reached 24 million women worldwide.
  • Established an innovative new W-GDP Fund at USAID.
  • Launched the Women Entrepreneurs Finance Initiative (We-Fi) with 13 other nations.
  • Announced a $50 million donation on behalf of the United States to We-Fi providing more capital to women-owned businesses around the world.
  • Released the first-ever Strategy on Women, Peace, and Security, which focused on increasing women’s participation to prevent and resolve conflicts.
  • Launched the W-GDP 2x Global Women’s Initiative with the Development Finance Corporation, which has mobilized more than $3 billion in private sector investments over three years.

Ensured American leadership in technology and innovation.

  • First administration to name artificial intelligence, quantum information science, and 5G communications as national research and development priorities.
  • Launched the American Broadband Initiative to promote the rapid deployment of broadband internet across rural America.
  • Made 100 megahertz of crucial mid-band spectrum available for commercial operations, a key factor to driving widespread 5G access across rural America.
  • Launched the American AI Initiative to ensure American leadership in artificial intelligence (AI), and established the National AI Initiative Office at the White House.
  • Established the first-ever principles for Federal agency adoption of AI to improve services for the American people.
  • Signed the National Quantum Initiative Act establishing the National Quantum Coordination Office at the White House to drive breakthroughs in quantum information science.
  • Signed the Secure 5G and Beyond Act to ensure America leads the world in 5G.
  • Launched a groundbreaking program to test safe and innovative commercial drone operations nationwide.
  • Issued new rulemaking to accelerate the return of American civil supersonic aviation.
  • Committed to doubling investments in AI and quantum information science (QIS) research and development.
  • Announced the establishment of $1 billion AI and quantum research institutes across America.
  • Established the largest dual-use 5G test sites in the world to advance 5G commercial and military innovation.
  • Signed landmark Prague Principles with America’s allies to advance the deployment of secure 5G telecommunications networks.
  • Signed first-ever bilateral AI cooperation agreement with the United Kingdom.
  • Built collation among allies to ban Chinese Telecom Company Huawei from their 5G infrastructure.

Preserved American jobs for American workers and rejected the importation of cheap foreign labor.

  • Pressured the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) to reverse their decision to lay off over 200 American workers and replace them with cheaper foreign workers.
  • Removed the TVA Chairman of the Board and a TVA Board Member.

Life-Saving Response to the China Virus

Restricted travel to the United States from infected regions of the world.

  • Suspended all travel from China, saving thousands of lives.
  • Required all American citizens returning home from designated outbreak countries to return through designated airports with enhanced screening measures, and to undergo a self-quarantine.
  • Announced further travel restrictions on Iran, the Schengen Area of Europe, the United Kingdom, Ireland, and Brazil.
  • Issued travel advisory warnings recommending that American citizens avoid all international travel.
  • Reached bilateral agreements with Mexico and Canada to suspend non-essential travel and expeditiously return illegal aliens.
  • Repatriated over 100,000 American citizens stranded abroad on more than 1,140 flights from 136 countries and territories.
  • Safely transported, evacuated, treated, and returned home trapped passengers on cruise ships.
  • Took action to authorize visa sanctions on foreign governments who impede our efforts to protect American citizens by refusing or unreasonably delaying the return of their own citizens, subjects, or residents from the United States.

Acted early to combat the China Virus in the United States.

  • Established the White House Coronavirus Task Force, with leading experts on infectious diseases, to manage the Administration’s efforts to mitigate the spread of COVID-19 and to keep workplaces safe.
  • Pledged in the State of the Union address to “take all necessary steps to safeguard our citizens from the Virus,” while the Democrats’ response made not a single mention of COVID-19 or even the threat of China.
  • Declared COVID-19 a National Emergency under the Stafford Act.
  • Established the 24/7 FEMA National Response Coordination Center.
  • Released guidance recommending containment measures critical to slowing the spread of the Virus, decompressing peak burden on hospitals and infrastructure, and diminishing health impacts.
  • Implemented strong community mitigation strategies to sharply reduce the number of lives lost in the United States down from experts’ projection of up to 2.2 million deaths in the United States without mitigation.
  • Halted American funding to the World Health Organization to counter its egregious bias towards China that jeopardized the safety of Americans.
  • Announced plans for withdrawal from the World Health Organization and redirected contribution funds to help meet global public health needs.
  • Called on the United Nations to hold China accountable for their handling of the virus, including refusing to be transparent and failing to contain the virus before it spread.

Re-purposed domestic manufacturing facilities to ensure frontline workers had critical supplies.

  • Distributed billions of pieces of Personal Protective Equipment, including gloves, masks, gowns, and face shields.
  • Invoked the Defense Production Act over 100 times to accelerate the development and manufacturing of essential material in the USA.
  • Made historic investments of more than $3 billion into the industrial base.
  • Contracted with companies such as Ford, General Motors, Philips, and General Electric to produce ventilators.
  • Contracted with Honeywell, 3M, O&M Halyard, Moldex, and Lydall to increase our Nation’s production of N-95 masks.
  • The Army Corps of Engineers built 11,000 beds, distributed 10,000 ventilators, and surged personnel to hospitals.
  • Converted the Javits Center in New York into a 3,000-bed hospital, and opened medical facilities in Seattle and New Orleans.
  • Dispatched the USNS Comfort to New York City, and the USNS Mercy to Los Angeles.
  • Deployed thousands of FEMA employees, National Guard members, and military forces to help in the response.
  • Provided support to states facing new emergences of the virus, including surging testing sites, deploying medical personnel, and advising on mitigation strategies.
  • Announced Federal support to governors for use of the National Guard with 100 percent cost-share.
  • Established the Supply Chain Task Force as a “control tower” to strategically allocate high-demand medical supplies and PPE to areas of greatest need.
  • Requested critical data elements from states about the status of hospital capacity, ventilators, and PPE.
  • Executed nearly 250 flights through Project Air Bridge to transport hundreds of millions of surgical masks, N95 respirators, gloves, and gowns from around the world to hospitals and facilities throughout the United States.
  • Signed an executive order invoking the Defense Production Act to ensure that Americans have a reliable supply of products like beef, pork, and poultry.
  • Stabilized the food supply chain restoring the Nation’s protein processing capacity through a collaborative approach with Federal, state, and local officials and industry partners.
  • The continued movement of food and other critical items of daily life distributed to stores and to American homes went unaffected.

Replenished the depleted Strategic National Stockpile.

  • Increased the number of ventilators nearly ten-fold to more than 153,000.
  • Despite the grim projections from the media and governors, no American who has needed a ventilator has been denied a ventilator.
  • Increased the number of N95 masks fourteen-fold to more than 176 million.
  • Issued an executive order ensuring critical medical supplies are produced in the United States.

Created the largest, most advanced, and most innovative testing system in the world.

  • Built the world’s leading testing system from scratch, conducting over 200 million tests – more than all of the European Union combined.
  • Engaged more than 400 test developers to increase testing capacity from less than 100 tests per day to more than 2 million tests per day.
  • Slashed red tape and approved Emergency Use Authorizations for more than 300 different tests, including 235 molecular tests, 63 antibody tests, and 11 antigen tests.
  • Delivered state-of-the-art testing devices and millions of tests to every certified nursing home in the country.
  • Announced more flexibility to Medicare Advantage and Part D plans to waive cost-sharing for tests.
  • Over 2,000 retail pharmacy stores, including CVS, Walmart, and Walgreens, are providing testing using new regulatory and reimbursement options.
  • Deployed tens of millions of tests to nursing homes, assisted living facilities, historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs), tribes, disaster relief operations, Home Health/Hospice organizations, and the Veterans Health Administration.
  • Began shipping 150 million BinaxNOW rapid tests to states, long-term care facilities, the IHS, HBCUs, and other key partners.

Pioneered groundbreaking treatments and therapies that reduced the mortality rate by 85 percent, saving over 2 million lives.

  • The United States has among the lowest case fatality rates in the entire world.
  • The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) launched the Coronavirus Treatment Acceleration Program to expedite the regulatory review process for therapeutics in clinical trials, accelerate the development and publication of industry guidance on developing treatments, and utilize regulatory flexibility to help facilitate the scaling-up of manufacturing capacity.
  • More than 370 therapies are in clinical trials and another 560 are in the planning stages.
  • Announced $450 million in available funds to support the manufacturing of Regeneron’s antibody cocktail.
  • Shipped tens of thousands of doses of the Regeneron drug.
  • Authorized an Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) for convalescent plasma.
  • Treated around 100,000 patients with convalescent plasma, which may reduce mortality by 50 percent.
  • Provided $48 million to fund the Mayo Clinic study that tested the efficacy of convalescent plasma for patients with COVID-19.
  • Made an agreement to support the large-scale manufacturing of AstraZeneca’s cocktail of two monoclonal antibodies.
  • Approved Remdesivir as the first COVID-19 treatment, which could reduce hospitalization time by nearly a third.
  • Secured more than 90 percent of the world’s supply of Remdesivir, enough to treat over 850,000 high-risk patients.
  • Granted an EUA to Eli Lilly for its anti-body treatments.
  • Finalized an agreement with Eli Lilly to purchase the first doses of the company’s investigational antibody therapeutic.
  • Provided up to $270 million to the American Red Cross and America’s Blood Centers to support the collection of up to 360,000 units of plasma.
  • Launched a nationwide campaign to ask patients who have recovered from COVID-19 to donate plasma.
  • Announced Phase 3 clinical trials for varying types of blood thinners to treat adults diagnosed with COVID-19.
  • Issued an EUA for the monoclonal antibody therapy bamlanivimab.
  • FDA issued an EUA for casirivimab and imdevimab to be administered together.
  • Launched the COVID-19 High Performance Computing Consortium with private sector and academic leaders unleashing America’s supercomputers to accelerate coronavirus research.

Brought the full power of American medicine and government to produce a safe and effective vaccine in record time.

  • Launched Operation Warp Speed to initiate an unprecedented drive to develop and make available an effective vaccine by January 2021.
  • Pfizer and Moderna developed two vaccines in just nine months, five times faster than the fastest prior vaccine development in American history.
  • Pfizer and Moderna’s vaccines are approximately 95 effective – far exceeding all expectations.
  • AstraZeneca and Johnson & Johnson also both have promising candidates in the final stage of clinical trials.
  • The vaccines will be administered within 24 hours of FDA-approval.
  • Made millions of vaccine doses available before the end of 2020, with hundreds of millions more to quickly follow.
  • FedEx and UPS will ship doses from warehouses directly to local pharmacies, hospitals, and healthcare providers.
  • Finalized a partnership with CVS and Walgreens to deliver vaccines directly to residents of nursing homes and long-term care facilities as soon as a state requests it, at no cost to America’s seniors.
  • Signed an executive order to ensure that the United States government prioritizes getting the vaccine to American citizens before sending it to other nations.
  • Provided approximately $13 billion to accelerate vaccine development and to manufacture all of the top candidates in advance.
  • Provided critical investments of $4.1 billion to Moderna to support the development, manufacturing, and distribution of their vaccines.
  • Moderna announced its vaccine is 95 percent effective and is pending FDA approval.
  • Provided Pfizer up to $1.95 billion to support the mass-manufacturing and nationwide distribution of their vaccine candidate.
  • Pfizer announced its vaccine is 95 percent effective and is pending FDA approval.
  • Provided approximately $1 billion to support the manufacturing and distribution of Johnson & Johnson’s vaccine candidate.
  • Johnson & Johnson’s vaccine candidate reached the final stage of clinical trials.
  • Made up to $1.2 billion available to support AstraZeneca’s vaccine candidate.
  • AstraZeneca’s vaccine candidate reached the final stage of clinical trials.
  • Made an agreement to support the large-scale manufacturing of Novavax’s vaccine candidate with 100 million doses expected.
  • Partnered with Sanofi and GSK to support large-scale manufacturing of a COVID-19 investigational vaccine.
  • Awarded $200 million in funding to support vaccine preparedness and plans for the immediate distribution and administration of vaccines.
  • Provided $31 million to Cytvia for vaccine-related consumable products.
  • Under the PREP Act, issued guidance authorizing qualified pharmacy technicians to administer vaccines.
  • Announced that McKesson Corporation will produce store, and distribute vaccine ancillary supply kits on behalf of the Strategic National Stockpile to help healthcare workers who will administer vaccines.
  • Announced partnership with large-chain, independent, and regional pharmacies to deliver vaccines.

Prioritized resources for the most vulnerable Americans, including nursing home residents.

  • Quickly established guidelines for nursing homes and expanded telehealth opportunities to protect vulnerable seniors.
  • Increased surveillance, oversight, and transparency of all 15,417 Medicare and Medicaid nursing homes by requiring them to report cases of COVID-19 to all residents, their families, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
  • Required that all nursing homes test staff regularly.
  • Launched an unprecedented national nursing home training curriculum to equip nursing home staff with the knowledge they need to stop the spread of COVID-19.
  • Delivered $81 million for increased inspections and funded 35,000 members of the Nation Guard to deliver critical supplies to every Medicare-certified nursing homes.
  • Deployed Federal Task Force Strike Teams to provide onsite technical assistance and education to nursing homes experiencing outbreaks.
  • Distributed tens of billions of dollars in Provider Relief Funds to protect nursing homes, long-term care facilities, safety-net hospitals, rural hospitals, and communities hardest hit by the virus.
  • Released 1.5 million N95 respirators from the Strategic National Stockpile for distribution to over 3,000 nursing home facilities.
  • Directed the White House Opportunity and Revitalization Council to refocus on underserved communities impacted by the coronavirus.
  • Required that testing results reported include data on race, gender, ethnicity, and ZIP code, to ensure that resources were directed to communities disproportionately harmed by the virus.
  • Ensured testing was offered at 95 percent of Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHC), which serve over 29 million patients in 12,000 communities across the Nation.
  • Invested an unprecedented $8 billion in tribal communities.
  • Maintained safe access for Veterans to VA healthcare throughout the COVID-19 Pandemic and supported non-VA hospital systems and private and state-run nursing homes with VA clinical teams.
  • Signed legislation ensuring no reduction of VA education benefits under the GI Bill for online distance learning.

Supported Americans as they safely return to school and work.

  • Issued the Guidelines for Opening Up America Again, a detailed blueprint to help governors as they began reopening the country. Focused on protecting the most vulnerable and mitigating the risk of any resurgence, while restarting the economy and allowing Americans to safely return to their jobs.
  • Helped Americans return to work by providing extensive guidance on workplace-safety measures to protect against COVID-19, and investigating over 10,000 coronavirus-related complaints and referrals.
  • Provided over $31 billion to support elementary and secondary schools.
  • Distributed 125 million face masks to school districts.
  • Provided comprehensive guidelines to schools on how to protect and identify high-risk individuals, prevent the spread of COVID-19, and conduct safe in-person teaching.
  • Brought back the safe return of college athletics, including Big Ten and Pac-12 football.

Rescued the American economy with nearly $3.4 trillion in relief, the largest financial aid package in history.

  • Secured an initial $8.3 billion Coronavirus Preparedness and Response Act, supporting the development of treatments and vaccines, and to procure critical medical supplies and equipment.
  • Signed the $100 billion Families First Coronavirus Relief Act, guaranteeing free coronavirus testing, emergency paid sick leave and family leave, Medicaid funding, and food assistance.
  • Signed the $2.3 trillion Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act, providing unprecedented and immediate relief to American families, workers, and businesses.
  • Signed additional legislation providing nearly $900 billion in support for coronavirus emergency response and relief, including critically needed funds to continue the Paycheck Protection Program.
  • Signed the Paycheck Protection Program and Healthcare Enhancement Act, adding an additional $310 billion to replenish the program.
  • Delivered approximately 160 million relief payments to hardworking Americans.
  • Through the Paycheck Protection Program, approved over $525 billion in forgivable loans to more than 5.2 million small businesses, supporting more than 51 million American jobs.
  • The Treasury Department approved the establishment of the Money Market Mutual Fund Liquidity Facility to provide liquidity to the financial system.
  • The Treasury Department, working with the Federal Reserve, was able to leverage approximately $4 trillion in emergency lending facilities.
  • Signed an executive order extending expanded unemployment benefits.
  • Signed an executive order to temporarily suspend student loan payments, evictions, and collection of payroll taxes.
  • Small Business Administration expanded access to emergency economic assistance for small businesses, faith-based, and religious entities.
  • Protected jobs for American workers impacted by COVID-19 by temporarily suspending several job-related nonimmigrant visas, including H-1B’s, H-2B’s without a nexus to the food-supply chain, certain H-4’s, as well as L’s and certain J’s.

Great Healthcare for Americans

Empowered American patients by greatly expanding healthcare choice, transparency, and affordability.

  • Eliminated the Obamacare individual mandate – a financial relief to low and middle-income households that made up nearly 80 percent of the families who paid the penalty for not wanting to purchase health insurance.
  • Increased choice for consumers by promoting competition in the individual health insurance market leading to lower premiums for three years in a row.
  • Under the Trump Administration, more than 90 percent of the counties have multiple options on the individual insurance market to choose from.
  • Offered Association Health Plans, which allow employers to pool together and offer more affordable, quality health coverage to their employees at up to 30 percent lower cost.
  • Increased availability of short-term, limited-duration health plans, which can cost up to 60 percent less than traditional plans, giving Americans more flexibility to choose plans that suit their needs.
  • Expanded Health Reimbursement Arrangements, allowing millions of Americans to be able to shop for a plan of their choice on the individual market, and then have their employer cover the cost.
  • Added 2,100 new Medicare Advantage plan options since 2017, a 76 percent increase.
  • Lowered Medicare Advantage premiums by 34 percent nationwide to the lowest level in 14 years. Medicare health plan premium savings for beneficiaries have totaled $nearly 1.5 billion since 2017.
  • Improved access to tax-free health savings accounts for individuals with chronic conditions.
  • Eliminated costly Obamacare taxes, including the health insurance tax, the medical device tax, and the “Cadillac tax.”
  • Worked with states to create more flexibility and relief from oppressive Obamacare regulations, including reinsurance waivers to help lower premiums.
  • Released legislative principles to end surprise medical billing.
  • Finalized requirements for unprecedented price transparency from hospitals and insurance companies so patients know what the cost is before they receive care.
  • Took action to require that hospitals make the prices they negotiate with insurers publicly available and easily accessible online.
  • Improved patients access to their health data by penalizing hospitals and causing clinicians to lose their incentive payments if they do not comply.
  • Expanded access to telehealth, especially in rural and underserved communities.
  • Increased Medicare payments to rural hospitals to stem a decade of rising closures and deliver enhanced access to care in rural areas.

Issued unprecedented reforms that dramatically lowered the price of prescription drugs.

  • Lowered drug prices for the first time in 51 years.
  • Launched an initiative to stop global freeloading in the drug market.
  • Finalized a rule to allow the importation of prescription drugs from Canada.
  • Finalized the Most Favored Nation Rule to ensure that pharmaceutical companies offer the same discounts to the United States as they do to other nations, resulting in an estimated $85 billion in savings over seven years and $30 billion in out-of-pocket costs alone.
  • Proposed a rule requiring federally funded health centers to pass drug company discounts on insulin and Epi-Pens directly to patients.
  • Ended the gag clauses that prevented pharmacists from informing patients about the best prices for the medications they need.
  • Ended the costly kickbacks to middlemen and ensured that patients directly benefit from available discounts at the pharmacy counter, saving Americans up to 30 percent on brand name pharmaceuticals.
  • Enhanced Part D plans to provide many seniors with Medicare access to a broad set of insulins at a maximum $35 copay for a month’s supply of each type of insulin.
  • Reduced Medicare Part D prescription drug premiums, saving beneficiaries nearly $2 billion in premium costs since 2017.
  • Ended the Unapproved Drugs Initiative, which provided market exclusivity to generic drugs.

Promoted research and innovation in healthcare to ensure that American patients have access to the best treatment in the world.

  • Signed first-ever executive order to affirm that it is the official policy of the United States Government to protect patients with pre-existing conditions.
  • Passed Right To Try to give terminally ill patients access to lifesaving cures.
  • Signed an executive order to fight kidney disease with more transplants and better treatment.
  • Signed into law a $1 billion increase in funding for critical Alzheimer’s research.
  • Accelerated medical breakthroughs in genetic treatments for Sickle Cell disease.
  • Finalized the interoperability rules that will give American patients access to their electronic health records on their phones.
  • Initiated an effort to provide $500 million over the next decade to improve pediatric cancer research.
  • Launched a campaign to end the HIV/AIDS epidemic in America in the next decade.
  • Started a program to provide the HIV prevention drug PrEP to uninsured patients for free.
  • Signed an executive order and awarded new development contracts to modernize the influenza vaccine.

Protected our Nation’s seniors by safeguarding and strengthening Medicare.

  • Updated the way Medicare pays for innovative medical products to ensure beneficiaries have access to the latest innovation and treatment.
  • Reduced improper payments for Medicare an estimated $15 billion since 2016 protecting taxpayer dollars and leading to less fraud, waste, and abuse.
  • Took rapid action to combat antimicrobial resistance and secure access to life-saving new antibiotic drugs for American seniors, by removing several financial disincentives and setting policies to reduce inappropriate use.
  • Launched new online tools, including eMedicare, Blue Button 2.0, and Care Compare, to help seniors see what is covered, compare costs, streamline data, and compare tools available on
  • Provided new Medicare Advantage supplemental benefits, including modifications to help keep seniors safe in their homes, respite care for caregivers, non-opioid pain management alternatives like therapeutic massages, transportation, and more in-home support services and assistance.
  • Protected Medicare beneficiaries by removing Social Security numbers from all Medicare cards, a project completed ahead of schedule.
  • Unleashed unprecedented transparency in Medicare and Medicaid data to spur research and innovation.

Remaking the Federal Judiciary

Appointed a historic number of Federal judges who will interpret the Constitution as written.

  • Nominated and confirmed over 230 Federal judges.
  • Confirmed 54 judges to the United States Courts of Appeals, making up nearly a third of the entire appellate bench.
  • Filled all Court of Appeals vacancies for the first time in four decades.
  • Flipped the Second, Third, and Eleventh Circuits from Democrat-appointed majorities to Republican-appointed majorities. And dramatically reshaped the long-liberal Ninth Circuit.

Appointed three Supreme Court justices, expanding its conservative-appointed majority to 6-3.

  • Appointed Justice Neil Gorsuch to replace Justice Antonin Scalia.
  • Appointed Justice Brett Kavanaugh to replace Justice Anthony Kennedy.
  • Appointed Justice Amy Coney Barrett to replace Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg.

Achieving a Secure Border

Secured the Southern Border of the United States.

  • Built over 400 miles of the world’s most robust and advanced border wall.
  • Illegal crossings have plummeted over 87 percent where the wall has been constructed.
  • Deployed nearly 5,000 troops to the Southern border. In addition, Mexico deployed tens of thousands of their own soldiers and national guardsmen to secure their side of the US-Mexico border.
  • Ended the dangerous practice of Catch-and-Release, which means that instead of aliens getting released into the United States pending future hearings never to be seen again, they are detained pending removal, and then ultimately returned to their home countries.
  • Entered into three historic asylum cooperation agreements with Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala to stop asylum fraud and resettle illegal migrants in third-party nations pending their asylum applications.
  • Entered into a historic partnership with Mexico, referred to as the “Migrant Protection Protocols,” to safely return asylum-seekers to Mexico while awaiting hearings in the United States.

Fully enforced the immigration laws of the United States.

  • Signed an executive order to strip discretionary Federal grant funding from deadly sanctuary cities.
  • Fully enforced and implemented statutorily authorized “expedited removal” of illegal aliens.
  • The Department of Justice prosecuted a record-breaking number of immigration-related crimes.
  • Used Section 243(d) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) to reduce the number of aliens coming from countries whose governments refuse to accept their nationals who were ordered removed from the United States.

Ended asylum fraud, shut down human smuggling traffickers, and solved the humanitarian crisis across the Western Hemisphere.

  • Suspended, via regulation, asylum for aliens who had skipped previous countries where they were eligible for asylum but opted to “forum shop” and continue to the United States.
  • Safeguarded migrant families, and protected migrant safety, by promulgating new regulations under the Flores Settlement Agreement.
  • Proposed regulations to end the practice of giving free work permits to illegal aliens lodging meritless asylum claims.
  • Issued “internal relocation” guidance.
  • Cross-trained United States Border Patrol agents to conduct credible fear screenings alongside USCIS (United States Citizenship and Immigration Services) adjudication personnel to reduce massive backlogs.
  • Streamlined and expedited the asylum hearing process through both the Prompt Asylum Claim Review (PACR) and the Humanitarian Asylum Review Process (HARP).
  • Launched the Family Fraud Initiative to identify hundreds of individuals who were fraudulently presenting themselves as family units at the border, oftentimes with trafficking children, in order to ensure child welfare.
  • Improved screening in countries with high overstay rates and reduced visa overstay rates in many of these countries.
  • Removed bureaucratic constraints on United States consular officers that reduced their ability to appropriately vet visa applicants.
  • Worked with Mexico and other regional partners to dismantle the human smuggling networks in our hemisphere that profit from human misery and fuel the border crisis by exploiting vulnerable populations.

Secured our Nation’s immigration system against criminals and terrorists.

  • Instituted national security travel bans to keep out terrorists, jihadists, and violent extremists, and implemented a uniform security and information-sharing baseline all nations must meet in order for their nationals to be able to travel to, and emigrate to, the United States.
  • Suspended refugee resettlement from the world’s most dangerous and terror-afflicted regions.
  • Rebalanced refugee assistance to focus on overseas resettlement and burden-sharing.
  • 85 percent reduction in refugee resettlement.
  • Overhauled badly-broken refugee security screening process.
  • Required the Department of State to consult with states and localities as part of the Federal government’s refugee resettlement process.
  • Issued strict sanctions on countries that have failed to take back their own nationals.
  • Established the National Vetting Center, which is the most advanced and comprehensive visa screening system anywhere in the world.

Protected American workers and taxpayers.

  • Issued a comprehensive “public charge” regulation to ensure newcomers to the United States are financially self-sufficient and not reliant on welfare.
  • Created an enforcement mechanism for sponsor repayment and deeming, to ensure that people who are presenting themselves as sponsors are actually responsible for sponsor obligations.
  • Issued regulations to combat the horrendous practice of “birth tourism.”
  • Issued a rule with the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) to make illegal aliens ineligible for public housing.
  • Issued directives requiring Federal agencies to hire United States workers first and prioritizing the hiring of United States workers wherever possible.
  • Suspended the entry of low-wage workers that threaten American jobs.
  • Finalized new H-1B regulations to permanently end the displacement of United States workers and modify the administrative tools that are required for H-1B visa issuance.
  • Defended United States sovereignty by withdrawing from the United Nations’ Global Compact on Migration.
  • Suspended Employment Authorization Documents for aliens who arrive illegally between ports of entry and are ordered removed from the United States.
  • Restored integrity to the use of Temporary Protected Status (TPS) by strictly adhering to the statutory conditions required for TPS.

Restoring American Leadership Abroad

Restored America’s leadership in the world and successfully negotiated to ensure our allies pay their fair share for our military protection.

  • Secured a $400 billion increase in defense spending from NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) allies by 2024, and the number of members meeting their minimum obligations more than doubled.
  • Credited by Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg for strengthening NATO.
  • Worked to reform and streamline the United Nations (UN) and reduced spending by $1.3 billion.
  • Allies, including Japan and the Republic of Korea, committed to increase burden-sharing.
  • Protected our Second Amendment rights by announcing the United States will never ratify the UN Arms Trade Treaty.
  • Returned 56 hostages and detainees from more than 24 countries.
  • Worked to advance a free and open Indo-Pacific region, promoting new investments and expanding American partnerships.

Advanced peace through strength.

  • Withdrew from the horrible, one-sided Iran Nuclear Deal and imposed crippling sanctions on the Iranian Regime.
  • Conducted vigorous enforcement on all sanctions to bring Iran’s oil exports to zero and deny the regime its principal source of revenue.
  • First president to meet with a leader of North Korea and the first sitting president to cross the demilitarized zone into North Korea.
  • Maintained a maximum pressure campaign and enforced tough sanctions on North Korea while negotiating de-nuclearization, the release of American hostages, and the return of the remains of American heroes.
  • Brokered economic normalization between Serbia and Kosovo, bolstering peace in the Balkans.
  • Signed the Honk Kong Autonomy Act and ended the United States’ preferential treatment with Hong Kong to hold China accountable for its infringement on the autonomy of Hong Kong.
  • Led allied efforts to defeat the Chinese Communist Party’s efforts to control the international telecommunications system.

Renewed our cherished friendship and alliance with Israel and took historic action to promote peace in the Middle East.

  • Recognized Jerusalem as the true capital of Israel and quickly moved the American Embassy in Israel to Jerusalem.
  • Acknowledged Israel’s sovereignty over the Golan Heights and declared that Israeli settlements in the West Bank are not inconsistent with international law.
  • Removed the United States from the United Nations Human Rights Council due to the group’s blatant anti-Israel bias.
  • Brokered historic peace agreements between Israel and Arab-Muslim countries, including the United Arab Emirates, the Kingdom of Bahrain, and Sudan.
  • In addition, the United States negotiated a normalization agreement between Israel and Morocco, and recognized Moroccan Sovereignty over the entire Western Sahara, a position with long standing bipartisan support.
  • Brokered a deal for Kosovo to normalize ties and establish diplomatic relations with Israel.
  • Announced that Serbia would move its embassy in Israel to Jerusalem.
  • First American president to address an assembly of leaders from more than 50 Muslim nations, and reach an agreement to fight terrorism in all its forms.
  • Established the Etidal Center to combat terrorism in the Middle East in conjunction with the Saudi Arabian Government.
  • Announced the Vision for Peace Political Plan – a two-state solution that resolves the risks of Palestinian statehood to Israel’s security, and the first time Israel has agreed to a map and a Palestinian state.
  • Released an economic plan to empower the Palestinian people and enhance Palestinian governance through historic private investment.

Stood up against Communism and Socialism in the Western Hemisphere.

  • Reversed the previous Administration’s disastrous Cuba policy, canceling the sellout deal with the Communist Castro dictatorship.
  • Pledged not to lift sanctions until all political prisoners are freed; freedoms of assembly and expression are respected; all political parties are legalized; and free elections are scheduled.
  • Enacted a new policy aimed at preventing American dollars from funding the Cuban regime, including stricter travel restrictions and restrictions on the importation of Cuban alcohol and tobacco.
  • Implemented a cap on remittances to Cuba.
  • Enabled Americans to file lawsuits against persons and entities that traffic in property confiscated by the Cuban regime.
  • First world leader to recognize Juan Guaido as the Interim President of Venezuela and led a diplomatic coalition against the Socialist Dictator of Venezuela, Nicolas Maduro.
  • Blocked all property of the Venezuelan Government in the jurisdiction of the United States.
  • Cut off the financial resources of the Maduro regime and sanctioned key sectors of the Venezuelan economy exploited by the regime.
  • Brought criminal charges against Nicolas Maduro for his narco-terrorism.
  • Imposed stiff sanctions on the Ortega regime in Nicaragua.
  • Joined together with Mexico and Canada in a successful bid to host the 2026 FIFA World Cup, with 60 matches to be held in the United States.
  • Won bid to host the 2028 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, California.

Colossal Rebuilding of the Military

Rebuilt the military and created the Sixth Branch, the United States Space Force.

  • Completely rebuilt the United States military with over $2.2 trillion in defense spending, including $738 billion for 2020.
  • Secured three pay raises for our service members and their families, including the largest raise in a decade.
  • Established the Space Force, the first new branch of the United States Armed Forces since 1947.
  • Modernized and recapitalized our nuclear forces and missile defenses to ensure they continue to serve as a strong deterrent.
  • Upgraded our cyber defenses by elevating the Cyber Command into a major warfighting command and by reducing burdensome procedural restrictions on cyber operations.
  • Vetoed the FY21 National Defense Authorization Act, which failed to protect our national security, disrespected the history of our veterans and military, and contradicted our efforts to put America first.

Defeated terrorists, held leaders accountable for malign actions, and bolstered peace around the world.

  • Defeated 100 percent of ISIS’ territorial caliphate in Iraq and Syria.
  • Freed nearly 8 million civilians from ISIS’ bloodthirsty control, and liberated Mosul, Raqqa, and the final ISIS foothold of Baghuz.
  • Killed the leader of ISIS, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, and eliminated the world’s top terrorist, Qasem Soleimani.
  • Created the Terrorist Financing Targeting Center (TFTC) in partnership between the United States and its Gulf partners to combat extremist ideology and threats, and target terrorist financial networks, including over 60 terrorist individuals and entities spanning the globe.
  • Twice took decisive military action against the Assad regime in Syria for the barbaric use of chemical weapons against innocent civilians, including a successful 59 Tomahawk cruise missiles strike.
  • Authorized sanctions against bad actors tied to Syria’s chemical weapons program.
  • Negotiated an extended ceasefire with Turkey in northeast Syria.

Addressed gaps in American’s defense-industrial base, providing much-needed updates to improve the safety of our country.

  • Protected America’s defense-industrial base, directing the first whole-of-government assessment of our manufacturing and defense supply chains since the 1950s.
  • Took decisive steps to secure our information and communications technology and services supply chain, including unsafe mobile applications.
  • Completed several multi-year nuclear material removal campaigns, securing over 1,000 kilograms of highly enriched uranium and significantly reducing global nuclear threats.
  • Signed an executive order directing Federal agencies to work together to diminish the capability of foreign adversaries to target our critical electric infrastructure.
  • Established a whole-of-government strategy addressing the threat posed by China’s malign efforts targeting the United States taxpayer-funded research and development ecosystem.
  • Advanced missile defense capabilities and regional alliances.
  • Bolstered the ability of our allies and partners to defend themselves through the sale of aid and military equipment.
  • Signed the largest arms deal ever, worth nearly $110 billion, with Saudi Arabia.

Serving and Protecting Our Veterans

Reformed the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) to improve care, choice, and employee accountability.

  • Signed and implemented the VA Mission Act, which made permanent Veterans CHOICE, revolutionized the VA community care system, and delivered quality care closer to home for Veterans.
  • The number of Veterans who say they trust VA services has increased 19 percent to a record 91 percent, an all-time high.
  • Offered same-day emergency mental health care at every VA medical facility, and secured $9.5 billion for mental health services in 2020.
  • Signed the VA Choice and Quality Employment Act of 2017, which ensured that veterans could continue to see the doctor of their choice and wouldn’t have to wait for care.
  • During the Trump Administration, millions of veterans have been able to choose a private doctor in their communities.
  • Expanded Veterans’ ability to access telehealth services, including through the “Anywhere to Anywhere” VA healthcare initiative leading to a 1000 percent increase in usage during COVID-19.
  • Signed the Veterans Affairs Accountability and Whistleblower Protection Act and removed thousands of VA workers who failed to give our Vets the care they have so richly deserve.
  • Signed the Veterans Appeals Improvement and Modernization Act of 2017 and improved the efficiency of the VA, setting record numbers of appeals decisions.
  • Modernized medical records to begin a seamless transition from the Department of Defense to the VA.
  • Launched a new tool that provides Veterans with online access to average wait times and quality-of-care data.
  • The promised White House VA Hotline has fielded hundreds of thousands of calls.
  • Formed the PREVENTS Task Force to fight the tragedy of Veteran suicide.

Decreased veteran homelessness, improved education benefits, and achieved record-low veteran unemployment.

  • Signed and implemented the Forever GI Bill, allowing Veterans to use their benefits to get an education at any point in their lives.
  • Eliminated every penny of Federal student loan debt owed by American veterans who are completely and permanently disabled.
  • Compared to 2009, 49 percent fewer veterans experienced homelessness nationwide during 2019.
  • Signed and implemented the HAVEN Act to ensure that Veterans who’ve declared bankruptcy don’t lose their disability payments.
  • Helped hundreds of thousands of military service members make the transition from the military to the civilian workforce, and developed programs to support the employment of military spouses.
  • Placed nearly 40,000 homeless veterans into employment through the Homeless Veterans Reintegration Program.
  • Placed over 600,000 veterans into employment through American Job Center services.
  • Enrolled over 500,000 transitioning service members in over 20,000 Department of Labor employment workshops.
  • Signed an executive order to help Veterans transition seamlessly into the United States Merchant Marine.

Making Communities Safer

Signed into law landmark criminal justice reform.

  • Signed the bipartisan First Step Act into law, the first landmark criminal justice reform legislation ever passed to reduce recidivism and help former inmates successfully rejoin society.
  • Promoted second chance hiring to give former inmates the opportunity to live crime-free lives and find meaningful employment.
  • Launched a new “Ready to Work” initiative to help connect employers directly with former prisoners.
  • Awarded $2.2 million to states to expand the use of fidelity bonds, which underwrite companies that hire former prisoners.
  • Reversed decades-old ban on Second Chance Pell programs to provide postsecondary education to individuals who are incarcerated expand their skills and better succeed in the workforce upon re-entry.
  • Awarded over $333 million in Department of Labor grants to nonprofits and local and state governments for reentry projects focused on career development services for justice-involved youth and adults who were formerly incarcerated.

Unprecedented support for law-enforcement.

  • In 2019, violent crime fell for the third consecutive year.
  • Since 2016, the violent crime rate has declined over 5 percent and the murder rate has decreased by over 7 percent.
  • Launched Operation Legend to combat a surge of violent crime in cities, resulting in more than 5,500 arrests.
  • Deployed the National Guard and Federal law enforcement to Kenosha to stop violence and restore public safety.
  • Provided $1 million to Kenosha law enforcement, nearly $4 million to support small businesses in Kenosha, and provided over $41 million to support law enforcement to the state of Wisconsin.
  • Deployed Federal agents to save the courthouse in Portland from rioters.
  • Signed an executive order outlining ten-year prison sentences for destroying Federal property and monuments.
  • Directed the Department of Justice (DOJ) to investigate and prosecute Federal offenses related to ongoing violence.
  • DOJ provided nearly $400 million for new law enforcement hiring.
  • Endorsed by the 355,000 members of the Fraternal Order of Police.
  • Revitalized Project Safe Neighborhoods, which brings together Federal, state, local, and tribal law enforcement officials to develop solutions to violent crime.
  • Improved first-responder communications by deploying the FirstNet National Public Safety Broadband Network, which serves more than 12,000 public safety agencies across the Nation.
  • Established a new commission to evaluate best practices for recruiting, training, and supporting law enforcement officers.
  • Signed the Safe Policing for Safe Communities executive order to incentive local police department reforms in line with law and order.
  • Made hundreds of millions of dollars’ worth of surplus military equipment available to local law enforcement.
  • Signed an executive order to help prevent violence against law enforcement officers.
  • Secured permanent funding for the 9/11 Victim Compensation Fund for first responders.

Implemented strong measures to stem hate crimes, gun violence, and human trafficking.

  • Signed an executive order making clear that Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 applies to discrimination rooted in anti-Semitism.
  • Launched a centralized website to educate the public about hate crimes and encourage reporting.
  • Signed the Fix NICS Act to keep guns out of the hands of dangerous criminals.
  • Signed the STOP School Violence Act and created a Commission on School Safety to examine ways to make our schools safer.
  • Launched the Foster Youth to Independence initiative to prevent and end homelessness among young adults under the age of 25 who are in, or have recently left, the foster care system.
  • Signed the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act, which tightened criteria for whether countries are meeting standards for eliminating trafficking.
  • Established a task force to help combat the tragedy of missing or murdered Native American women and girls.
  • Prioritized fighting for the voiceless and ending the scourge of human trafficking across the Nation, through a whole of government back by legislation, executive action, and engagement with key industries.
  • Created the first-ever White House position focused solely on combating human trafficking.

Cherishing Life and Religious Liberty

Steadfastly supported the sanctity of every human life and worked tirelessly to prevent government funding of abortion.

  • Reinstated and expanded the Mexico City Policy, ensuring that taxpayer money is not used to fund abortion globally.
  • Issued a rule preventing Title X taxpayer funding from subsiding the abortion industry.
  • Supported legislation to end late-term abortions.
  • Cut all funding to the United Nations population fund due to the fund’s support for coercive abortion and forced sterilization.
  • Signed legislation overturning the previous administration’s regulation that prohibited states from defunding abortion facilities as part of their family planning programs.
  • Fully enforced the requirement that taxpayer dollars do not support abortion coverage in Obamacare exchange plans.
  • Stopped the Federal funding of fetal tissue research.
  • Worked to protect healthcare entities and individuals’ conscience rights – ensuring that no medical professional is forced to participate in an abortion in violation of their beliefs.
  • Issued an executive order reinforcing requirement that all hospitals in the United States provide medical treatment or an emergency transfer for infants who are in need of emergency medical care—regardless of prematurity or disability.
  • Led a coalition of countries to sign the Geneva Consensus Declaration, declaring that there is no international right to abortion and committing to protecting women’s health.
  • First president in history to attend the March for Life.

Stood up for religious liberty in the United States and around the world.

  • Protected the conscience rights of doctors, nurses, teachers, and groups like the Little Sisters of the Poor.
  • First president to convene a meeting at the United Nations to end religious persecution.
  • Established the White House Faith and Opportunity Initiative.
  • Stopped the Johnson Amendment from interfering with pastors’ right to speak their minds.
  • Reversed the previous administration’s policy that prevented the government from providing disaster relief to religious organizations.
  • Protected faith-based adoption and foster care providers, ensuring they can continue to serve their communities while following the teachings of their faith.
  • Reduced burdensome barriers to ensure Native Americans are free to keep spiritually and culturally significant eagle feathers found on their tribal lands.
  • Took action to ensure Federal employees can take paid time off work to observe religious holy days.
  • Signed legislation to assist religious and ethnic groups targeted by ISIS for mass murder and genocide in Syria and Iraq.
  • Directed American assistance toward persecuted communities, including through faith-based programs.
  • Launched the International Religious Freedom Alliance – the first-ever alliance devoted to confronting religious persecution around the world.
  • Appointed a Special Envoy to monitor and combat anti-Semitism.
  • Imposed restrictions on certain Chinese officials, internal security units, and companies for their complicity in the persecution of Uighur Muslims in Xinjiang.
  • Issued an executive order to protect and promote religious freedom around the world.

Safeguarding the Environment

Took strong action to protect the environment and ensure clean air and clean water.

  • Took action to protect vulnerable Americans from being exposed to lead and copper in drinking water and finalized a rule protecting children from lead-based paint hazards.
  • Invested over $38 billion in clean water infrastructure.
  • In 2019, America achieved the largest decline in carbon emissions of any country on earth. Since withdrawing from the Paris Climate Accord, the United States has reduced carbon emissions more than any nation.
  • American levels of particulate matter – one of the main measures of air pollution – are approximately five times lower than the global average.
  • Between 2017 and 2019, the air became 7 percent cleaner – indicated by a steep drop in the combined emissions of criteria pollutants.
  • Led the world in greenhouse gas emissions reductions, having cut energy-related CO2 emissions by 12 percent from 2005 to 2018 while the rest of the world increased emissions by 24 percent.
  • In FY 2019 the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) cleaned up more major pollution sites than any year in nearly two decades.
  • The EPA delivered $300 million in Brownfields grants directly to communities most in need including investment in 118 Opportunity Zones.
  • Placed a moratorium on offshore drilling off the coasts of Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Florida.
  • Restored public access to Federal land at Bears Ears National Monument and Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument.
  • Recovered more endangered or threatened species than any other administration in its first term.

Secured agreements and signed legislation to protect the environment and preserve our Nation’s abundant national resources.

  • The USMCA guarantees the strongest environmental protections of any trade agreement in history.
  • Signed the Save Our Seas Act to protect our environment from foreign nations that litter our oceans with debris and developed the first-ever Federal strategic plan to address marine litter.
  • Signed the Great American Outdoors Act, securing the single largest investment in America’s National Parks and public lands in history.
  • Signed the largest public lands legislation in a decade, designating 1.3 million new acres of wilderness.
  • Signed a historic executive order promoting much more active forest management to prevent catastrophic wildfires.
  • Opened and expanded access to over 4 million acres of public lands for hunting and fishing.
  • Joined the One Trillion Trees Initiative to plant, conserve, and restore trees in America and around the world.
  • Delivered infrastructure upgrades and investments for numerous projects, including over half a billion dollars to fix the Herbert Hoover Dike and expanding funding for Everglades restoration by 55 percent.

Expanding Educational Opportunity

Fought tirelessly to give every American access to the best possible education.

  • The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act expanded School Choice, allowing parents to use up to $10,000 from a 529 education savings account to cover K-12 tuition costs at the public, private, or religious school of their choice.
  • Launched a new pro-American lesson plan for students called the 1776 Commission to promote patriotic education.
  • Prohibited the teaching of Critical Race Theory in the Federal government.
  • Established the National Garden of American Heroes, a vast outdoor park that will feature the statues of the greatest Americans to ever live.
  • Called on Congress to pass the Education Freedom Scholarships and Opportunity Act to expand education options for 1 million students of all economic backgrounds.
  • Signed legislation reauthorizing the D.C. Opportunity Scholarship program.
  • Issued updated guidance making clear that the First Amendment right to Free Exercise of Religion does not end at the door to a public school.

Took action to promote technical education.

  • Signed into law the Strengthening Career and Technical Education for the 21st Century Act, which provides over 13 million students with high-quality vocational education and extends more than $1.3 billion each year to states for critical workforce development programs.
  • Signed the INSPIRE Act which encouraged NASA to have more women and girls participate in STEM and seek careers in aerospace.
  • Allocated no less than $200 million each year in grants to prioritize women and minorities in STEM and computer science education.

Drastically reformed and modernized our educational system to restore local control and promote fairness.

  • Restored state and local control of education by faithfully implementing the Every Student Succeeds Act.
  • Signed an executive order that ensures public universities protect First Amendment rights or they will risk losing funding, addresses student debt by requiring colleges to share a portion of the financial risk, and increases transparency by requiring universities to disclose information about the value of potential educational programs.
  • Issued a rule strengthening Title IX protections for survivors of sexual misconduct in schools, and that – for the first time in history – codifies that sexual harassment is prohibited under Title IX.
  • Negotiated historic bipartisan agreement on new higher education rules to increase innovation and lower costs by reforming accreditation, state authorization, distance education, competency-based education, credit hour, religious liberty, and TEACH Grants.

Prioritized support for Historically Black Colleges and Universities.

  • Moved the Federal Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU) Initiative back to the White House.
  • Signed into law the FUTURE Act, making permanent $255 million in annual funding for HBCUs and increasing funding for the Federal Pell Grant program.
  • Signed legislation that included more than $100 million for scholarships, research, and centers of excellence at HBCU land-grant institutions.
  • Fully forgave $322 million in disaster loans to four HBCUs in 2018, so they could fully focus on educating their students.
  • Enabled faith-based HBCUs to enjoy equal access to Federal support.

Combatting the Opioid Crisis

Brought unprecedented attention and support to combat the opioid crisis.

  • Declared the opioid crisis a nationwide public health emergency.
  • Secured a record $6 billion in new funding to combat the opioid epidemic.
  • Signed the SUPPORT for Patients and Communities Act, the largest-ever legislative effort to address a drug crisis in our Nation’s history.
  • Launched the Initiative to Stop Opioid Abuse and Reduce Drug Supply and Demand in order to confront the many causes fueling the drug crisis.
  • The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) awarded a record $9 billion in grants to expand access to prevention, treatment, and recovery services to States and local communities.
  • Passed the CRIB Act, allowing Medicaid to help mothers and their babies who are born physically dependent on opioids by covering their care in residential pediatric recovery facilities.
  • Distributed $1 billion in grants for addiction prevention and treatment.
  • Announced a Safer Prescriber Plan that seeks to decrease the amount of opioids prescriptions filled in America by one third within three years.
  • Reduced the total amount of opioids prescriptions filled in America.
  • Expanded access to medication-assisted treatment and life-saving Naloxone.
  • Launched, a tool to find help for substance abuse.
  • Drug overdose deaths fell nationwide in 2018 for the first time in nearly three decades.
  • Launched the Drug-Impaired Driving Initiative to work with local law enforcement and the driving public at large to increase awareness.
  • Launched a nationwide public ad campaign on youth opioid abuse that reached 58 percent of young adults in America.
  • Since 2016, there has been a nearly 40 percent increase in the number of Americans receiving medication-assisted treatment.
  • Approved 29 state Medicaid demonstrations to improve access to opioid use disorder treatment, including new flexibility to cover inpatient and residential treatment.
  • Approved nearly $200 million in grants to address the opioid crisis in severely affected communities and to reintegrate workers in recovery back into the workforce.

Took action to seize illegal drugs and punish those preying on innocent Americans.

  • In FY 2019, ICE HSI seized 12,466 pounds of opioids including 3,688 pounds of fentanyl, an increase of 35 percent from FY 2018.
  • Seized tens of thousands of kilograms of heroin and thousands of kilograms of fentanyl since 2017.
  • The Department of Justice (DOJ) prosecuted more fentanyl traffickers than ever before, dismantled 3,000 drug trafficking organizations, and seized enough fentanyl to kill 105,000 Americans.
  • DOJ charged more than 65 defendants collectively responsible for distributing over 45 million opioid pills.
  • Brought kingpin designations against traffickers operating in China, India, Mexico, and more who have played a role in the epidemic in America.
  • Indicted major Chinese drug traffickers for distributing fentanyl in the U.S for the first time ever, and convinced China to enact strict regulations to control the production and sale of fentanyl.

Whitehouse, January 2021

Who is Stealing America?

Please set aside time to watch this video from Epoch Times that is important for the future of our country. See links below. It is a bit long (93 min.) but well worth the time. It systematically ties together election problems, China, Big Tech, financial, political powers with interviews and video clips. Share it with everyone. Save it to your own email, etc.

COVID Tests Gone Wild Has World in PCR Prison — Principia Scientific Intl.

In the setting of COVID-19, almost every country in the world closed its borders, locked down its citizens, and forced businesses to close. Today, most governments still restrict travel, economic activity, and social gatherings. 22 more words

COVID Tests Gone Wild Has World in PCR Prison — Principia Scientific Intl.

Contact information for 117th Congress, House Republican Representatives

Urgent!! Use this immediately. The vote count is Jan 6. 

See attached contact information file of all Republican House of Representatives members. Please contact ALL of them (or as many as you can)  and urge them to reject the illegitimate, stolen electoral votes, especially from battleground states like Arizona, Georgia, Michigan, Minnesota, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin. This will force the election into a final vote by the House of Representatives, one vote per state. We cannot afford to lose this one. We may never get another chance if the Communist left have their way. We will  permanently lose our freedoms, rights and our Constitution. It is not enough to contact our own representatives; we need to flood the contacts of ALL of the representatives with pleas to undo this travesty. When it is thrown into the House for final voting, please also urge them to support their state delegation to vote for President Trump on Jan. 6. 

See attached files for links and contact information. Included are website, email, Facebook,  and Twitter links along with mailing addresses and phone numbers.  Feel free to copy, save and share these files.  The Excel file has direct links. The pdf file links can be copied and pasted into your browser. Email takes a little longer than Facebook or Twitter or phoning, because each representative has a contact form you will need to fill out first.  A few may even block out-of-district contacts, so you will need to go through phone, Facebook or Twitter for them.  Twitter has a limit on the words/letter you can use. 

  Repub House reps contact info of 117th Congress



Contact information for 117th Congress Republican Senators

Please contact ALL of the Republican senators and urge them to reject the illegitimate, stolen electoral votes, especially from battleground states like Arizona, Georgia, Michigan, Minnesota, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin. This will force the election into a final vote by the House of Representatives, one vote per state. We cannot afford to lose this one. We may never get another chance if the Communist left have their way. We will  permanently lose our freedoms, rights and our Constitution. It is not enough to contact our own senator, we need to flood the contacts of ALL of the senators with pleas to undo this travesty. 

See attached files for links and contact information. Included are website, email, Facebook,  and Twitter links along with mailing addresses and phone numbers.  Feel free to copy, save and share these files.  The Excel file has direct links. The pdf file links can be copied and pasted into your browser. Email takes a little longer than Facebook or Twitter or phoning, because each senator has a contact form you will need to fill out first.  Twitter has a limit on the words/letter you can use.

Excel file:   Repub Senators contact info of 117th Congress         

Pdf file:   Repub Senators contact info for 117th Congress

As an example, here is the text I emailed to all of the Republican senators: 

Dear Senator (name),

You are our last best hope for preserving our republic, our freedom, our rights and our way of life.

Please add your name to those objecting to the electoral college votes submitted by the states. Do not let illegitimate, fraudulent, stolen votes be counted toward electing an illegitimate president. Please, especially object to the votes from “battleground” states such as Arizona, Georgia, Michigan, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin and Minnesota, which have plenty of hard evidence of vote counting fraud.   

When deadlocked and turned over to the congress for final voting, please vote for President Donald Trump’s team to preserve our republic. Now is the time to be courageous to stop tyranny and a Communist take-over. There may not be another chance. 

Be bold.  Be a courageous defender and a hero. The American people are counting on you.

Even if violence ensues, it is better to quell a few riots quickly than to accept the demise of our freedom, rights and our democratic republic for the foreseeable future. Domestic unrest and violence will ensue either way.


(your name)

Patriotic American Citizen

NOTE: These files can be a tool for contacting senators in the future.  It took me several days to compile the files since the websites are each  arranged differently and links had to be found and inserted.

Courage vs. Covid

The Age of UnReason, the Year of Fear.

2020: The Age of UnReason, the Year of Fear.Wed Dec 16, 2020 Jack Kerwick64

Shortly after word reached England that the Spanish Armada had embarked, the philosopher Thomas Hobbes, born in 1588, tells us that the terror induced in his mother labor pains that resulted in his premature birth. He memorably remarked that “fear and I were born twins together.”

Hobbes’ words will doubtless resonate in spades with anyone who was born in 2020.

The present year is the Year of Fear. It is the year of raw, wildly irrational fear. 

For sure, the inexhaustible fear-mongering on the part of opportunistic political partisans in the Government-Media-Industrial-Complex has exacerbated, exponentially exacerbated, the fears of tens and tens of millions of Americans. Yet the elites have not, strictly speaking, caused this fear.

They have only revealed it for all of the world to see.

To put this in terms with which most of us have long been familiar, the transformation of a cold virus into an existential crisis legitimizing the indefinite revocation of the United States Constitution and the reduction of the Land of the Free to an internment camp—and one in which its prisoners seem only all too happy to observe “Social Distancing” protocols while cowering behind their masks—has proven beyond the shadow of a doubt that most people really are ridden with fear.    

Fear is universal. It is at once necessary and desirable—as long as it is oriented toward objects that warrant its attention. 

In other words, when the fear is reasonable, when it is proportionate to the danger posed, it is fulfilling its natural function. 

And, as Aristotle long ago observed in his famous analysis of fear and courage, a person who habitually “fears the right thing, for the right motive, in the right way and at the right times” is a courageous person.

Courage or bravery is a virtue, an excellence of character. Aristotle said of it that it “is the first of human qualities because it is the quality which guarantees the others,” “the greatest quality of the mind next to honor.”

Courage is “the mean” between the emotional extremes of “excess” and “deficiency.” Fear is a morally-neutral emotion in itself. When, though, a person habitually possesses an excess of fear—when he possesses more fear than he ought to possess—he has the vice of cowardice. On the other hand, when a person habitually suffers a deficiency of fear—when he possesses less fear than he ought to possess—he has the vice of recklessness.

Both an excess and a deficiency of fear are simply irrational or unreasonable amounts of fear. The irrationality of the fear is determined by the nature of the object of the fear.   

Similarly, courage is the virtue that obtains when a person strikes upon the mean between excess and deficiency. To be courageous is to fear reasonably, to know what to fear, when to fear it, and how to do so.

Assuming for the moment (against the evidence to the contrary) that COVID-19 truly is a distinct virus that has been isolated from the gazillions of other stuff with which it co-exists in the bio-chemical soup in which scientists claim to have located it, even according to the official numbers (which even the CDC acknowledges is the result of inflating the death-by-COVID toll by some 94%), the dreaded Virus has a mortality rate in the United States of about one-tenth of one percent—about that of the seasonal flu (The real mortality rate is appreciably smaller than even this, for if only six percent of patients to have died from COVID, lacking any pre-existing conditions, actually died from COVID, then this amounts to about 15,000 people. This in turn means that for people who are not immunocompromised, COVID in the United States has a mortality rate of about five one thousandths of one-percent!).

Since the overwhelming majority of people to have died from “The Virus” suffered from multiple pre-existing conditions, they didn’t die from this virus at all; they died with it, perhaps, but not from it. The proof for this is that much stronger in light of a recent John Hopkins University study that was retracted within hours of having been published—despite the fact that, to the admission of those who retracted it, there wasn’t a syllable of it that was inaccurate.

Rather, the retraction was made on the grounds that it could be “misinterpreted” or otherwise used for the nefarious purpose of disseminating “misinformation” regarding COVID.

The study, which was performed by the university’s students, found that the number of overall deaths in 2020 remained continuous with that of years past. This revelation came as a shock as the authors expected that deaths would be significantly higher given that this year, unlike in the past, COVID deaths would add to the total death toll. So the researchers delved more deeply and discovered that, incredibly—miraculously—deaths in all other categories, in the categories of heart disease, respiratory illness, pneumonia, influenza, etc., decreased just as COVID deaths increased.

The explanation for this became at once self-evident: deaths in all of these other categories were being counted as COVID deaths (the paper can still be found in a PDF file).

The point here, though, is that the millions of American citizens who have radically upended their lives (and the life of the whole society) due to their fear of contracting a virus with a mortality rate no different from that of seasonal influenza and from which most people who contract it don’t even get sick are consumed by an excess of fear. The irrationality of their fear is staggering.

A reader recently brought to my attention an article that C.S. Lewis had written on the panic over the prospect of an atomic bomb attack that had seized the members of his generation. Lewis’s contemporaries at least had something truly dangerous to fear, for an atomic bomb, being an indiscriminate killer, was certain to leave in its wake widespread destruction and death. Nothing remotely similar can be said for COVID. Still, it is worth revisiting Lewis’s sagacious counsel, as his words resonate, or should resonate, more profoundly for those of us living today than perhaps at any other time within recent memory.

In “On Living in an Atomic Age,” Lewis shares how he is “tempted to reply” to those who question how life should proceed under the constant threat of nuclear attack. “’Why, as you would have lived in the sixteenth century when the plague visited London almost every year, or as you would have lived in a Viking age when raiders from Scandinavia might land and cut your throat at night; or indeed, as you are already living in an age of cancer, an age of syphilis, an age of paralysis, an age of air raids, an age of railway accidents, an age of motor accident.’”

Lewis elaborates, warning against the loss of perspective that arises “by exaggerating the novelty of our situation.” Death was “a certainty” long before the invention of the atomic bomb. What “the scientists” have done is simply add “one more chance of painful and premature death to a world which already bristled with such chances [.]”

This being the case, if and when it comes, “let that bomb…find us doing sensible and human things—praying, working, teaching, reading, listening to music, bathing the children, playing tennis, chatting to our friends over a pint and a game of darts,” and “not huddled together like frightened sheep and thinking about bombs. They may break our bodies…but they need not dominate our minds [.]”

Lewis concludes with a warning that all of us in the “COVID era” should take to heart:

“Nothing is more likely to destroy a species or a nation than a determination to survive at all costs.”


Dominion and overturning an election


Dominion Vote Tabulation Machine Testing Results and Overturning an Election

A test of one Dominion vote tabulating machine in Ware County, Georgia showed that the votes were skewed in favor of Biden.  In the test equal numbers of votes were run through for each of the two candidates.

What emerged was not equal. It showed that the computer program in the machine gave Joe Biden 1.13 votes for each vote cast and gave Trump 0.87 votes for each vote cast. That is a spread of 26%, and is enough to overturn the election from Trump to Biden.  

Technically, this is not vote flipping; it is adjusting the count by multiplying the votes by algorithmic ratios.  Therefore, the left can say no votes were switched or taken from Trump and given to Biden.  Rather this is mathematical inflation and deflation of votes to achieve the same result.

Using the AP official numbers from shortly after the election, I calculated what the outcome of each state would be if the ratios were 1.13 for Biden and 0.87 for Trump.  By dividing the reported votes by these ratios to eliminate bias, Trump would win most states and the election by a large margin.

Test 1. If we assume that only the battleground states of Arizona, Georgia, Michigan, Minnesota, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin were skewed, each of these states would be overturned from Biden to Trump. Trump would win 308 electoral votes to 223 for Biden in spite of the additional illegitimate votes brought in after the count was stopped.

Test 2. If we assume all states were involved, then in spite of the illegally added votes, Trump would win 340 electoral votes to 191 for Biden. This would include overturning Maine, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico and Virginia from Biden to Trump.  

Either way, Trump would have won by a significant margin. See Test 1 and Test 2 in the table below.

Opinion: Because Trump’s lead in the battleground states was too great to overcome by using algorithmic factors to skew the vote count alone, the count was stopped and new batches of (illegitimate) votes were brought in to ensure that Biden would win. This appears to be what happened, especially in battleground states in large Democratically run cities.  

Before this audit of the Dominion vote tabulating machine, I had done similar calculations using Sidney Powell’s proposed ratio of 1.25 for Biden and 0.75 for Trump with similar results. See Test 3 and Test 4 in the table below.

Full data is in the Excel spreadsheet at the end of this report. The data used in calculations is from AP 11/21/2020 online. To maintain accuracy standards, I checked the 12/7/2020 AP online results. Most results were so close as to be within tenths of a percent to a rounding error. The only significant change was for New York with a 4.2% increase for Joe Biden, which didn’t change the outcome. 

Trump Biden
Raw Votes including disputed additional votes 232 306
Test 1: Adj. T/.87 and B/1.13 Battleground states only 315 223
Test 2 Adj T/.87 and B/1.13, all states 347 191
Test 3: Adj. T/.75 and B/1.25, Battleground states only 315 223
Test 4: Adj. T/.75 and B/1.25, all states 452 86

Figure 1.  Electoral Votes resulting from adjusting election votes to remove bias from suspected algorithmic ratios imposed by Dominion vote tabulating machines.

Questions remain.  

How many of the states, districts and machines used these ratios to skew the results?

What were the actual ratios used in each state and district?

Were Dominion machines recalibrated after the election to remove and hide the ratios used to skew the vote totals?

Because many of the Dominion vote tabulating machines have not been well secured, they may have been recalibrated to hide any skewing factors. If this is the case, we can’t test them in any meaningful way or know for certain what, if any, ratio was actually used.

Did the 2016 presidential election also use these ratios in the voting machines?

If so, the Democrats were so confident that it would be sufficient to elect Hillary Clinton that they were not prepared to create and count extra illegal votes to make up for the difference when Trump votes exceeded expectations. Perhaps that is why they were prepared to supply those extra (illegal) votes in 2020. It also explains why Hillary Clinton never accepted the results and was sure that Trump had cheated.

Could the same system have been used in the 2012 and 2008 elections? Other previous years? We may never know.

2020 Presidential state-by-state election results. Data from AP
Note: original chart copied 11/21/20; is no longer available at this site
Adjustment to remove possible fraud through Dominion settings to favor Biden.
  Candidate Raw Votes EVotes Adjusted Votes Adjusted EVotes
ALABAMA 100% precincts          
GOP Trump, Donald 1,434,315 9 1,648,638 9
Dem Biden, Joe 843,724   746,658  
ALASKA 100% precincts          
GOP Trump, Donald 189,543 3 217,866 3
Dem Biden, Joe 153,502   135,842  
ARIZONA  100% precincts          
Dem Biden, Joe  1,672,143 11 1,479,773  
GOP Trump, Donald 1,661,686   1,909,984 11
ARKANSAS 100% precincts          
GOP Trump, Donald 760,607 6 874,261 6
Dem Biden, Joe 423,819   375,061  
CALIFORNIA 97.4% precincts          
Dem Biden, Joe  11,016,513 55 9,749,127 55
GOP Trump, Donald 5,931,367   6,817,663  
COLORADO 100% precincts          
Dem Biden, Joe  1,803,941 9 1,596,408 9
GOP Trump, Donald 1,364,226   1,568,076  
CONNECTICUT 100% precincts          
Dem Biden, Joe  1,080,492 7 956,188 7
GOP Trump, Donald 714,613   821,394  
DELAWARE 100% precincts          
Dem Biden, Joe  296,268 3 262,184 3
GOP Trump, Donald 200,603   230,578  
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA 100% precincts          
Dem Biden, Joe  317,323 3 280,817 3
GOP Trump, Donald 18,586   21,363  
FLORIDA 100% precincts          
GOP Trump, Donald 5,668,731 29 6,515,783 29
Dem Biden, Joe 5,297,045   4,687,650  
GEORGIA 100% precincts          
Dem Biden, Joe  2,474,507 16 2,189,829  
GOP Trump, Donald 2,461,837   2,829,698 16
HAWAII 100% precincts          
Dem Biden, Joe  366,130 4 324,009 4
GOP Trump, Donald 196,864   226,280  
IDAHO 100% precincts          
GOP Trump, Donald 554,128 4 636,929 4
Dem Biden, Joe 287,031   254,010  
ILLINOIS 99.1% precincts          
Dem Biden, Joe  3,450,333 20 3,053,392 20
GOP Trump, Donald 2,434,252   2,797,991  
INDIANA 100% precincts          
GOP Trump, Donald 1,729,537 11 1,987,974 11
Dem Biden, Joe 1,242,253   1,099,339  
IOWA 100% precincts          
GOP Trump, Donald 897,672 6 1,031,807 6
Dem Biden, Joe 759,061   671,735  
KANSAS 100% precincts          
GOP Trump, Donald 752,933 6 865,440 6
Dem Biden, Joe 551,144   487,738  
KENTUCKY 100% precincts          
GOP Trump, Donald 1,326,646 8 1,524,880 8
Dem Biden, Joe 772,474   683,605  
LOUISIANA 100% precincts          
GOP Trump, Donald 1,255,776 8 1,443,421 8
Dem Biden, Joe 856,034   757,552  
MAINE 99.3% precincts          
Dem Biden, Joe  430,023 4 380,551  
GOP Trump, Donald 359,502   413,221 4
MARYLAND 100% precincts          
Dem Biden, Joe  1,970,394 10 1,743,712 10
GOP Trump, Donald 973,012   1,118,405  
MASSACHUSETTS 100% precincts          
Dem Biden, Joe  2,331,327 11 2,063,121 11
GOP Trump, Donald 1,152,871   1,325,139  
MICHIGAN 100% precincts          
Dem Biden, Joe  2,806,899 16 2,483,981  
GOP Trump, Donald 2,651,270   3,047,437 16
MINNESOTA 100% precincts          
Dem Biden, Joe  1,716,207 10 1,518,767  
GOP Trump, Donald 1,483,550   1,705,230 10
MISSISSIPPI 100% precincts          
GOP Trump, Donald 756,731 6 869,806 6
Dem Biden, Joe 539,494   477,428  
MISSOURI 100% precincts          
GOP Trump, Donald 1,718,245 10 1,974,994 10
Dem Biden, Joe 1,252,873   1,108,737  
MONTANA 100% precincts          
GOP Trump, Donald 343,647 3 394,997 3
Dem Biden, Joe 244,836   216,669  
NEBRASKA 100% precincts          
GOP Trump, Donald 554,621 5 637,495 5
Dem Biden, Joe 373,356   330,404  
NEVADA 100% precincts          
Dem Biden, Joe  703,486 6 622,554  
GOP Trump, Donald 669,890   769,989 6
NEW HAMPSHIRE 100% precincts          
Dem Biden, Joe  424,935 4 376,049  
GOP Trump, Donald 365,660   420,299 4
NEW JERSEY 100% precincts          
Dem Biden, Joe  2,608,258 14 2,308,193 14
GOP Trump, Donald 1,883,242   2,164,646  
NEW MEXICO 100% precincts          
Dem Biden, Joe  501,465 5 443,774  
GOP Trump, Donald 401,825   461,868 5
NEW YORK 100% precincts          
Dem Biden, Joe  4,006,426 29 3,545,510 29
GOP Trump, Donald 2,959,435   3,401,649  
NORTH CAROLINA 100% precincts          
GOP Trump, Donald 2,758,775 15 3,171,006 15
Dem Biden, Joe 2,684,299   2,375,486  
NORTH DAKOTA 100% precincts          
GOP Trump, Donald 235,595 3 270,799 3
Dem Biden, Joe 114,902   101,683  
OHIO 100% precincts          
GOP Trump, Donald 3,152,695 18 3,623,787 18
Dem Biden, Joe 2,678,263   2,370,144  
OKLAHOMA 100% precincts          
GOP Trump, Donald 1,020,280 7 1,172,736 7
Dem Biden, Joe 503,890   445,920  
OREGON 98.72% precincts          
Dem Biden, Joe  1,340,109 7 1,185,937 7
GOP Trump, Donald 958,090   1,101,253  
PENNSYLVANIA 99.93% precincts          
Dem Biden, Joe  3,456,632 20 3,058,966  
GOP Trump, Donald 3,375,636   3,880,041 20
RHODE ISLAND 100% precincts          
Dem Biden, Joe  306,192 4 270,966 4
GOP Trump, Donald 199,830   229,690  
SOUTH CAROLINA 100% precincts          
GOP Trump, Donald 1,385,103 9 1,592,072 9
Dem Biden, Joe 1,091,541   965,965  
SOUTH DAKOTA 100% precincts          
GOP Trump, Donald 261,043 3 300,049 3
Dem Biden, Joe 150,471   133,160  
TENNESSEE 100% precincts          
GOP Trump, Donald 1,849,556 11 2,125,926 11
Dem Biden, Joe 1,139,332   1,008,258  
TEXAS 100% precincts          
GOP Trump, Donald 5,891,985 38 6,772,397 38
Dem Biden, Joe 5,261,485   4,656,181  
UTAH 100% precincts          
GOP Trump, Donald 865,100 6 994,368 6
Dem Biden, Joe 560,267   495,812  
VERMONT 100% precincts          
Dem Biden, Joe  242,820 3 214,885 3
GOP Trump, Donald 112,704   129,545  
VIRGINIA 100% precincts          
Dem Biden, Joe  2,413,568 13 2,135,901  
GOP Trump, Donald 1,962,430   2,255,667 13
WASHINGTON 98.85% precincts          
Dem Biden, Joe  2,365,643 12 2,093,489 12
GOP Trump, Donald 1,581,049   1,817,298  
WEST VIRGINIA 100% precincts          
GOP Trump, Donald 545,051 5 626,495 5
Dem Biden, Joe 235,847   208,714  
WISCONSIN 100% precincts          
Dem Biden, Joe  1,630,673 10 1,443,073  
GOP Trump, Donald 1,610,065   1,850,649 10
WYOMING 100% precincts          
GOP Trump, Donald 193,559 3 222,482 3
Dem Biden, Joe 73,491   65,036  
Trump Summary   73,785,969 232 84,811,459 347
Biden Summary   79,823,141 306 70,639,948 191
Grand Total   153,609,110 538 155,451,406 538

History of Climate and Overpopulation Alarms

For a great history of Climate Change and Population Control Alarms watch this video from and Steve Goddard’s Youtube channel by Tony Heller.  A little long but well worth watching.  All scares are politics, not science. The aim is socialist/communist control – control of population, economy, politics, every facet of your life.


  • The world is still not overpopulated.
  • Hunger is more about politics than scarcity. Modern agriculture can feed everyone.
  • The climate is always changing, but it is not dangerous. Warm is healthier than cold.
  • Carbon Dioxide (CO2) is plant food, and why earth is not one giant ball of ice.
  • Water vapor is a far stronger greenhouse gas than CO2.
  • Most of the greenhouse effect occurred in the distant past with an almost opaque blanket preventing heat loss to space. Any further increase in CO2 will have little to no effect.
  • Deserts and jungles are greening. Crop yields have increased 15 to 20% on average.
  • The oceans are not rising, except for 7 inches a century since the little Ice Age.
  • Ocean acidification is a myth. Oceans are buffered to maintain alkaline pH, not acid.
  • Storms, droughts, floods are not increasing in intensity or frequency.
  • Polar bears and other wildlife are thriving.


Check out my book Perverted Truth Exposed: How Progressive Philosophy has Corrupted Science on Amazon, and earlier posts here on this subject. The book covers some of the basic areas where science has been corrupted or replaced by philosophy disguised as science. The major scientific areas covered are Darwinian Evolution, Origin of Life Theories, Cosmology, Quantum Mechanics as the heart of Particle Physics, and the Climate Change debate.  I present facts and logic to make the point that these areas, regardless of the merit of the theories, are actually based on philosophy, not science, that fits an atheistic, anti-human, progressive political agenda.

Sign up to follow this blog by email and like my Facebook page.

Pennsylvania Legislature Hearing on US Presidential Election Irregularities

Shocking testimony by many sworn and qualified witnesses that indicate fraud and other irregularities.

The video is almost 4 hours long. See Full Transcript Below:

Nov 26, 2020

Pennsylvania Senate Republican Lawmaker Hearing Transcript on 2020 Election

Rudy Giuliani Attends Hearing on Election Pennsylvania

Rev › Blog › Transcripts › Congressional Testimony & Hearing Transcripts › Pennsylvania Senate Republican Lawmaker Hearing Transcript on 2020 Election

Senator Argall: (04:38)
The appointed time having come and gone, let’s ask our state senators and our state representatives to join us. Today’s Senate Majority Policy Committee hearing is the second of our hearings this year designed to help us learn more about the conduct of the 2020 elections in Pennsylvania. Today’s hearing was requested by Senator Doug Mastriano, who in addition to serving the 264,000 residents of the 33rd district in Adams, Cumberland, Franklin and York Counties, also serves as the Chair of the Senate’s Intergovernmental Operations Committee. As Dr. Mastriano can attest, this subject is an excellent example, not of the normal layer-cake model of intergovernmental operations, but of the marble cake model. We have examples of local government, county government, state government, and federal government, all very much involved in the design and conduct of an election, and as we’ve seen, not always in a logical, rational, or understandable model. I have frequently reminded the students in the college classes which I have taught, as well as more recently, our own governor, that senators and representatives and governors are not kings, we’re not judges, we’re not dictators.

The GOP Pennsylvania Senate Policy Committee held a public hearing to discuss 2020 election issues and irregularities on November 25 in Gettysburg, PA. Rudy Giuliani was in attendance at the hearing for Trump’s legal team, and Donald Trump called in on speakerphone. Read the full transcript of the hearing here.

Senator Argall: (06:21)
We are agents of public opinion elected by the people for a fixed term as lawmakers, to provide oversight on behalf of the public, over our government agencies, and of course, as lawmakers. We’re here today because we have all been receiving massive numbers of phone calls and emails and personal comments when we’re out walking our dogs in our neighborhoods, about the conduct of this election. My office has received a record number of contacts, over 25,000 phone calls and emails as of yesterday. We all know that Pennsylvania Secretary of the Commonwealth changed the guidance to election officials the day before the November 3rd election, which added a completely new element of doubt to our process, issues that should have been resolved by the legislature, as recommended by Supreme Court Justice Max Baer, were instead carried out by the Secretary without the approval of the Senate or the House.

Senator Argall: (07:22)
This committee held a similar event in January of 2020, on recent changes to our state’s election laws. At that time, the Secretary of the Commonwealth assured us that this process would be carried out smoothly. The large number of complaints which we have received from our constituents, tells us a very different story. That’s why we’re here today, again, as agents of public opinion. Senator Mastriano and his staff have assembled a number of witnesses who will share their experiences with us regarding the conduct of this year’s election. We look forward to listening to that testimony, but before we turn there, I want to introduce my good friend, our Caucus Administrator, and as of December 1st, our incoming Majority Leader, congratulations to Kim Ward. Thank you for joining us. Please Kim, your statement.

Senator Kim Ward: (08:15)
Thank you, Senator Argall, and thank you, Senator Mastriano, for inviting me to participate in what I think is very, very important to the people of Pennsylvania. As Senator Argall has said, we have been inundated with calls, and emails, and messages in our social media. People are not feeling good nor confident about the process and the results because of that process. The President and his team deserve… This is the President of the United States, not the President of your middle school, school board. We need to make sure that they have the room that they need to explore every avenue, so when this is over, we know that the process, what worked in it, what didn’t work in it, and what we need to do to fix it, and what we may need to do to address it. This has been very, very exhausting and hard on so many in Pennsylvania. And I look forward to listening to what the testifiers and Mr. Giuliani have to say to us today. Thank you very much again, and thank you. Thank you, Senator Mastriano.

Senator Argall: (09:24)
Thank you, Kim. Senator Mastriano, please.

Senator Mastriano: (09:26)
Thank you, Senator Argall and Senator Ward. Thank you for being here and supporting this here. And welcome everybody to this most historic occasion and this most historic town and what happened here in 1863. I think today we’re going to see a turning of the tide because we have not really heard the truth of the arguments made on the other side and what happened and what we’re dealing with, a government and leadership in Harrisburg that wants to close their ears to what’s happened during this election, and sadly, many in the media that are complicit and want to write off what happened. For me, on this battlefield and remembering what happened 137 years ago, and especially 157 years ago last week, where Abraham Lincoln gave his most famous address.

Senator Mastriano: (10:09)
And I think his final sentence captures why we’re here today. He said, “That this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom, and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.” And everything is at stake in what happened during this election cycle, everything, the Republic is at stake. This is no game for us. And for any veteran in this room here, who wore the uniform, such as Brigadier General Scott Perry, thank you for being here sir, put their lives on the line here fighting for our country, and to see that there is a group in this state and country willing to throw away our valuable and precious freedoms here for power. You know, for me… There we go. And Mr. Mayor, it’s going to be a fantastic hearing today. Despite pleas from our citizens, the governor refuses to even consider that there was any shenanigans in the elections here in our state, a state of 13 million people. And he wants a discount because his guy won, that nothing bad happened, and that’s just unacceptable.

Senator Mastriano: (11:20)
If there’s any hint of fraud out there, we need to investigate. Any governor serving the people of this commonwealth, would put aside his petty politics, would put aside his petty politics and find out the truth, if anyone was defrauded. And at this point here, he’s unwilling to do that. Let me point out some hard facts here. We are in Adams County named after our second President, John Adams, who famously said, “Facts are stubborn things.” Let me lay out several of these inconvenient truths as Al Gore would have us think. There have been many allegations of voting law violations across the state and a governor serving the people would have to move heaven and earth to ensure no one was defrauded, but yet he’s not moved to action. And even his Secretary of State of course, says that there was no shenanigans of great concern.

Senator Mastriano: (12:04)
And I will remind everyone that I was a no-vote on the confirmation of Kathleen Boockvar four times because I interacted with her. I asked her, “Why are elections in Afghanistan more secure than in Pennsylvania?” And she sat there and blinked and couldn’t give me a straight answer that elections are more safe and secure in a war-torn country, devastated by conflict since 1979. What is going on here? The place where this all started in 1776 and we can’t get an election right? You got to be kidding me, here. As a result of her inaction, the governor’s inaction, refusal to even look into any of the allegations and to discount the very essential freedoms of our citizens, we are here today to try to find out what the heck happened in the election.

Senator Mastriano: (12:53)
And likewise, our Attorney General, our senior law enforcement official here, instead of being focused on making sure things are lined up and kosher, before one vote was counted in Pennsylvania, the day before the election, declared Biden the winner. There’s nothing to see here. Could you imagine if the shoe was on the other foot? Would the media be so gracious and merciful and kind if it was a Republican? Absolutely not. Houston, we have a problem here. One of the most troubling things in this whole endeavor here, and it’s not just because of the COVID, it’s the lack of transparency and accountability. So we’re here to start shedding light on the darkness. And then of course, we have a Supreme Court that rewrote election law, Act 77 has been painted as a villain. Okay, we could debate that. But the real problem was, is when the Pennsylvania Supreme Court decided they’re going to write legislation and rewrite our law. And because of that, obviously Pennsylvania, we’ve got a lot of problems there and that opened the door to all the shenanigans and abuses and folly that we’re dealing with here in this state this day.

Senator Mastriano: (14:04)
What’s going on here? Thousands of people from across the Commonwealth have reached out to us, tens of thousands, asking and demanding action, they deserve it. And as a result of the inability of our Executive Branch to do their job, we’re stepping in here. We’re co-equal members and we’re going to do our job. We’re looking for transparency and truth. There’s going to be no grand-standing here, we’re after facts. And we’re going to have a good layout here of what happened. And you’re going to have to decide, good people of Pennsylvania, on what happened and whether there’s a strong case we made or not. The forgotten men and women of our great state feel betrayed by their government and I’m with them, I feel the betrayal as well. We undertake these proceedings today to find out what happened and then hopefully to come up with an approach where that never happens again. And the issues are galore, you’re going to hear about poll watchers being denied access, where election software vendors refuse to testify before the General Assembly, what do they got to hide?

Senator Mastriano: (14:59)
Do we expect the people to trust their government? Then we’ve got to earn their trust. And this is no game. And the very Republic very much is at stake. And anyone who loves this country has to put aside their petty, partisan politics and allow the light to shine where it is. And we’re going to find the truth and celebrate it. As a soldier, and now as elected member of the State Senate, I’m not going to stand aside and neither of the members around me are as well. We’re going to fight the good fight for freedom and secure our Republic. Too many good men and women have gone before us, who have given their lives here, and to cast it aside now for power play, is unacceptable, it’s not going to happen. Thank you. [inaudible 00:15:39]. We do our great men and women in uniform, and those who lay down their lives and gave the last full measure of devotion, a great disservice if we stand aside and allow bureaucrats and corrupt politicians to steal their voice and maybe even steal an election, we’ll find out.

Senator Mastriano: (15:58)
John 8:3, thank you, John 8:36 says, that if Jesus sets you free, you’re free indeed. We’re going to walk as free people in Pennsylvania, this is where it all started. We choose this day to walk as free men and women, and honor the sacrifice, not only of Jesus on Calvary, but also in honor of the sacrifice of brave men and women in uniform who fought for and secured our freedoms. We will be relentless in our pursuit of the transparency of accountability and truth. The time for dithering, politics, and games is over. The time for truth and justice is now. In conclusion, as Benjamin Franklin is leaving Constitutional Hall in 1787, he was approached by Mrs. Powell. And Mrs. Powell ran up to him, we surmised she knew him personally, and she said, “Well, Mr. Franklin, what do we have, a monarchy or a Republic?” And he said, “A Republic, if you can keep it.” This is our time to keep this Republic. Thank you and God bless you.

Senator Argall: (16:54)
Thank you. Thanks, Senator Mastriano. [crosstalk 00:17:12]. We turn now to the introductions of our House and Senate members. Let’s begin with our representatives here at this end of the table. Gentlemen, ladies.

Representative Dave Zimmerman: (17:38)
Is it on? Yeah, Representative Dave Zimmerman, serving the Northeast part of Lancaster County.

Representative Greg Rothman: (17:47)
Representative Greg Rothman, 87th District, Cumberland County.

Representative Mike Jones: (17:55)
Representative Mike Jones, 93rd District, York County.

Representative Paul Schimmel: (18:01)
Representative Paul Schimmel, portions of Franklin County.

Representative Rob Coffman: (18:06)
Representative Rob Coffman, 89th District, Northern Franklin County.

Representative Stephanie Borowicz: (18:13)
Representative Stephanie Borowicz from the 76 District. I’m honored to be here fighting for freedom, so thanks.

Senator Judy Ward: (18:24)
Hi, Senator Judy Ward from Blair County, representing Blair, parts of Huntington, parts of Huntington, parts of Franklin County, part of Cumberland County, and all of Fulton County.

Senator Argall: (18:40)
You’ve already met Senator Kim Ward. I believe you know Senator Mastriano.

Senator Mario Scavello: (18:51)
Good afternoon, I’m Senator Mario Scavello from Monroe/North Hampton County, and I could see New Jersey from my district.

Senator Mike Regan: (19:00)
Senator Mike Regan from Cumberland and York County.

State Representative Dan Moul: (19:07)
Good afternoon, State Representative Dan Moul, welcome to my 91st Legislative District.

Senator Frank Ryan: (19:17)
Representative Frank Ryan from Lebanon County, [breakaway 00:00:19:21]. Thank you.

Senator Argall: (19:25)
We are also joined on Zoom, Senator Brooks and Senator Hutchinson from Northwestern Pennsylvania, Senator Yaw from the Williamsport area, Senator Stefano from Southwestern Pennsylvania, Senator Laughlin from Erie, Senator Martin from Lancaster County, Senator Pittman from Indiana County, Senator Pat Brown from the Lehigh Valley. Also, my job as Chairman is to remind our panelists to keep their microphones muted until it is your turn to speak, and also remind everyone to strictly observe our time limits. One other reminder to our senators and witnesses at the request of our Senate attorneys, this is a legislative hearing. Our purpose is to listen to the complaints of our constituents, the oversight of government agencies, and the need for possible legislation. We all need to conduct ourselves accordingly. With that being said, Senator Mastriano, I believe you want to introduce our first witness for 15 minutes and we will hold, to the representatives and senators, so you understand, we will hold all of our questions until the conclusion of the sixth panel.

Senator Mastriano: (20:37)
I would just simply say, welcome to America’s Mayor. Thank you, Mayor Giuliani, for being here. [crosstalk 00:20:53].

Rudy Giuliani: (21:00)
Senators, representatives, Senator Mastriano, and all the distinguished members of the legislature of Pennsylvania, we are very, very honored and very appreciative that you are giving us an opportunity to be heard, which we’ve been denied almost uniformly by the media and by legislatures elsewhere. All we ask is that you listen to the facts that we’re presenting and then evaluate it. I can’t help but note that we’re doing it here in Gettysburg. Over 156 years ago, the fate of our country hung in the balance, right here on this hallowed ground for three relentless days of bloody, close combat between two armies that lost over 50,000 casualties. The fate of our Republic was really decided that we’d be one nation, one union, one government sharing values that are enormously important to us. And I don’t want to overstate it, but I do believe that those values are at stake, not only in this election, but in the way this election was conducted, and what we’re going to do about it. Because if we allow elections in the future to be conducted the way this election was conducted, we will have lost our democracy, our representative democracy.

Rudy Giuliani: (22:27)
During the course of this election, we’ve come pretty close to losing our right to free speech. There’s been censorship that I’ve never seen before, of an incredible nature by big tech, big networks, big companies. They only allow one side to be heard and they refuse to allow the other side to be heard. It’s almost as if they’re afraid the American people, if they should learn these facts, will find out just who they are and what they’re about. This voter fraud that took place, which as you will see from the witnesses that we call, had several dimensions to it, several different ways in which it was done. The most dangerous thing is, it is very, very similar in at least six states that we’ve been able to study. In other words, what we’re going to describe to you with these witnesses, happened in roughly the same way in Michigan, Wisconsin, Nevada, Arizona, and Georgia. Primary device, were the mail-in ballots. You know there was a fierce debate over whether we should have mail-in ballots in the first place.

Rudy Giuliani: (23:52)
Many scholars, many experts, always felt that mail-in ballots were very dangerous because they’re very easy to forge, it leads to more defrauding. We will warned by Justice Souter, among others. We will warned by President Jimmy Carter and former Secretary of State James Baker, in a report that they did on how to make elections more secure. They warned us that the one thing to do is do not go to general mail-in voting because every place it’s been used, it’s led to tremendous fraud. And that was reiterated, believe it or not in an article in the New York times in 2012, an article they have now forgotten they wrote, that explained the same thing. And I think what you’re going to find as you study your mail-in ballot procedure here in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and then in the six other places, this was a terrible mistake and it allowed the leadership of a party that had become pretty expert at voter fraud, to really go wild.

Rudy Giuliani: (25:06)
Witnesses we present are going to first show you that, in the case of Philadelphia, and in the case of Allegheny County, and one or two other counties, the mail-in ballots that were received, were not inspected at all by any Republican, they were hidden from Republicans. In the case of Philadelphia and Allegheny County, I can’t be absolutely certain, but I do believe the witnesses will show that a Republican never got to see a single ballot. Now, you know how important that is to determining whether it is a valid ballot or not. There’s only one time you get to do that and that’s when you separate the envelope that possesses the verifying information from the ballot. The moment you separate them, you can no longer verify. You can’t go back and recount, you can’t go back and check paper ballot against the machine ballot, because it’s a private ballot, it’s an anonymous ballot, we want to keep it that way.

Rudy Giuliani: (26:11)
The only thing that identifies it, is that outer envelope. At that moment, when they’re separated, gone forever. That’s the moment at which inspections have been allowed, time immemorial, in America, Pennsylvania, all of our other 49 states. Several of the witnesses here have been doing this for 20 or 30 years, they’ve never heard of a situation in which the mail-in ballot was just put in without allowing a Republican, a Democrat, even third-party members to take one look at it and object to it, for the very reason that it’s too prone to fraud. Think about this, in your state, Republicans were uniformly not allowed, kept out, put in chutes like they were cows, to keep them away from seeing these ballots. Never happened before. Not only that, the same thing was done in Michigan, the same thing was done in Wisconsin and on and on and on.

Rudy Giuliani: (27:12)
What’s the chance that, on the morning of November 3rd or 4th, when they started the count, that in each one of those places, the Democrat leadership of these highly-controlled Democrat cities, that have some history for corruption, and in the case of Philadelphia, a long history of voter fraud, I could show you the convictions, I don’t think I have to. What are the odds that they’re all going to wake up with the same idea? After years and years of always examining together, absentee ballots, all of a sudden, in a year in which we have a couple million of them per state, we’re not going to allow any Republicans to see them. The person in Philly figures that out, Pittsburgh, Detroit, Milwaukee, Las Vegas, Nevada, or is it more likely that this was a common plan that maybe started with the whole idea of having mail ballots, because it gives you a much wider range to cheat?

Rudy Giuliani: (28:14)
When you had just a small number of absentee ballots, like 400,000, you have a certain range that you can cheat. When you have 250 or 2.5 million, you have a much bigger range to do that. When you hear that testimony about not being allowed to see the ballot, have to understand it’s much more important than just that individual, just that individual ballot. On election night, when I went to sleep, maybe when you did, President Trump was leading in your state by somewhere around 700 to 800,000 votes, depending on when you went to sleep. That’s a huge number of votes, 65% of the vote had been cast. Under normal circumstances, like if this were a fair media, your state would have been called for Trump. Virginia was called with 10% of the vote, it turned out to be separated by 1%.

Rudy Giuliani: (29:09)
I think we may have actually won Virginia, but that’s another battle. Michigan, we were ahead by 300,000 votes, Wisconsin, more. Georgia, we were down to 90% and ahead. What are the odds that they all switched overnight? They just switched by the next day. I think you’re going to see how that happened. And I think there are a couple of statistics that you have to really closely look at. I’ll just mention them and then we’ll move on to the witnesses. We have calculated, and the evidence will show, that there were 682,770 mail-in ballots that were entered into your votes, in just Allegheny County and in Philadelphia, that were not observed by any single Republican. Those ballots could have all been for Joe Biden, they could have all been for someone else, they could have had no identifying data, they could have been from the same person. There could have been multiples of them, there could have been no name on them.

Rudy Giuliani: (30:17)
We have no idea if that’s true and it will be very hard now to kind of put them together. We could ask and you could subpoena all of the outer envelopes. It’d be very interesting to take a look at the 682,770 outer envelopes. It would be very interesting if they were kept, and it would be very interesting to see how many of them weren’t filled out. But in any event, under the law of your state, which is set by you, those ballots are illegal. The judge mistakenly in his opinion, said that we want to disenfranchise 6 million people. We don’t want to disenfranchise anyone, we want to disqualify 682,000 votes so that 74 million people are not disenfranchised, because that’s what happened by the cheating that went on here.

Rudy Giuliani: (31:10)
I’ll give you one other enormously puzzling statistic. You sent out in the State of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, 1,823, 148 absentee or mail-in ballots. You received back 1.4 million, approximately. However, in the count for President, you counted 2.5 million. I don’t know what accounts for that 700,000 difference between the number of ballots you sent out and the number of ballots that ended up in the count. That number, 2,589,242 was on your government website until yesterday. And yesterday, it was removed without explanation. I’m going to be very interested in hearing what the explanation is. And I can’t imagine you could possibly certify without knowing the…

Rudy Giuliani: (32:03)
… Is, and I can’t imagine you could possibly certify without knowing the explanation to that, as well as the explanation to the 22,686 mail-in ballots that were returned on the day they were mailed. That’s a trick. How about 32,591 were returned the day after they were mailed? Another 20,000 were returned before they were mailed. Of course, I think this is a kind of a low count, and I guess, the crooks in Philadelphia are disappointed in this. They only submitted 8,021 ballots from dead people, mail-in ballots for dead people. Probably easier for dead people to submit mail-in ballots than it is to vote in person. You had about 30,000 of those. We’re checking the records of the cemeteries around Philadelphia.

Speaker 1: (33:01)
[inaudible 00:33:02].

Rudy Giuliani: (33:04)
You have 4,984 mail-in ballots that were never requested, and on, and on, and on, and on. Your election, because of these two counties and maybe one other, is a sham. It’s a disgrace to your state. And finally, I don’t need to remind you of this. I think I need to remind America of this. The election for president of United States is not run by the governor of your state. It’s not run by your election commissioner. The United States Constitution makes it clear who has the responsibility for running this election? Article ll, Section 1, Clause 2 of our Constitution doesn’t say that ABC gets to call the winner or CNN. It says, ” Each state shall appoint in such manner as the legislature thereof may direct, a number of electors.” It’s the state legislature that controls this process. It’s your power. It’s your responsibility.

Rudy Giuliani: (34:23)
And I think you know, and you have to convince the rest of your members, Republican and Democrat, they owe that to the people of your state, and they owe that to the people of the United States. Because if this happens without consequence, if they can just enter 600,000 some odd mail-in ballots without allowing a single Republican to view it, what’s to say that next time, they won’t do a million or 2 million? I know crooks really well. You give them an inch, and they take a mile. And you give them a mile, and they take your whole country. So, now, we’ll proceed with the witnesses.

Senator Argall: (35:14)
Thank you. Thank you very much, Mr. Giuliani. I’ve been informed that we have also been joined on Zoom by Senator Kristin Phillips-Hill, Representative Dawn Keefer, Representative Barb Gleim from central Pennsylvania, Representative Daryl Metcalfe from Butler County, and Senator Langerholc from Johnstown area. Senator Mastriano, would you like to introduce our next panel for the, it looks to me like several people for 15 minutes as well.

Senator Mastriano: (35:46)
Yes. Thank you, Senator Argall. Our witnesses, first off, Jen Ellis, you have any comments for the floor?

Jen Ellis: (35:55)
Thank you.

Senator Mastriano: (35:58)
Thank you. Legal advisor to President Trump.

Jen Ellis: (36:00)
Thank you very much. And I’ll reserve my comments for the end, and I would just echo everything that the mayor so eloquently stated. Thank you very much.

Senator Mastriano: (36:09)
Thank you. This is the revised list here. We’d like to call forth Justin Kweder from Philadelphia. Justin, are you here?

Justin Kweder: (36:18)
I’m here.

Senator Mastriano: (36:19)
Okay, outstanding. If you can come up to the table, please, my friend. And Kim [Peterson 00:36:24] out of Pittsburgh. Kim, are you here?

Kim Peterson: (36:27)
Yes. Right here.

Senator Mastriano: (36:27)
Come forth, please. We have a seat for you here. I guess [inaudible 00:36:32].

Senator Argall: (36:31)
We were going to do four.

Senator Mastriano: (36:35)
Okay. [Leah 00:04:36]? Leah [Hoops 00:04:38]. Where are you, Leah? Please come forth. Kayla, could you push those two chairs over? Thank you. And that American flag is mine. If you set it on the table, I’d appreciate it. Thanks. And then Greg [Stenstrom 00:36:54] from Delaware County. You’re zooming in, I believe.

Speaker 2: (36:57)
No, he’s here.

Senator Mastriano: (36:57)
Oh, he’s there? Yeah, of course. I met you. Come on over, brother. [inaudible 00:37:03] Okay.

Senator Argall: (37:02)
Okay. If you can among yourselves, please divide up the next 15 minutes. And again, we’ll hold off questions until the end. Please begin.

Speaker 3: (37:22)
[inaudible 00:00:37:20]. Okay, he’s next to her. Okay.

Justin Kweder: (37:24)
I’ll start. Thank you, Senators and Representatives for inviting me to this important hearing. My name is Justin C. Kweder, K-W-E-D-E-R. I am a resident and registered voter in the city and county of Philadelphia. I’m an attorney. I am barred here in the Commonwealth. I am a volunteer certified GOP canvas observer. I was present at the Philadelphia Convention Center during the pre-canvas, canvas processing, and counting of the ballots cast in this year’s general election. I was first present as an observer at the convention center and at the count on election day. I returned as a volunteer observer to watch the process every day for the next 10 days. I’d approximate I was there for about 85 hours over those 10 days.

Justin Kweder: (38:14)
Part of the reason that I kept going back was so that I could authoritatively speak about what I saw. And again, thank you for letting me be here because what I saw was problematic, to say the least. I can tell you that I am an eyewitness to many issues and irregularities that were observed in Philadelphia with the processing and counting of the vote. I was a witness to too many issues and irregularities to cover in a brief opening statement. And as such, I will now focus on just two issues that I did personally observe.

Justin Kweder: (38:47)
First, the Philadelphia Board of Elections processed hundreds of thousands of mail-in ballots with zero civilian oversight or observation. The mail-in ballots were handled processed, opened, and counted in a Hall F of the convention center. Hall F is a vast room, approximately 350 feet by 350 feet. That’s about 120,000 square feet. The Board of Elections erected a fence approximately 50 feet into the hall that ran the length of the room. All observers were corralled behind the fence. More than a hundred board workers processed and opened mail-in ballots on the other side of the fence. These masked workers were arranged throughout the 120,000 square feet at a distance from the observers of about 10 feet to more than 200 feet away from us. Unlike what some may have reported in the media, the vast majority, and I’d estimate it at, at least, 96% of the board workers were processing mail-in ballots 15 to 200 plus feet from us.

Justin Kweder: (39:54)
Due to the distance of the workers from the erected fences, it was impossible for me or any observer to see what the workers were doing with any type of specificity. The observers were not able to challenge any decision or determination being made about the processing of these mail-in ballots. No civilian oversight over hundreds of thousands of mail-in ballots, zero opportunity for observers to observe, challenge, or inspect the mail-ins being opened. I find this to be an issue and to be irregular.

Justin Kweder: (40:26)
Move on to the second point, the pink highlighted duplicate ballots, which I haven’t heard about, at least not in the media. As the weeks progressed, the observers were informed that the board was going to be duplicating damaged mail-in ballots that could not be read by the scanners. I was told that there were more than 5,000 of these damaged ballots. I was also told that the actual number was unknown. It could be much higher. The process for duplicating these ballots was for two to work as a pair, one worker reading out loud what was marked on the original damaged ballot, and the second worker using a pink highlighter to mark the choice on the duplicate ballot.

Justin Kweder: (41:06)
The board’s plan, then, was to run the pink highlighted ballots through the scanners where they would be counted as votes. The board workers did this pink highlighter duplication work over the course of a couple days until thousands of ballots were duplicated with these pink highlighters. On Thursday, November 12th, the observers were informed that the pink highlighter could not be read by the scanners. They all had to be done again. All of the duplicated mail-in ballots had to be fixed. And the Philadelphia Board of Elections’ solution to this problem was to give the workers who were working alone, individually, stacks of hundreds of what amounted to blank mail-in ballots. And the workers, individually, were to fill in the correct highlighted ovals with dark pen, no observation.

Justin Kweder: (41:54)
They were marking thousands of blank mail-in ballots. The workers did this double recreation work for hours before the observers realized what was going on because we weren’t told what was going on. Only when the observers confronted the deputy commissioner about this irregularity was a system set up where the workers would show the observers each double recreated mail-in ballot by flashing it at them for a second, from a distance of 6 to 20 feet away, for as good as that was. Thousands of mail-in ballots were ultimately counted in this way. Again, I find this to be an issue and to be irregular. As Senator Mastriano recently said, elections are a fundamental principle of our democracy. Unfortunately, Pennsylvanians have lost faith in the electoral system and quote… And let me add a quote that Philadelphia City Commissioner of Elections Al Schmidt just made when he said, about these recent elections in Philadelphia that, “These were the most secure and transparent elections in Philadelphia’s history.” Now, I wasn’t around for every election in Philadelphia’s history, but I can tell you, as an eyewitness, for 10 days, for more than 80 hours, what I saw was not a secure and transparent election. There are major concerns about the legitimacy of hundreds of thousands of ballots that were counted in Philadelphia.

Justin Kweder: (43:25)
Excuse me. All right. Let me finish with this. May I suggest to you that any restoration of faith on the part of Pennsylvanians in our electoral system can and will only be accomplished after an investigation into this election, only after the law is properly applied to this election. The idea that we can just move on by making sure that the law is properly applied in the next election is, in my opinion, unacceptable. The issues, irregularities, and illegitimacy of what I saw leads me to conclude that the laws of the Commonwealth and of the United States were not being followed in Philadelphia when hundreds of thousands of ballots were counted in this year’s general election. Action must be taken now to maintain our free and fair elections and to preserve and protect our election’s integrity. I look forward to answering any questions that you may have. Thank you.

Kim Peterson: (44:30)
Good afternoon. My name is Kim Peterson, and I appreciate that I’m here today. Thank you all for having me here today. I’m from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. And I am here to tell you what I witnessed as a canvasser, where the warehouse where they opened the mail-in ballots and separate them from the envelopes as we have been discussing. The afternoon of Election Day, I went down to the warehouse to be a canvasser, as a Republican representative, to be able to watch them open the mail-in ballots. And as the gentlemen, Justin, just described, as I was led back to the area where we were able to view them opening the mail-in ballots, we were kept in a corral that was at least 15 to 20 feet from any of the representatives. And that was the closest people opening the ballots. There were people that were 50, 100 feet from us. The closest was 20 feet, about, and you could not see, at all, the envelope, the ballot itself, where they were stacking them, anything that was required that we were able to be able to see.

Kim Peterson: (45:43)
There were also monitors up around the area. The monitors were pathetic, to be honest. They were fuzzy, looked like they were using old technology, as far as… We have the most clearest televisions created in the world now. And these were probably from the ’60s. You’re looking at all these multiple cameras, screenshots put together of people opening ballots, but you could not even see at all or witness anything if any misdoing or anything going wrong. It was very discouraging, on my part. I was very much looking forward to being a part of that, that day, and representing myself and Pennsylvanians in a fair election. And I was, I guess, discouraged about it. I love this country, and I love Pennsylvania. I was not born and raised in Pennsylvania, but I have been here for 30 years, and it is very important to me that this election be fair. And thank you again for having me.

Leah Hoops: (47:05)
Excuse me. My name is Leah Hoops. I’m from Delaware County, Pennsylvania. I was a poll watcher on the day of election, and I was also present at the counting center in Chester, Pennsylvania. First and foremost, thank you to this committee and all those involved, and especially, Senator Mastriano and former mayor, Rudy Giuliani. To our fearless and brave president, thank you for being our shield and putting us first, and I am forever grateful. It is an absolute honor to be a part of this hearing and to finally have an opportunity to speak about what took place in Delaware County, Pennsylvania. I feel, as an American, that is my duty to help protect the integrity of our elections, not just for me, but for every American. There are many who have lost life and limb for my right to vote. I want to give a brief introduction and history of how I got involved in this election.

Leah Hoops: (47:51)
Four years ago, Donald Trump came down an escalator, and I knew that he was here to take back our country. I was born and raised in Delaware County in a conservative home. I was taught from an early age to love thy neighbor, defend your country, and by all means, always speak the truth. I took those values throughout my life and applied them in every avenue possible, which brings me up to the present. And about 18 months ago, I became a volunteer and assisted with a campaign for a magisterial judge. In that process, I was approached by my current chairman and became an appointed committee woman for the Bethel township Republican party. In conjunction with my committee position, I also started volunteering for the Trump campaign, registering voters, and assisting with events. During this time, I started a watchdog group and reached out to the Thomas More Society.

Leah Hoops: (48:36)
Now, associates, we’ve been focusing our efforts in election integrity. Our greatest efforts have been in following closely, the newly-elected, and completely Democrat-run Delaware County Council, and the Democrat Majority Election Board. This also includes any and all contractors, support staff, and any key players involved. What we found was actually concerning. Not only was private grant money used from the center for tech and life owned by Google and Mark Zuckerberg, but pop-up voter sites were also approved. These pop-up voter sites were placed in heavily Democrat cities, including Chester and Upper Darby, Pennsylvania, in which case the grant money from the CTCL was used to pay for electioneering. It was literally a one-stop shop. Walk in, apply, get your ballot, submit, and you were out the door. But where this didn’t take place was in heavily Republican and independent areas. Let’s also make note that the voting machine warehouse supervisor is a Bernie Sanders delegate, who was also solely responsible for every scanner, machine, V card, and all machines with absolutely zero experience in this area. The real story is the $2.1 million spent to move a counting center [Inaudible 00:50:18] Okay. Hello? Okay. Sorry. Sorry. I forgot where I was. Okay, so the real story is the $2.1 million spent to move the counting center from the courthouse to Media, Pennsylvania, which is something that has been done for decades, to the wharf in Chester, Pennsylvania. Let me explain to you the layout of the counting center. It is in the middle of a huge parking lot, which sits back on Seaport Drive next to loading docks. It has multimillion dollar connections to the company, Power HRG and Subaru Park Soccer Stadium. The counting center was on the first floor, in which there were multiple places to bring in ballots in and out of elevators in many rooms in which workers had access. I was there for three straight days.

Leah Hoops: (50:56)
What became of concern was the backroom, which had no observers, no line-of-sight or transparency into the process. There was no cooperation, complete resistance from election night and every day after. It took until our lawyer got an injunction to get into that back room in which pre-canvassing was transpiring. Even with an injunction, which was a joke, we were granted five minutes every two hours. And the setup was sitting in a chair 20 feet from any physical ballot. I truly wish I had enough time today to recreate what I witnessed and felt during those moments. But we did not gather here today just for me and my experience, but rather a collection of experiences from Americans like myself. What I hope to achieve is for the public to understand is that we have stuck our necks out, have been intimidated, threatened, bullied, have spent countless hours away from our families, friends, and jobs.

Leah Hoops: (51:51)
We have signed affidavits under penalty of perjury, which should be consideration enough to know that this is a very serious issue. I’m here for one thing only, and that is to speak the truth. This is not about party. This is about my country. Every American deserves transparency, truth, and be able to question those in power without fear of intimidation, bullying, or backlash. I hope this committee takes action, if needed, and justice will be swift to anyone involved in fraudulent activity. The Republic is angry, disgruntled, tired, beaten up, and ready to defend this country.

Audience: (52:27)

Leah Hoops: (52:27)
Thank you. Without election integrity, we are just another Banana Republic. I thank you again for your time, efforts, and service. And it is an honor to be here and to be part of a historical moment. Thank you.

Gregory Stenstrom: (52:54)
It’s a tough group to follow. My name is Gregory Stenstrom. I’m from Delaware County. I’m a father, a family man. I was a former commanding officer, an executive officer in the Navy. I’m a veteran of foreign wars. I’m a CEO of my own private company. I’m a data scientist. I’m a forensic computer scientist. I’m an expert in security and fraud. Leah had recruited me for this election, and I was glad. I thank you for that.

Leah Hoops: (53:24)
Thank you.

Gregory Stenstrom: (53:25)
So, for the first part of the day, I was a poll watcher in the city of Chester. And I was with just another former US Marine officer. And the two of us were the only GOP poll watchers in the city of Chester, which is about 40,000 people. Because of the consolidation for COVID, there were seven polls that we were able to make it to in 22 precincts. What we saw out there was pretty orderly and exciting. People were excited to vote. One of the things we saw out in the field was that quite a few people had done mail-in ballots. So, they came in, and they hadn’t been updated in the Delaware County database yet. So, they would come in and say, “The database is not showing me on the database. I’d like to vote.”

Gregory Stenstrom: (54:16)
One of the processes was to give them a provisional ballot, and then, they would vote provisionally. And then, later on, their vote would be sorted out. That didn’t happen. I observed, and the gentleman that was with me, observed seven different polls where the people were given a regular ballot. So, they cast a vote and put it in. We let it happen a few times. We didn’t jump all over them. It happened a couple of times. We went up. In all cases, the election judges were very forthcoming, very polite. They apologized, and they said they couldn’t do it. But that somewhat spurred me to go down to the counting center, which Leah described. It’s on the Seaport Ave. It’s a remote building, not much around it. And I wanted to take a look. All day long, I had been told that there were 10 to 20 GOP poll watchers down there, and that everything was well in hand. And out of curiosity, I decided to go down.

Gregory Stenstrom: (55:17)
I arrived at 6:00 with four other gentlemen, again, foreign military and some good citizens from Delaware County. And we weren’t allowed to get in until 11: 00 at night, and we had to get some legal help to get us in. So, it took us five hours to get upstairs. After that, what I saw is, I really think the crux of this in Delaware County is… As an expert in this, I think it’s impossible to verify the validity of about 100,000 to 120,000 votes. Now, Delaware County has got 425,000 registered voters. Approximately 300,000 of them voted. I don’t know what the exact number ended up. Mayor Giuliani nailed that number. But of that number, over 100,000 are in question in my mind. What I saw, as a forensics expert, was an election process that was forensically destructive in the manner it was conducted with the envelopes being separated from the ballots and going to the other side of the room. And the problem with that from being forensically destructive is that when you go to do a recount, okay, the machines did a pretty good job of recounting.

Gregory Stenstrom: (56:37)
So, if I have 120,000 ballots, mail-in ballots at one side of the room and envelopes at the other side of the room is still going to come out 100, 2,000 votes for Vie President Biden and 18,000 votes for President Trump. I don’t care how many times you recount those votes. The ballot’s going to come out the same every time. So, the notion of a recount in a forensically destructive process is, it doesn’t work very well. What we saw there, what I saw there was a chain of custody. In all cases, it was broken. It was broken for the mail-in ballots, the drop box ballots, the election day USBV card flash drives. In all cases, the chain of custody and the procedures that were defined by the Delaware County Board of Elections and election process review were all… They didn’t follow one.

Gregory Stenstrom: (57:28)
I couldn’t even redline this multi-page document because the entire document would be they didn’t follow any of the procedures. So, I personally observed USBV cards being uploaded to the voting machines by the voting machine warehouse supervisor on multiple occasions. I saw this personally. I brought it to the attention of the deputy sheriff, who was there, stationed, who was a senior law enforcement officer. And I brought it to the attention of the clerk of elections. I brought it to their attention. I objected. And I said, “This person is not being observed. He’s not part of the process that I can see.” And he’s walking in with baggies, which we have pictures of, and it was submitted in our affidavits. And he was sticking these USBs into the machines. So, I personally witnessed, that happened 24 times, over 24 times. We have multiple other witnesses that saw it, including Democrat poll watchers.

Gregory Stenstrom: (58:31)
And I was told the next day by the solicitors… Well, actually, not the solicitor, but the attorney that we had secured, that they said, “Every election, they leave a couple of USBs in the voting machines, and they’re brought back. And generally, the warehouse manager comes over and puts them in.” So, in talking to the US Attorney General McSwain and other law enforcement officers, I found out that was not the case, that generally, more than two is unusual. So, they denied they did it. But as of today, 47 USBV cards are missing, and they’re nowhere to be found. So, I was told personally that these 24 to 30 cards that were uploaded weren’t there. Those cards, I demanded that they… They didn’t update the vote lifetime. They only updated it about once every two or three hours.

Gregory Stenstrom: (59:33)
I demanded they updated the vote so I could see what the result was, and it was 50,000 votes. And I think as a computer scientist, an American, and a Patriot, it doesn’t matter who those 50,000 votes were. I’ll tell you they were for Vice President Biden. But what was shocking to me, as an American, as someone who has gone to sea, gone to war that that could even happen. So, several other things that came up was on Thursday, it took us three days for them to obey the court order that I secured with Leah’s help and the help of the Thomas More Society, who we thank. Incredibly good patriots. They got us in there. They got the order for us to get in and look at the back offices, which were locked, for five minutes every two hours. I went in. I was the first one allowed to go in at 1:30 on Thursday, and then, again at 3:30 for five minutes.

Gregory Stenstrom: (01:00:42)
The County solicitor had a stopwatch. On the first time, I was not allowed to touch anything. The second time, I did. What I observed in the locked room in the back office was 70,000 unopened mail-in ballots. They were in boxes of 500 stacked in neatly. The gentlemen that came in with me was a Democrat poll watcher, is a forensic pathologist, a very detailed, very dedicated man. And he took meticulous notes as well. And I verified with him, “Are you seeing what I’m seeing?” We both agreed, as GOP poll watchers and a Democrat poll watcher, that we had a witnessed 60 to 70,000. We had a little bit of a disagreement there. The problem with that was by that time, the mail-in ballots had already been counted.

Gregory Stenstrom: (01:01:37)
So, 120,000 mail-in ballots had already been counted, posted, and done. My question is, where did the 70,000 ballots go? And nobody knows. We have a picture in here of a large number of boxes that I took that were filled with what appeared to be ballots sitting by the BlueCrest machine. They were there for about three hours, and then, they disappeared. I thought it notable when I watched it, the first when taking the ballots up and down. I said, “I am an expert in fraud.” I saw the ballots going up multiple elevators and racks. And I think a lot of well-meaning people and a lot of honest people were there doing that. They were trying to participate in the process. And I would say that 99% of the people there, the way the process was designed, I believe that people thought it was a non-fraudulent process.

Gregory Stenstrom: (01:02:34)
I heard that said many times. I said, “There’s no fraud going on here.” I said, “Well, I’m not…” I didn’t even bring that up. But I think people saw what they wanted to see, and they saw what was intended for them to see. I called it, at one point, Kabuki theater. I said, “It was all designed for us to see it. It was entertaining. There were cameras on it.” When we finally got into the back room where the votes were being ingested, as a data scientist, I want to see where the data’s coming in. And I wanted to know the universe of the votes. Well, the universe of the votes was only supposed to be 120,000 mail-in ballots. We were told there were 6,000 ballots remaining. So, I said, “Okay, we have a universe of 126,000 votes.” And then, when I get back there, the universe wasn’t 126,000 votes. The universe was 200,000 votes. So, that’s a problem.

Gregory Stenstrom: (01:03:28)
A couple of other things is, the BlueCrest sorter machine was only manned by one person. People ask me all the time, “How do people commit crimes?” I know there’s a lot of theories here. And I always look for the simplest thing. People are sticking USB sticks in, putting ballots in, very simple thing. Only takes a couple of people. It doesn’t take a big conspiracy. I think people look at things, and they use inflammatory words, like fraud and so forth. As a forensic computer scientist, my interest is in the data. Where did it go? Where…

Gregory Stenstrom: (01:04:03)
My interest is in the data. Where did it go? Where did the spoilers go? How did the data come in and go out of the system? So I think as a scientist we need to look at that and we need to audit that. What was really upsetting to me, most upsetting, was I had spoke to multiple law enforcement agencies and literally begged multiple law enforcement agencies, I said, “Go in.” And I said in order to prove that nothing’s happening and either exonerate yourselves from the process or refute what I’m saying, please, it’s a very simple process, just go get the forensic evidence from the computers. It’s a simple process, you turn the computer off, it’s nondestructive, takes moments, maybe half an hour, 20 minutes, to do it properly and collect the evidence. You open the computer up, you take a device called a bit blocker, you put it in the hard drive, it’s done under the observation of law enforcement officers, you take a forensic image of the drive, put it all back together, it wouldn’t have taken more than an hour to image all five machines. That was never done, despite my objections and that was three weeks ago.

Gregory Stenstrom: (01:05:15)
Lastly, when they said, “Well we’ve got all the forensic records and so forth,” we just learned two days ago that virtual all chain of custody logs, records, yellow sheets, everything, was gone. All forensic evidence, all custody sheets in [inaudible 01:05:39] County are gone. They had a signing party where they sat down and poll workers were invited back to recreate those logs and our understanding is as of today, was that they were unsuccessful in getting them all. So we have a situation in where we have 100,000 to 120,000 ballots, both mail in and USB, that are in question. Now there’s no cure for this, there’s no remedy for this. As a home charter we could have a re-election in Delaware County for our own representatives within our own town. But there is no cure for that for the president of the United States. And I don’t believe, as a citizen and an observer to this, that anybody could certify that vote in any good conscience.

Gregory Stenstrom: (01:06:33)
And if the democrats, that have a part of this process, had done things, followed their own procedures, which they created almost unilaterally, we would be in a situation where they could exonerate themselves and they could say, “Mr. [inaudible 01:06:49], you’ve been misinformed. We have evidence here that refutes what you say.” But that’s not the case. They can’t do that. So I say if you can’t certify that vote, and you can’t certify 100,000 votes out of 300,000, then you can’t certify Delaware County. And I’m done and thank you for your time and patience.

Speaker 4: (01:07:11)
Thank you all to this panel. Before I have Senator Mastriano introduce the next 15 minute panel, I want to note that we’ve also been joined on Zoom by Representative Kathy Rap from Northwestern Pennsylvania. Doug?

Doug Mastriano: (01:07:31)
Thank you, panelists. If you can stay in the area we’re going to bring up the next group here. We’re going to save questions and answers for the end. Mr. Mayor, I understand my list might not be synchronized. I’m going to ask you to introduce the next folks coming up to testify. If you could pass the mic to the mayor, somebody. Thank you all.

Rudy Giuliani: (01:07:51)
We could call up four more witnesses like this or we could now put on the statistical expert who could explain some of this and then put on the additional witnesses. Either way you prefer. Okay then we’ll call Colonel Waldron. And if you don’t mind, if I can interrupt and ask him a few questions, can probably get it directed. It’s good for me to do that because I don’t understand it. I’m only kidding. Colonel, please introduce yourself.

Phil Waldron: (01:08:46)
Good afternoon Senator, Colonel and gentlemen, ladies. My name is Phil Waldron. I’m a retired Army Colonel, 30 years. I spent the first half of my career just like Colonel Mastriano here as a calvary officer conducting armed reconnaissance, counter reconnaissance. Last half of my career spent in information warfare as a psychological operations officer and information operations officer, conducted computer network operations, electronic warfare, special electronic warfare, deception, counter deception and op sec and a couple of other specialties.

Phil Waldron: (01:09:28)
[inaudible 01:09:28] He’s still got stets in his purse. So I spent all of my time as an operations officer. My perspective looking at this problem set is how to break in, how to break it, how to destroy it, how to manipulate it. And my team has been researching this specific issue since August but we’re working with another team that’s been intently working on this problem set, the voting machine manipulation, for two years, since the Ted Cruz and Beto race in Texas in 2018 and the Kentucky governor’s race where there was significant anomalies observed. And I like to add that there are many, many more teams like ours. Small teams that are joined in this fight and they’re throwing the flag left and right so there’s a lot of folks who are recognizing anomalies.

Phil Waldron: (01:10:24)
The voting systems in the US and in Pennsylvania were built to be manipulated. They’ve been used in elections around the world, in stolen elections around the world, in Venezuela, Italy, Argentina, Singapore, Bolivia as close as two weeks ago. Philadelphia uses ESNS, Pittsburgh uses Dominion, other counties in Pennsylvania use Dominion and other systems so what’s the real deal? All these election systems have a common DNA. SGO Smartmatic sold Sequoia voting systems to Dominion in 2010 and then the Debold company spun off Premier Election systems to Dominion as the result of an anti-trust suit. So the bottom line is that these systems have similar code and similar functions. And just so you know, I know there have been statements to the contrary but I personally debriefed the son of a Cuban intelligence officer who had first hand knowledge of Hugo Chavez’s family members who told him not to worry about the populous threat against Moduro’s election in Venezuela. “That it was guaranteed. Their father invested the money to build the SGO voting machine system.” So I have no reason to doubt this gentleman, he’s sworn an affidavit to this effect. But that’s the root of the SGO voting machines.

Phil Waldron: (01:11:49)
So these systems are not what you’ve been told. They are connected to the internet and servers outside of the US. They’re connected from the top to the bottom and the middle. There is no transparency, as our previous witnesses mentioned, as to how the voter information is processed, how and where it’s stored. The voting record is able to be modified and/or deleted by operators, administrators and outside threats. Operators can assign votes for write in ballots, blank ballots or error ballots in large numbers so that they can be directed toward one candidate or another at the operator’s or supervisor’s discretion. Many experts have published how easily these machines can be hacked to manipulate votes. As a matter of fact, one of our white hat hackers previously discovered a malware that’s present on the servers that captures every log in and every password of every operator down to the precinct level that logs into one of these systems. That’s just like giving the password to your bank account out, putting it on the dark web. It’s not going to be there very long.

Phil Waldron: (01:12:58)
And just so you probably all are aware, on 30 September, an election storage facility was robbed in your state. 30 USB devices were stolen and a laptop. Those USB devices more than likely had encryption devices and you just heard another previous witness talk about the nonstandard use of the USB storage devices.

Phil Waldron: (01:13:25)
So these systems, in a nutshell, allow authorized and unauthorized users to cancel votes, shift votes, preload votes, vote blank ballots, all in real time and in large numbers. They’re connected from the top to the bottom. So one bad actor or a team of bad actors can have equally negative influence. It’s been described by a person in another state that we’re working with, just like the lotto. Whoever organizes the lotto is always going to win. It’s controlling the numbers and it’s controlling the margins. Our experts and other academics believe that up to 1.2 million Pennsylvania votes could have been altered or fraudulent. This is what we discovered in the last 22 days. Really only a detailed forensic analysis of the actual machines and software will truly show how many Pennsylvania citizens have had their civil rights violated.

Phil Waldron: (01:14:24)
So to use these type of machines with little or no audit trails, little or no transparency of how the votes are processed, where they go, where they’re stored, will never leave the public satisfied that we truly have a representative democracy. I’d like to correct something the mayor said, I am not a statistician. I’m a combat officer and didn’t do well in math. But I can understand the numbers that he put out earlier.

Phil Waldron: (01:14:55)
I want to share with you one chart, I believe it’s in your package. So what our team has done is focused on the spike anomalies. And these are events where a numerical amount of votes are processed in a time period that’s not feasible or mechanically possible under normal circumstances. I believe Greg Stinstrom mentioned earlier, the processing of these ballots through machines, there’s a manufacturer specified rate of speed that a number of ballots can be imaged and processed. These spike anomalies in this chart really show where for us to look forensically to actually determine what happened with these votes. Our team has looked at these systems and there are a dozen ways to interdict the voting process, whether it’s mail in ballot manipulations, they can scan and allocate blank votes, whether it was a 70,000 votes left in the back room. There’s just lots of ways to interdict these systems.

Phil Waldron: (01:16:11)
So with that I’ll answer any potential questions.

Doug Mastriano: (01:16:14)
Thank you, next panel please.

Rudy Giuliani: (01:16:16)
Can I just ask him to clarify one or two things? When we look at this Pennsylvania fixing the vote chart that they all have, could you explain at the very beginning what that line means, Biden injection?

Phil Waldron: (01:16:37)
so at the very beginning of the chart where there’s a circle it says on election day, what that indicates is there is a spike in loaded votes, 337,000 plus or minus some votes that were added in there in one big batch. So that was an anomaly in the reporting. Normally you would expect to see a smooth curve going up, not any big spikes. That’s kind of what Greg was talking about, the anomalies of loading and uploading those votes. So that big spike that occurs there is a prime indicator of fraudulent voting.

Rudy Giuliani: (01:17:20)
And that’s 604,000 votes in 90 minutes, is that right?

Phil Waldron: (01:17:25)
Correct. This is 337,000 votes.

Rudy Giuliani: (01:17:29)
In that period of time?

Phil Waldron: (01:17:33)

Rudy Giuliani: (01:17:34)
And when you look at this entire curve, with all these spikes, can you calculate how much of a vote that accounted for for Biden and how much for Trump?

Phil Waldron: (01:17:46)
Close to 600,000. I think our figures were about 570-some odd thousand that all those spikes represented over time.

Rudy Giuliani: (01:17:53)
For Biden?

Phil Waldron: (01:17:54)

Rudy Giuliani: (01:17:54)
And how much for Trump?

Phil Waldron: (01:17:56)
I think it was a little over 3,200.

Rudy Giuliani: (01:18:04)
Now, just to go back to your original document, this one pager that they all have. Mail in ballots counted without being observed, those were the ballots we were talking about that were not observed in Alleghany County and in Philadelphia, is that right?

Phil Waldron: (01:18:24)

Rudy Giuliani: (01:18:24)
682,770. Now this is the part that is a mystery. Mailed ballots sent out, 1,823,148. But when you go to the count of the final count of the vote, there were 2,589,242 mail in ballots. What happened? How do you account for the 700,000 mail in ballots that appeared from nowhere?

Phil Waldron: (01:19:01)
So our cyber team uses white hat hacking techniques. They gather a lot of publicly available information and that information was from the Secretary of State’s website. That website has been updated as late as 11:16 this morning with provisional mail in ballots so those numbers are still changing. They changed last night so it’s a continual target.

Rudy Giuliani: (01:19:29)
It’s 22 days after the election.

Phil Waldron: (01:19:31)
That number, the 2.5 million number is no longer on the website.

Rudy Giuliani: (01:19:39)
It’s just been taken off?

Phil Waldron: (01:19:41)
It’s not there anymore.

Rudy Giuliani: (01:19:42)
Is there any explanation for why it’s been taken off?

Phil Waldron: (01:19:44)
There is no indications.

Rudy Giuliani: (01:19:46)
But has there been a change made in the 2,589,242 mail in votes that have been counted in the total vote.

Phil Waldron: (01:19:58)
I’d have to check the Secretary of State’s website as of after 11:15.

Rudy Giuliani: (01:20:00)
And could you also check and see is there any change in the 1,823,148 ballots that were sent out?

Phil Waldron: (01:20:10)
The mailed out ballots number seems to be holding steady.

Rudy Giuliani: (01:20:14)
And was there any other method of producing ballots other than sending them out?

Phil Waldron: (01:20:21)
Not that we’re aware of unless, as previous witnesses has testified, the potential for multiple ballot counts. So the ballots could have been counted twice.

Rudy Giuliani: (01:20:31)
And have you ever gotten the chance to examine any of these ballots?

Phil Waldron: (01:20:34)
No. That would be part of the forensic process. One suggestion, whoever does the analysis, is using paper and ink analysis of the micro photo spectrometer. That would analyze the ink on those ballots to see if they were mass produced.

Rudy Giuliani: (01:20:53)
So in addition to the 682,770 ballots that were entered without a single inspection of any kind, there also appear to be something like 700,000 mail in ballots that were never sent out that were counted.

Phil Waldron: (01:21:14)
There are noted discrepancies.

Rudy Giuliani: (01:21:17)
That’s a pretty big discrepancy.

Phil Waldron: (01:21:19)
Yes, sir.

Rudy Giuliani: (01:21:19)
And that’s been there.

Doug Mastriano: (01:21:22)
Thank you. We do have to press on to the next panel since we have a lot of questions we’re attending here. Mr. Mayor, could you introduce the next panelist?

Rudy Giuliani: (01:21:29)
So now we have Jane Winters, Gary Phelman, who’s going to be on Zoom. Is he here? Then have him come.

Doug Mastriano: (01:21:42)
Please come up as you’re called.

Rudy Giuliani: (01:21:44)
I believe Charles Nudo, N-U-D-O. And David Stisogis. I think I have them all. I think I have them all.

Doug Mastriano: (01:22:08)
Thank you, gentlemen. We’ll start with the men physically in the room here with your testimony then go to the Zoom after that. So please.

Gary Phelman: (01:22:15)
Thank you, Senator. My name is Gary Phelman. I am a resident and voter of Philadelphia City and County. I’m registered as a republican. I have been involved with [inaudible 01:22:27] republican politics for over 20 years now. I’ve had watcher certificates and on this past November 3, 2020, I was issued a watcher certificate to be the watcher for President Donald Trump. This is the watcher certificate that I was given and it is issued for President Donald Trump to me.

Gary Phelman: (01:22:58)
These watcher certificates, I’m not sure the exact year, I’m going to say about 2002 or 2003, are now for county wide. So everywhere in the county the watcher certificate is good for. So [inaudible 01:23:14], is city and county so this watcher certificate which reads, “This certificate authorized the individual to watch in any ward or division in Philadelphia.” And that’s the top line. If you want to see the watch certificate I’ll gladly bring it up.

Gary Phelman: (01:23:32)
So anyway, I was in my vehicle as volunteering for the president with an attorney and he was monitoring any kind of problems that could happen in Philadelphia. His name was Will Chamberlain and he was pretty good on Twitter and other social media stuff. So we got a word that they were not letting republican watchers in the poling places in South Philly. So we went to a place, which happened to be a funeral parlor, where they were doing the election and I walked in with the watcher’s certificate in both hands to make sure they wouldn’t snag it out of my hand. They immediately wanted me to identify myself. One of the problems that happens is republican watcher certificates are this gold/orangey color where the democrats are a light blue. I’ve never really seen one but I’ve heard they’re light blue. So they knew right away that we’re republicans coming in there to watch.

Gary Phelman: (01:24:47)
So two poll workers, I don’t know who they were, they were wearing masks and everything, I produced the certificate and she started saying, “It’s not good here.” And I’m like it is. And I said, “Please read the top line.” The gentleman that was with her said, “Would you like to go outside and talk about this?” I was not looking for a confrontation. And the other thing is too, I did have a bandana on, they had their face shield but they weren’t practice social distancing. They were right on top of me. So we did step outside, because he wanted to step outside. Will Chamberlain is not a Philadelphia resident so he’s not offered a Philadelphia watcher’s certificate. And he proceeded to take a video of me having a confrontation on the street with these two … I don’t know who they were. I don’t know if they were poll workers, they never identified who they were.

Gary Phelman: (01:25:59)
And the video, which was released to the public, is a little over 30 seconds on Twitter and it already has 3.8 million hits on Will’s Twitter page. There is a complete video but it’s on my phone and I made it available to the Senators, it’s over a minute, about what happened on the street. I tried to explain this watcher certificate is for the city of Philadelphia, you’re in the city of Philadelphia and you have to let me observe. I’m the eyes and ears of the president of the United States and they wouldn’t allow that.

Dave Stisogis: (01:26:45)
Thank you for the opportunity to be here today. Oh sure.

Gary Phelman: (01:26:50)
I just want to add another thing that’s really kind of crucial. When this happened, the fact checkers group or organization, I don’t even know what they are, started to put disclaimers on the video. Fact checkers said they contact me, fact checkers never contacted me. Fact checkers said that it was a misunderstanding, they said the commissioner’s office tried contacting me, they used the name Kevin Feely from the commissioner’s office. I don’t know who Kevin Feely is, nobody from fact checkers called me, I don’t even know if they have my phone number. And the commissioner’s office did nothing to follow up on any of this. I did see commissioner Al Schmidt when we were doing the canvasing but we didn’t mention anything about what happened that day.

Dave Stisogis: (01:27:50)
Good afternoon. I’m Dave Stisogis. I’m an attorney, licensed to practice law in Illinois and Florida. Some time ago I was a Cook County Assistant State Attorney prosecutor and during that time I actually did election law enforcement during the course of that time, including seeing to it that people had appropriate access, precinct openings and closings, that machines were zeroed out. Since that time I’ve either been a candidate or a campaign in over 10 other individual elections and in 2016 I actually worked as a volunteer for the Trump/Rubio campaign in Broward County, Florida. I discovered them opening mail in ballots in a locked rom. Before that was all said and done we actually had a Broward County judge monitoring everybody’s access. He was actually on site monitoring everybody’s access to see to it that that couldn’t happen, see to it that everybody would have appropriate access.

Dave Stisogis: (01:28:50)
Currently I am lead counsel in conjunction with Judicial Watch in a suit called Illinois Conservative Union versus the Illinois State Board of Elections for violations of the board in terms of the National Voter Registration Act. Given that kind of background will give you some kind of idea of where I’m coming from on this subject.

Dave Stisogis: (01:29:13)
On October 24 this year I came to Pittsburgh as a volunteer with Lawyers for Trump and I was asked to organize folks to do monitoring of the pre-canvas activities during the course of the next week. Myself with some other volunteers made over 500 phone calls, we recruited 50 individuals that were willing to come and canvas or come and monitor the pre-canvas along with 24 other out of state lawyer volunteers.

Dave Stisogis: (01:29:47)
We had organized all this because of course we had 19 in Alleghany County there were 19 republicans on the ballot and so we were able to have credentials through the RCAC for 19 watchers at any given moment. So we had to organize them. So we organized everybody during the course of time and they had given us credentials in advance and then two days before the election, the Friday before the election, we got a call from the electoral board and said, “Oh by the way you need to submit everybody’s credentials in advance. And you need to have everybody’s signatures on the credentials that you signed in advance.” And of course we already had put together a team of 70 and we’d allocated them four hours of time in four hour shifts to be able to monitor through the course of the whole period of time and then over the next three days we scrambled like heck to try and get signatures from the various volunteers and other counsel that were assisting us.

Dave Stisogis: (01:30:52)
Needless to say, we lost about 20-25 folks that we were unable to get the credentials to in advance. And get the signatures back and forth and all the things necessary to do that. So I wanted to mention, you’re hearing about huge global issues but it goes down to the petty as well. It goes down to the petty as well in terms of interfering with his access and interfering with changing rules. I know Secretary [inaudible 01:31:23] changed some huge rules but the local boards, day in and day out, were changing rules as well to make the monitoring process next to impossible.

Dave Stisogis: (01:31:34)
At any rate, we did that and then we wound up, I went with a group at about 6:45 on election day to 901 Pennsylvania Avenue in Alleghany County where they were doing the pre-canvas. And at the time when we arrived we were herded in to what is best known as the corral. I’m sure you’ve seen or heard about those things. It was a fenced in area, the fence was maybe two and a half, three feet high. Closest anybody could get to make any observations was maybe 15-20 feet from the closest ballot processor to maybe 150 feet, because we were in maybe a 20,000 square foot area where the biggest activity was taking place. But I would mention that the mail in ballots were coming into that room already sliced open at the top. We have no idea when or where the slicing took place, where the opening took place or what was in fact inside those mail in envelopes.

Dave Stisogis: (01:32:45)
At that point in time folks were then separating the mail in ballot from the secrecy envelope. You could see that’s exactly what they were doing, they would put one on this side and one on the other side. And then they’d take them and put them some place that I have no idea and then the secrecy envelopes would go to another slicing machine and that’d be sliced open and at that point, then, the ballots would come back and they’d be divided from the secrecy envelopes.

Dave Stisogis: (01:33:11)
We had really no concept of what was going on. In the room next door, there was a smaller room around the corner that you had to leave the 20,000 square foot room. There was one about 7,500 square feet and in that room, there was a machine and the machine would be, apparently, sorting things by the barcodes and then eventually, somehow or other, people would come in with big armloads of ballots from the other room. Apparently with no providence, no explanation of where they came from, and here’s an interesting thing that you guys might consider when you’re doing this in the future, one of the biggest bottlenecks would take place at this point in time because all these ballots came in tri folded. And all the ballots had to be flattened. And so they would take the ballots and put them under big stacks of reams and reams of paper to flatten them out and then there’d be workers kneading the ballots to try and make them so that they could go through the machines.

Dave Stisogis: (01:34:19)
And when everybody’s saying you haven’t counted anything for X number of hours, they said, “We’re trying to flatten the ballots.” It was absurd and obscene. So at any rate, when everybody was waiting, that’s what was going on, they’re flattening the ballots for the most part. And then there was about six machines where they were feeding the ballots and while they had six machines feeding the ballots, as they would go in, two or three would kick out to a different tray than the other tray. And workers sometimes would take the ones that weren’t kicked out and put them in a stack and then sometimes they’d run all of them through again and sometimes run two or three. We never had any idea if they were zeroing out a machine, what they were doing. I asked the county solicitor who was there, I said, “What’s going on?” He told me that this was a Pitney Bowes representative working there that had been sworn in as a county representative and that sometimes the ballot machine doesn’t count those things. So he runs them through.

Dave Stisogis: (01:35:29)
But there was absolutely no providence to what was going on in the counting machines. I have no idea because of course they would just take stacks of ballots that had been sitting under reams of paper trying to be flattened and then run them through the machine. So we have no idea about that. And so at one point I asked the county solicitor, I said, “Can you describe for me the journey of a ballot from the time it hits the door to the time that it’s counted? Where does it go? What’s the process, et cetera?” I-

Dave Stisogis: (01:36:01)
Where does it go? What’s the process, et cetera? I got a short answer. “No.” I then asked him, I said, “Can you give me any written protocol about what is supposed to happen? It hits the door. Then it goes through a machine, theoretically sorted by barcodes, from what I understood from someone else so that if there’s a challenge in advance of the election, they know where to look,” because, of course, at five PM on the Friday before elections, you can challenge things for people having died and a few other reasons.

Dave Stisogis: (01:36:37)
But then I asked, I said, “Is there any written protocol for that?” He said, “No, we have no written protocol for what we’re conducting, what we’re doing here.” So he answered. He’s supposed to be the one giving legal advice to people on how to legally handle ballots, and he tells me that he doesn’t know how they’re handled and he tells me that there is no written protocol on how they are supposed to be handled.

Dave Stisogis: (01:37:05)
So I might suggest that there was just literally no way to change. I mean, there was no way to challenge. There was no way to look at those ballots, and I would say in my experience, electoral experience, one of the things that legitimizes elections is the ability of not a disinterested third party to review what the process is, but actually an adversarial third party to review what the process is. This was completely and utterly absent.

Dave Stisogis: (01:37:40)
I had about 25 other affidavits from other folks that had joined me during the time that had been part of this that describe essentially the same thing over there in Allegheny County, most of whom were attorneys and had been versed on the comings and goings of the Pennsylvania Supreme Court, which I might suggest, ultimately, the last decision in recanvassing when the Pennsylvania Supreme Court ultimately said that it doesn’t matter how far you’re away from the ballots because you don’t have the right to challenge anything, anyway. I read the opinion, and I said to myself, “The Pennsylvania Supreme Court just called off elections in the state of Pennsylvania.”

Dave Stisogis: (01:38:34)
I would suggest that the remedy for what the Pennsylvania Supreme Court does lies with the distinguished legislators that are before me. But the fact is is if there is no opportunity for anybody to look at them and the court has the temerity to say, “It doesn’t matter. It doesn’t matter if you come in or not. It doesn’t matter how far you are, because even if you’re there, you don’t have any right to do anything.”

Senator Doug Mastriano: (01:39:03)
If you could summarize, sir, we are running [crosstalk 00:03:07].

Dave Stisogis: (01:39:07)
Yes, I’m sorry. I’m sorry. Yeah, I apologize for being an attorney. No, I apologize, Senator. Yeah, I’ll summarize in one thing. One of the guarantees in the United States Constitution is that, in fact, every state shall have a republican form of government. I would suggest to you if the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania determines that they’re going to run the state and allow the local election authorities to essentially appoint winners, the State of Pennsylvania no longer meets that guarantee as a republican form of government. Thank you.

Senator Doug Mastriano: (01:39:48)
Thank you, sir. If we could go to our two witnesses on Zoom now, if you can come forth. Go ahead and start when you’re ready.

Elizabeth Preate Havey: (01:40:06)
Hi. My name is Elizabeth Preate Havey. I am an attorney and a resident of Montgomery County and the chair of the Montgomery County Republican Committee. Thank you, senators and Mayor Giuliani for providing me the opportunity to speak.

Elizabeth Preate Havey: (01:40:22)
After the primary, our committee prepared and provided to the PA legislative leaders and members of the Montgomery County staff in charge of the election a 30-page report of the mail-in ballot and Election Day problems and irregularities we experienced in Montgomery County. We made detailed recommendations for changes with the hope that the general election would be smoother. Unfortunately, that was not the case. There are a number of issues that evidence a total lack of transparency regarding the handling of the general election in Montgomery County.

Elizabeth Preate Havey: (01:40:56)
First, the Montgomery County Republican Committee was not provided meaningful view of the mail-in ballots at any time, despite our requests. Second, we were not provided with regular, detailed information about the mail-in ballots over the course of the election, despite our requests. Third, we still lack complete and detailed information about these ballots despite our written requests.

Elizabeth Preate Havey: (01:41:20)
We were provided our first opportunity to view and learn about the canvassing site on Sunday, November 1st, just two days prior to the election. At that visit, the chief operating officer of the county showed us the room where the canvass was to take place. To our shock, we were told we could not directly check the mail-in ballots. After some significant pushback by me, the county agreed to allow two watchers inside the room, but they were never able to see the ballots up close.

Elizabeth Preate Havey: (01:41:50)
Again, there was no meaningful observation of the ballots and absolutely no check of the ballots by anyone other than the county staff, which is all run by the Democrats, as to whether or not these ballots met election code criteria. At the most basic level, we were not even able to check to see if a voter voted twice or if a voter was deceased. With the removal of a signature being a check for existing voters, there was no way to protect against someone fraudulently voting for a registered voter.

Elizabeth Preate Havey: (01:42:21)
In addition to having no meaningful observation or review of over 200,000 mail-in ballots, we were not provided with the change in rules by the county to allow the curing of mail-in ballots in a timely matter. On Thursday, October 29th, I received an email from Frank Dean, who ran the election for the county, with the list of ballots with what they described as defects and if the voter had been contacted by the county to cure the defect. At the tour of the canvass on November 1, we were shown bundled mail-in ballots divided by precinct which the county identified as having a defect and explained that those individuals had not cured these ballots as of November 1st. The county did not provide the Montgomery County Republican Committee with an opportunity to have an authorized representative present in what was effectively the pre-canvass [inaudible 01:43:12] pre-canvass of the ballots when it reviewed and contacted voters about their defective mail-in ballots.

Elizabeth Preate Havey: (01:43:19)
After immediate investigation, it was clear that other counties across Pennsylvania were not allowing this illegal pre-canvassing to take place. In particular, our neighboring county, Berks County, a county that the president won by over 8%, interpreted the law as written and did not contact voters to cure ballots weeks prior to the election, as Montgomery County did. A portion of Berks County and most of Montgomery County share one congressional seat. So voters were not treated equally in these two counties in the same district.

Elizabeth Preate Havey: (01:43:48)
Since the election, we have received many calls and emails from Republicans with questions about whether their mail-in ballot was counted, expressing concerns that they didn’t request a mail-in ballot, but received one, anyway, that they were made to vote provisional when they shouldn’t have, that they have great concerns about the efficacy of this election. There is a real disenfranchisement of voters across Montgomery County. Many people feel that their vote did not count. Because we lack the information we need to tell them otherwise and because we were not able to have any meaningful check on mail-in ballots, we cannot provide these concerned voters with the assurance they need that the process was fair and that the election was honest.

Elizabeth Preate Havey: (01:44:31)
In addition to the lack of transparency we experienced in Montgomery County, the Kathy Barnette for Congress campaign found with just the minimal information that we’ve been able to obtain that at least 188 deceased people in Montgomery County voted in 2020. They also found concerning anomalies in the results. For example, more people voted in the small town of Norristown for the very first time than the voters who vote regularly. This occurrence is far outside the norm of what we have seen in past elections. These numbers must be reviewed and analyzed. In fact, a full review of the mail-in ballots across the state must be done.

Elizabeth Preate Havey: (01:45:15)
In order for this country to have trust in the electoral process, elections must be viewed as open and transparent. Both the Democrats and the Republicans should be provided with the same information throughout the process, and there should be meaningful opportunity to observe and object, not last-minute disclosures and rule changes. This legislature must reform the election law to provide for such transparency all along the mail-in ballot process from start to finish, and people need to feel confident that the same rules apply to each and every voter in every town and in every county in this state. Thank you.

Senator Doug Mastriano: (01:45:54)
Okay. Next member on the Zoom, you’re up. Thank you. Do we have contact?

Speaker 5: (01:46:06)
She’s still on.

Senator Doug Mastriano: (01:46:07)
Okay. There you are.

Speaker 6: (01:46:08)
We’re ready.

Senator Doug Mastriano: (01:46:09)
Please proceed.

Julia Vahey: (01:46:10)
Julia Vahey.

Speaker 5: (01:46:12)
Oh. She’s on.

Senator Doug Mastriano: (01:46:13)
Go ahead.

Julia Vahey: (01:46:15)
Hello. Thank you for having me here today. My name is Julia Vahey, and I’m a resident of Montgomery County and the Executive Director of the Montgomery County Republican Committee. I’m here to speak with you today regarding my experience as an observer of the pre-canvass and canvass of the mail-in ballots. In Montgomery County, we had over 250,000 mail-in ballots requested for the general election. In the weeks leading up to the election, I personally trained over 100 volunteers to inspect and monitor the counting of these ballots to ensure the legitimacy of the vote in Montgomery County. Unfortunately, they were never given this opportunity.

Julia Vahey: (01:46:48)
On Sunday, November 1st, during a walkthrough of the mail-in ballot facility, we learned that no watchers were permitted to inspect or even see the outside envelope of the ballot. After some significant pushback by our chairman, Liz Havey, the county agreed to allow two watchers inside the room, of which I was one. As an observer at the canvass, I was corralled into a small, narrow holding area, which is blocked off by tables and plexiglass barriers in the corner of the room. Due to the room layout and location of the holding area within the room, I only had visibility to the space where ballots were flattened and scanned. This was a huge area, and the closest scanner was roughly six feet away and the farthest approximately 25 yards away.

Julia Vahey: (01:47:31)
From my position within the holding area, I had no visibility or access to the room where ballot were sorted, outside envelopes were inspected, and both outside and secrecy envelopes were opened. The space was divided from the scanning room by a large white wall, blocking all visibility to the slicing machines, the BlueCrest sorter, and the ballot storage room. In my opinion, this was a totally separate room and not one room, as the county election board argued.

Julia Vahey: (01:47:58)
During our walkthrough of the campus facility on Sunday, November 1st, we argued that this was a separate room and was told by the county chief operating officer that we would be able to view this space by the security camera footage. The footage from these cameras was streamed to televisions in a conference room on the other end of the building, which was approximately a four-minute walk away from where the ballot canvass room was. This system was not set up on our walkthrough day, and it was not until I arrived back at the facility at seven AM on Election Day that I could see the footage was extremely poor quality and that you could only see pixelated images of workers moving around the room and had no meaningful visibility of the ballots.

Julia Vahey: (01:48:36)
Over the last ten months, in my role, I’ve spoken to thousands of voters firsthand who have lost faith in the election processes and procedures in Montgomery County and across Pennsylvania as a whole. Today, I still lack the information needed to properly inform voters that their vote was in fact counted. I thank you for holding these hearings today and hope that the appropriate legislative changes are made to restore confidence in our elections. Thank you.

Senator Doug Mastriano: (01:49:01)
Thank you. Facts are stubborn things, and I appreciate you guys laying it out there. It does make a difference. Mayor, if you can introduce the final panelists before we go to question and answer time.

Rudy Giuliani: (01:49:14)
I believe there are two other-

Senator Doug Mastriano: (01:49:17)
Two more on Zoom?

Rudy Giuliani: (01:49:18)
… Zoom.

Senator Doug Mastriano: (01:49:18)
Okay. Please come forth, friends on Zoom, when you’re ready.

Charles Nudo: (01:49:24)
Here we are. We’re here, but we can’t see ourselves. Can you hear us?

Speaker 7: (01:49:30)
We hear you loud and clear. Please begin.

Charles Nudo: (01:49:36)
Okay. My name is Charles Nudo. I live in Drums, Pennsylvania. Can you hear me?

Speaker 5: (01:49:43)

Charles Nudo: (01:49:45)
Can you see me on the screen?

Barbara Sulitka: (01:49:46)
You’re never on the screen.

Speaker 7: (01:49:49)
No, but please continue.

Charles Nudo: (01:49:54)
Okay. Go ahead. My mother … No, we got somebody else.

Senator Doug Mastriano: (01:50:04)
Well, let’s go with what who got. Please start.

Charles Nudo: (01:50:05)
Oh. Can you see us?

Speaker 5: (01:50:08)
We see two ladies.

Senator Doug Mastriano: (01:50:09)

Charles Nudo: (01:50:09)
Can you see us?

Senator Doug Mastriano: (01:50:10)
Yes. We have the two ladies on the screen.

Speaker 5: (01:50:11)
[crosstalk 00:14:10].

Cheryl Nudo: (01:50:12)
Barbara Sulitka.

Barbara Sulitka: (01:50:13)
My name is Barbara Sulitka. I went to the voting polls on November the 3rd to vote in person. I waited two hours in line, and when I went in, I showed identification. I was taken up to the polling place. The polling man showed me what to do, turned it on, and said, “Go ahead.” I voted, and I printed it out. When I got it and I looked at it, Trump was not on there. I voted for Trump, and it wasn’t there. My daughter, I called her over and I said to her, “Look, his vote is gone. I voted for him.” So I called a pollster over, and he said, “It’s not supposed to be seen. It’s for privacy. Just put it through the scanner, and you’re done.” It bothered me. It’s been bothering me since, because I voted, and was it counted or was it flicked? I don’t know.

Cheryl Nudo: (01:51:26)
I’m speaking on my mom’s behalf also as a witness. My name is Cheryl Nudo. I was there that day. I drove her to the polls. When she got done voting, she showed me the printout, and she was saying how the president’s name that she voted for was not printed out, when all the other delegates that she had voted for were on the printout. Me not knowing, because I had not voted yet, how the printout was supposed to look, we went to the pollster that was there and asked him why the president and vice president’s name did not print out when all the other names of the candidates printed out that my mother had voted for.

Cheryl Nudo: (01:52:05)
It seemed very strange, but not knowing any better, we asked, “Well, what is the next step?” He said … Oh, I’m sorry. He said that it did not print out because that’s for voters’ privacy, that none of them print out. So we asked him what the next step was, and he said to put it through the scanner. So that’s what we did, and we left. It seemed very odd.

Cheryl Nudo: (01:52:29)
Then I went to where I live in Drums, Pennsylvania, which is about ten miles south of where my mother voted, and I voted, no problem. Everything printed out just as it should, and I scanned it through. So it just seemed very odd, and we wanted to report that, that in my mother’s area, which was Fairview Township, it seemed very odd that it did not print out. Thank you.

Charles Nudo: (01:53:02)
Okay. I’m Charles Nudo, and by the way, my mother-in-law’s 84 years old. She forgot to mention that. Anyway, my wife then …

Cheryl Nudo: (01:53:13)
She’s 80.

Charles Nudo: (01:53:14)
I’m sorry. She’s 80. My wife called me that day, and she was distraught and told me everything they just told you. So I go to my polling place around 3:30, 4:00 here in Drums, and when I first walked in, a young gentleman came up to me, started explaining how to vote. He said, “Take the stylus, make your choices, and then print it out with a printer that’s underneath the machine.” I thought, “That’s odd.” I’d been voting since 1992. We never had to print a ballot, and I actually thought it was easier to vote in ’92 on the World War II surplus voting machines with the curtain. You did your choices, opened the curtain, and they went click, click and everything went. All of a sudden, we have to print a ballot?

Charles Nudo: (01:54:07)
So, anyway, I’m pretty good with computers. I made my choices. I printed it out. All my choices are on there, from president on down ballot, and he said, “Now you have to put it in the scanner.” He turned over a sample ballot and pointed at a weird triangle in the corner and smiled at me. I didn’t know what he meant. So I go over to the scanner, and I’m wondering, “Well, a scanner works facedown when you scan,” because I have one at home. “Do I put it in facedown or face-up?”

Charles Nudo: (01:54:39)
So he’s already across the room, talking to another gentleman that’s about 20 years older than me, trying to tell him how to do it, and I said, “Are these face-up or facedown?” He just nodded. He didn’t say either way. He just nodded yes. So I put it in face-up. So I don’t even know if it scanned the blank backside or the voting top side. Anyway, I overheard that conversation, not wittingly or that I wanted to. A man … I’m 58. He was about 78, saying … They said to him, “Now, do you understand?” He said, “Yeah, yeah, yeah, I think, but my memory’s not too good.”

Charles Nudo: (01:55:20)
When I walked out of there, I realized it’s total voter suppression. My mother-in-law here did not even get a cell phone until last year, has never sat at a computer and keyed anything in in her life, has no wifi or Internet service center house. Neither does my mother. She has a cell phone, but it’s a flip type. These are the people that went by the thousands or millions to our polls and had to go through this system, and I just wanted to point that out. That’s all I have. Thank you.

Senator Doug Mastriano: (01:55:56)
Thank you.

Speaker 7: (01:55:57)
Thank you. Senator Mastriano, before we turn to our next panel, I want to note that Senator Camera Bartolotta has joined us from Southwestern Pennsylvania on Zoom and Senator Bob Mensch from the Southeast, Doug.

Senator Doug Mastriano: (01:56:14)
Thank you, Senator. Can we go over to the final Zoom panelist? Mr. Mayor, we have more?

Rudy Giuliani: (01:56:18)
[inaudible 00:20:22].

Jenna: (01:56:23)
[inaudible 01:56:20].

Senator Doug Mastriano: (01:56:25)
Okay. Thank you, Scott.

Rudy Giuliani: (01:56:29)
I think we have a surprise guest, Mr. Chairman.

Senator Doug Mastriano: (01:56:32)

Olivia Jane Winters: (01:56:33)
I’m sorry. Is it my turn?

Senator Doug Mastriano: (01:56:35)
Just hold off one second. Just give me a minute.

Olivia Jane Winters: (01:56:38)
Okay. It’s really hard to hear you guys.

Jenna: (01:56:39)
All right. Are we ready, Molly?

Speaker 8: (01:56:47)

Jenna: (01:56:47)
Yes, sir.

Speaker 8: (01:56:49)

Jenna: (01:56:50)
Mr. Chairman, Andrew just-

Speaker 8: (01:56:51)
Let them finish their testimony. I’m watching. It’s fantastic.

Rudy Giuliani: (01:56:58)
You might as well …

Speaker 8: (01:56:58)
Let them finish their testimony.

Jenna: (01:56:59)
He wants to finish.

Rudy Giuliani: (01:57:00)
He wants to finish.

Jenna: (01:57:00)
He wants to finish.

Senator Doug Mastriano: (01:57:00)

Jenna: (01:57:00)
All right?

Senator Doug Mastriano: (01:57:01)
Okay, please. Can you hear me on Zoom? If you can introduce yourself and proceed.

Olivia Jane Winters: (01:57:07)
Yeah. Can you hear me?

Senator Doug Mastriano: (01:57:08)
Yes. We’ve got you loud and clear.

Olivia Jane Winters: (01:57:13)
Okay. My name is Olivia Jane Winters, and I’m a professional organizer and a business management consultant. I live in Philadelphia. I actually was asked to be a minority inspector in 3615. That’s the ward and the division. I was just purely doing this to help my mom out. She’s a ward leader in a different area of the city. I’m a registered Democrat, and I just wanted to help and make sure it was a fair election. I don’t care who wins. I care that it’s a fair election.

Olivia Jane Winters: (01:57:49)
I showed up to the polls at 6:30 in the morning. Immediately, I was met with a hostile attitude from all of the people that I had to work with. That would be the majority inspector, the poll watcher, the machine operator, and a committee man, who was electioneering in the polls. He was wearing shirts and a hat and a mask for who to vote for. We are about an hour and a half in in the morning. We have a long line of people. We must have had, I don’t know, 60 people in line in the building, snaking around the building.

Olivia Jane Winters: (01:58:34)
A woman came up and said, “I’d like to turn in my mail-in ballot so that I can vote in the booth.” The girl who was clerking for me said, “Well, if you want to turn in your mail-in ballot, we’re going to need to have you fill out this form, and the majority inspector is going to need to sign the form.” The majority inspector had decided in the middle of the morning to go home and was not in the polling place for over 45 minutes. To my understanding as the minority … I’m sorry, not the majority inspector, the judge of elections. My apologies. She had gone home, and to my understanding, the judge of elections is not to leave the polling place.

Olivia Jane Winters: (01:59:22)
So she was out of the building. We needed her to sign this form. The man who was electioneering and was a poll watcher, but also a committee man confronted myself and the clerk and said, “You don’t know what you’re talking about. Anybody can sign the affidavit. Why don’t you stop trying to cause problems? Why don’t you shut up?,” started getting in my face, cursing at me, telling me that I needed to be quiet, that I didn’t know what I was talking about and I should just learn to sit down and not say anything and just let it happen.

Olivia Jane Winters: (01:59:55)
My clerk and I said, “No, we’re not going to let that happen. That’s ridiculous. It says very clearly in our training and on this sheet that an affidavit needs to be signed by the judge of elections if somebody’s going to turn in a mail-in ballot before they can go vote in the booth.” We made her wait. Finally, the judge of elections came back, not, of course, before he was threatening me. The majority inspector threatened to slap me in the face, and he told me that it was going to become a, quote unquote, racial issue. I’m not really sure why that would become a racial issue. It has nothing to do with race. It has everything to do with following procedure and making sure it’s an honest election.

Olivia Jane Winters: (02:00:42)
I felt threatened. I called my ward leader. The ward leader then called the Commissioner for Philadelphia, Al Schmidt. Al Schmidt had me call and report that to the DA, and then about an hour and a half after that, the majority inspector told me that she wanted to vote, because we had a lull in people coming to the polls. So it was pretty quiet. I looked her name up so that she could sign the book, and it said that she needed to remit her mail-in ballot or vote provisionally. She said, “Oh, I threw that in the trash.” I said, “Well, then you have to vote provisionally.” The machine operator and the same committee man/poll watcher who was electioneering that I mentioned before got up in my face again, told me that I didn’t belong there, that I needed to shut up, started cursing expletives at me again, told me that they were going to allow her to do that and that I better be quiet about it, and then they let her go into the polls and vote. She did not vote provisionally at all.

Olivia Jane Winters: (02:01:53)
She voted, and who knows? Maybe she voted twice. Not to mention it wasn’t until I had actually called our ward leader, who had called the Commissioner, who had called the DA, that they then sent representatives down to discuss this with me and defend me. I mean, I had maybe six men there, because I was being threatened in the polling place, and the committee man that I mentioned earlier, who was threatening me, then got his cousin involved, who was working the polls as a poll watcher and was also wearing electioneering gear. She got up in my face, demanded to see my credentials, then tried to refuse to give them back to me, told me that they were illegitimate minority inspector certificates. They basically told me they were going to call my council rep and he was going to come down and make me leave, just ridiculous threats.

Olivia Jane Winters: (02:02:53)
I then testified in a hearing for the City of Philadelphia for them on Election Day regarding this harassment. Meanwhile, I had mentioned that until we had the deputy sheriff come down and tell us how to actually receive a mail-in ballot and how to vote provisionally, we were not doing it correctly. The judge of elections was not doing it correctly, and I cannot stress this enough. My brother had the same role as me as a minority inspector in a different polling place, and he said they were not doing it correctly, either.

Olivia Jane Winters: (02:03:31)
I don’t think that anybody actually really knew how to receive a mail-in ballot. Most of the books that we had to get your authorized signature, some would have a Remit Ballot little box that you could click, and others didn’t have that at all. So if somebody came in and remitted a ballot, I’d almost have to like hand-write that in just to keep it as honest as possible. There was no place for that. So I don’t see really how they were keeping track of that, because you could easily do both. I mean, it happened in front of me. My majority inspector definitely voted and then went into the polls and voted again. Unless you have questions, I’m not really sure. I think that’s pretty much what happened.

Speaker 7: (02:04:22)
Thank you. Thank you very much. Senator Mastriano.

Senator Doug Mastriano: (02:04:27)
Thank you. If we can have our final Zoom … It was one or two more. If the next one can come forth. Whenever you’re ready. Okay. Are you on? Hello? Can you hear me?

Gloria Lee Snover: (02:04:52)

Senator Doug Mastriano: (02:04:52)
Okay. Over to you. We can hear you.

Gloria Lee Snover: (02:04:59)
Am I on?

Senator Doug Mastriano: (02:05:00)
Yes. Please begin. You have the floor.

Gloria Lee Snover: (02:05:05)
This is Gloria Lee Snover. I am Chairman of the North Hampton County Republican Committee. North Hampton County is a Democrat county where Republicans win elections. I have been involved in the political process in North Hampton County for more than 25 years. I’ve worked on campaigns for Township Supervisor to President of the United States. This year with one of the most vast, complex elections I have ever had to oversee as Party County Chairman.

Gloria Lee Snover: (02:05:40)
The complexity was due to the new mail-in ballot system and ever-changing rules, the unmanned drop boxes in the general election that we did not have in the primary, also changing the fact that voters could bring their ballot to the polls and vote on the machine and many other new procedures. There was mass confusion regarding the mail-in ballot system. I fielded scores of calls from North Hampton County voters and collected incident reports from voters and poll watchers regarding the November 3rd election.

Gloria Lee Snover: (02:06:21)
The typical calls I would field were, “I didn’t ask for a mail-in ballot. Why am I on the mail-in ballot list?,” “I did not get my ballot. What should I do? It’s been weeks,” “How come my wife got her ballot and I didn’t get one? We applied on the same day,” “How can I vote on the machines if I applied for a ballot?”, “Is it safe to put my ballot in the mail?,” “My ballot says it wasn’t received, and I turned it in to the election office in person,” “My ballot says canceled. What does that mean?”, ” I voted in-person, and it still says not counted,” “I’ve been on hold with the election office 70 minutes. What do I do?”

Gloria Lee Snover: (02:07:10)
In turn, because of these questions, I had a number of phone calls and emails, correspondence with the election office and the county solicitor before Election Day, trying to make sure I was disseminating information correctly to the voters, volunteers, and the campaign. One call turned heated when the registrar threatened to turn me over to the district attorney for posting a picture of a voter ballot-harvesting a large bag of ballots at a North Hampton County drop box. It was my opinion the registrar was more concerned we exposed it rather than the fact that it was happening. The most pertinent information I have to offer this committee was my call-

Gloria Lee Snover: (02:08:03)
I have to offer this committee was my conversation with the election office regarding curing the disqualified naked ballot, which they unlawfully pre-canvased before election day. They actually told me on the phone early in October, they felt them, they held them up to the light, they separated them out in different boxes. Reflecting back on these three weeks and the experience, the major concerns regarding this election are equal protection.

Gloria Lee Snover: (02:08:38)
Were the Democrats and Republicans treated the same? Were they given the same information and opportunity to vote? Did they equally have an opportunity to cure their disqualified ballots? Not in my county. There was no ability to properly witness the canvas of the mail-in ballots or see the actual ballots. Were there signatures? The solicitor told me there is absolutely no law that allows us to see the counting or to see the ballots. To this day, we have no idea what or whose ballots were counted.

Gloria Lee Snover: (02:09:27)
Another one, very strange, there’s a pattern of reactivated old voter rolls that kept reoccurring on the SURE system. The SURE system is our Pennsylvania voter system. Scores of people that had not voted since the 1990s, more than 22 years ago, were all now reactivated and receiving mail-in ballots. People that didn’t vote for Obama or Hillary, were all of a sudden receiving mail in ballots, setting up the opportunity for fraud on a massive scale that would go undetected, because voters who never intended to vote would not know.

Gloria Lee Snover: (02:10:15)
The SURE system is not so sure. We also found in North Hampton County, more than 1500 votes where the mail-in ballot was received in the election office on a date before it was even mailed. We have a problem with this election. Thank you for allowing me to share my election experience, and I plead with you to remedy the mail-in ballot process. Thank you.

Speaker Panel: (02:10:45)
Thank you for your testimony. Our last Zoom, are you there? Can you hear me? If so, please begin. Is there one more? Nope, that’s it. Okay. I guess a Q and A.

Speaker 9: (02:11:04)
All right. Connect it.

Mr. Chairman: (02:11:09)
Let me begin now with questions from our representatives and senators. I believe probably about 30 minutes. [inaudible 02:11:18].

Speaker 9: (02:11:18)
Mr. Chairman?

Mr. Chairman: (02:11:21)
Oh, we have one additional witness.

Speaker Panel: (02:11:23)
Well, a commentator.

Mr. Chairman: (02:11:26)

Speaker 9: (02:11:27)
All right. I will introduce to you now, Mr. President, you are connected.

Donald Trump: (02:11:40)
Thank you very much. I’ve been watching the hearing on OEN, and saw a couple of other great networks, but I really appreciate being asked to speak. I’m in the Oval Office right now, and it’s very interesting to see what’s going on. This was an election that we won easily. We won it by a lot. A big energy official was on this morning, on a important show, and said, “There’s no way Trump didn’t win Pennsylvania, because the energy industry was all for him. I saw with my eyes what happened,” and he told me horror stories, absolute horror stories.

Donald Trump: (02:12:20)
This was a, very sad to say it, this election was rigged, and we can’t let that happen. We can’t let it happen for our country. This election has to be turned around, because we won Pennsylvania by a lot, and we won all of these swing states by a lot. Anybody watching television the night of the election was saying, “Wow.” I was called by the biggest political people, “Congratulations, Sir, on a big win.” All of a sudden, ballots were dumped all over the place, and a lot of horrible things happened. Everybody in that room, I want to thank all of the people that signed affidavits and all of the speakers. You’re fantastic people. You’re great patriots.

Donald Trump: (02:13:02)
I want to thank the senators for being there. It’s so important, day before Thanksgiving, it really represents somebody, between the voter suppression and all of the horrible things that happened to poll watchers. We have poll watcher affidavits piled up to the ceiling, and they’re all over. They were treated horribly all over this, in all of these swing states, I mean virtually all of the swings states. Many other things were happening that were horrible, just horrible, but the poll watchers weren’t allowed to watch. They were, in many cases, whisked out of the room.

Donald Trump: (02:13:38)
Not only into pens that were 20, 30, 40, 60, a hundred feet away, where you couldn’t even see, they were using binoculars. People are reporting that they had to use binoculars, and that didn’t work. If you were a Republican poll watcher, you were treated like a dog. The Democrats had no problem, but they were rough. They were literally pushed out, and it was rough tactics. This is what happened here, this is not the United States of America, what happened. I think everybody knows that that’s why you’re there, and that’s why you’re so vehement about it.

Donald Trump: (02:14:15)
We have many, many cases, many, many cases of people walking in. A woman, an elderly woman walks in, looking forward to voting November 3rd, and says, “Oh good. Where would I go about voting?” “I’m sorry, you’ve already voted. Your ballot is in.” I said, “No, I didn’t vote. I didn’t vote.” “No, your ballot is in. You’ve already voted,” in all cases, for Biden, by the way. She said, “No, no, I want to vote.” “Nope, your ballot is in.” Then they give her a provisional ballot to sign, which goes nowhere. It’s a disgrace that this is happening to our country.

Donald Trump: (02:14:54)
We won this election by a lot. We got 74 million votes, and if you would have said 74 million votes the day before the election, every single professional in the business would have said, “There’s no way of beating that.” We got 11 million votes more than we had four years before in 2016, and we got many votes more than Ronald Reagan had when he won 49 states. Nobody would’ve said we even had a chance of losing. All you had to do is take a look at the numbers at 10 o’clock in the evening, when everybody thought the election was virtually over, and then very weird things happened, but they’re not weird to professionals, and they’re not weird to Dominion and other people that operate machines, and they’re not weird to the people that handle the ballots where they were flooding the market.

Donald Trump: (02:15:42)
People were getting two and three and four ballots in their home. People that were dead were signing up for ballots. Not only were they coming in and putting in a ballot, but dead people were requesting ballots. They were dead for years, and they were requesting ballots. The whole world is watching us. The whole world is watching the United States of America, and we can’t let them get away with it. We have judges that are afraid to make a decision. We have judges that don’t want to do the same thing. Well, a very good good lawyer said, “Well, sir, I mean, that’s a big statement for a judge to overthrow an election.” I said, “Really? If he got hundreds of thousands of votes more than he was entitled to get, through all of the things that I’m listening to right now, and you’re just covering a few of them.”

Donald Trump: (02:16:34)
We have hundreds and hundreds of affidavits of stories that are even worse than the stories I’m hearing. Why wouldn’t they overturn an election? Certainly overturn it in your state, because we have other states that are just as bad. If you look at Michigan, with Detroit, you look at the things that happened in Detroit, where you have a voter, but you have more votes than you have voters. You take a look at Detroit, Michigan, you have more votes than you have voters.

Donald Trump: (02:17:07)
Then you have two people that don’t want to certify. They don’t want to certify, and they’re harassed violently. They turned off the cameras during the harassment for two hours. Then they said, “Wow,” and they were afraid, and they voted. Then they went back to sign and they couldn’t do it, because they said, “We can’t do it, because this is corrupt. This is horrible what’s taking place.” Think of it, more votes than you have voters, but that was the least of it. They have things that were as bad as that, and this is going on all over, all over. We’re doing very well in a lot of states. A lot of good things are happening in Georgia. We’re getting little help from government, but a lot of good things are happening in Georgia, Wisconsin, and Michigan.

Donald Trump: (02:17:51)
They’re seeing what happened in Detroit, and we sure are looking at what’s happening in Pennsylvania and Philadelphia. What happened in Philadelphia? They keep the poll watchers not only in pens, but they keep them out of the building. The only reason they got back into the building was they got a court order. Then the definition of, back into the building, was very far away where they couldn’t see anything. They talk about closed circuit television, except you couldn’t see it, because the picture was so unclear.

Donald Trump: (02:18:21)
You didn’t even know what they were doing. They could have been playing a baseball game. It’s a very sad thing for our country to have this, and they have to turn over the results. It would be easy for me to say, “Oh, let’s worry about four years from now.” No, this election was lost by the Democrats. They cheated. It was a fraudulent election. They flooded the market, they [crosstalk 02:18:48], and I just want to thank everybody for being there. This is a very important moment in the history of our country, and you’re doing a tremendous service to our country. Don’t worry about bravery, because the people that talk the most, they’re not the ones you have to worry about. These are all talkers, they intimidate, but these are not people that you’re going to ultimately have to … They push you around. They pushed our poll workers out. Our poll watchers were pushed out of the building. Okay. Some got back in, they were put in the pens, but these are not people. Don’t be intimidated by these people, but they’re bad people. They’re horrible people. They’re people that don’t love our country.

Donald Trump: (02:19:32)
We don’t have to worry about four years right now. We have to worry what happened on November 3rd, and previous to November 3rd. By the way, after November 3rd, when people put votes in and they put them in illegally, they put them in after the polls closed. One of our great Supreme Court Justices made mention of that. I can’t imagine that any Justice or anybody looking at it could be thrilled when they vote after the election is over. I want to thank everybody very much for being there. I want to thank the State Senate, respected people, tremendous people, and you’re doing a tremendous service for our country.

Donald Trump: (02:20:12)
If something was done wrong, if this election was won fraudulently and that’s what happened, it was a fraud. We’re talking about, very importantly, many more ballots, many more votes than the number we need. In other words, if we needed 50,000 votes, we’re not talking about, we found nine dead people that voted. Of course, there were many more than that, numbers that nobody even believes. No, we’re talking about numbers that are far in excess of the 50,000, far in excess of another state, where we lost by 10,000. They went absolutely wild, because we got far more votes than they thought possible.

Donald Trump: (02:20:52)
They’ve just stepped on the gas, and they got caught. Just like they got caught spying on my campaign, they got caught, exactly, they got caught doing this. I really appreciate it, and the country appreciates it. We have to turn the election over, because there’s no doubt. We have all the evidence, we have all the affidavits, we have everything. All we need is to have some judge listen to it properly, without having a political opinion or having another kind of a problem, because we have everything. By the way, the evidence is pouring in now, as we speak. I want to thank Rudy Giuliani for having the courage to do this, because there are other lawyers that backed out because they were being screamed at. Rudy is the greatest mayor in the history of New York, and there’s a reason.

Attendees: (02:21:40)
[crosstalk 00:13:41].

Donald Trump: (02:21:40)
He’s got great courage and he doesn’t care. He wants to do what’s right. I told him the other day, “Rudy, you were the greatest mayor in the history of New York, and you see what happened to New York without Rudy. You were the greatest mayor, but this is more important, what you are doing now is far more important than being a great mayor of the City of New York and being its greatest mayor by far. By the way, by far. This is going to be your crowning achievement, because you’re saving our country. Thank you all very much. Thank you.

Attendees: (02:22:08)
[crosstalk 00:14:13]. Trump, Trump, Trump, Trump. Woo! Trump, Trump, Trump, Trump, Trump, Trump, Trump, Trump, Trump, Trump, Trump [crosstalk 02:22:20].

Mr. Chairman: (02:22:09)
I think what you’ve just heard guarantees that a hundred years from now, that this is the most important public hearing ever held by this Senate committee. We turn now for our questions. Representative Ryan.

Senator Ryan: (02:22:45)
First of all, thank you very much, Mayor, for being here and for all the testifiers. Sixteen years ago this week, I was called out of retirement and recalled to active duty to go to Iraq, to do the elections in Iraq, in January 30th, 2005. That was an extraordinarily secure election. As a former commanding officer of a civil affairs group and psychological operations command, I know how to do elections. What happened in Pennsylvania, from a process control perspective, was absolutely a travesty. What I am concerned about is the remedy. How do we go from here? We see that there’s a perspective from our Council that in 1937, law provided the ability to appoint the electors to the secretary of state. I’m curious as to whether or not, Sir, you believe a special prosecutor should be appointed at the federal level to look at all of these irregularities, or whether or not there’s still actions that can be done at the state level to ensure that the goal of what we’re attempting to do, is to ensure, as we did for the people in Iraq and as I did for the people in Haiti, to ensure that the results are fair, accurate, transparent, and a representation of the will of the people of the United States.

Rudy Giuliani: (02:24:17)
Sound [inaudible 00:16:18]. My suggestion would be, and of course there are several different remedies that you could have, one would be to declare that the votes that were not inspected properly, be declared null and void in that county and deducted from the vote total. That’s essentially what they do in … Wisconsin has the strictest absentee law in the country. They require an application for every ballot. When they finish, they only count the number of absentee ballots that have an application.

Rudy Giuliani: (02:24:55)
They deduct from the total, from that County, whatever are missing. If you have 5,000 absentee ballots, but only 4,000 applications, you deduct 1000 votes. The reason they do that is to deter people from doing that in the future. Look at it this way, if you didn’t deduct the 678,000 or whatever it is, votes, that were not counted, there’s no penalty for it, what stops them from doing it again next time?

Attendees: (02:25:30)

Rudy Giuliani: (02:25:32)
This is a question of not voters acting improperly. It’s a question of the inferior offices of this state, because they’re inferior to the legislature in this regard, acted improperly. They conducted a completely sham election. They’re the ones who have to be penal … It’s a little like the exclusionary rule in criminal law. They’ve got to be taught, you can’t do that. The other thing you could do is you could demand to see all of the envelopes that were cast aside.

Rudy Giuliani: (02:26:06)
Like, I will virtually guarantee you’re going to see a couple of hundred thousand envelopes that have no names, partial names, the same name. You could ask to see the ballots. You’re probably going to see ballots that are official and ballots that are unofficial. You have two major gaps. You have the 672,770 votes that were not inspected by anyone secretly put into the ballot box.

Rudy Giuliani: (02:26:39)
Then you have this gap that I don’t understand, between the mail-in ballots you sent out, 1.8 million, and the number you counted, 2.5 million. That’s totally impossible to explain, other than what some of the witnesses were suggesting, that they were basically stuffing the ballot box. I believe what happened is they never expected to be behind by seven or 800,000 votes on election night. They expected to be behind by a couple of hundred thousand. In Philadelphia, to steal a couple of hundred thousand votes, they do it every year. That’s not going to be tough.

Rudy Giuliani: (02:27:17)
Now you had a real big problem, so you had to create mail-in ballots. You had to stretch it out for awhile. We didn’t go into detail on the Dominion system, but we have two other experts who can show you how they injected votes into the Dominion system. Also, so I think I would settle this election, but I would definitely appoint a special prosecutor to prosecute the people who conducted this election. You might even ask just a general question, how could the Governor and the Elections Commissioner, how could they have selected a company that counts our votes outside the United States?

Attendees: (02:27:56)
Amen. [crosstalk 00:02:27:58].

Rudy Giuliani: (02:27:57)
I didn’t know that.

Mr. Chairman: (02:28:00)
Thank you.

Rudy Giuliani: (02:28:01)
[crosstalk 02:28:01].

Mr. Chairman: (02:28:04)
Thank you. Representative Moul, questions for any of our panelists?

Speaker Panel: (02:28:07)
This is like our lightning round here to conclude.

Representative Moul: (02:28:12)
Thank you, Mr. Chairman. I think what I’m going to do is make more of a statement to throw out a timeline, because to try and reiterate what everyone else has already done, just be … A couple of years ago, our Supreme Court in Pennsylvania, very illegally redrew congressional maps. It’s very clear in our Constitution, that is a legislative act. Fast forward, couple of months ago, our Supreme Court rewrote our election law. Again, that needs to be done in statute. It is a legislative act.

Representative Moul: (02:28:55)
When it came to the mail-in ballotings, that House Bill, I want to say it was 77, Act 77, I was really kind of taken aback by how eager the Governor was to sign that Bill. Normally, Bills can sit in his desk, eight, and almost 10 days before he signs them or lets them become law on their own or vetoes them right away, and that one he signed almost instantaneously. I just kind of wondered. After I saw what happened in the primary, I wrote House Bill 2626, and this is where it kind of locks it in for me, Mr. Mayor and panelists. In House Bill 2626, I saw where there could possibly be stuffing the boxes, so I said simply, “Let’s put a barcode on the bottom of every mail-out ballot, so that the machine has to read a barcode that was accepted by the elections office.”

Representative Moul: (02:30:00)
Before that ballot goes out, they zap it. When it comes back, if that barcode doesn’t match one of the barcodes that they sent out, it gets kicked out. The Governor immediately, as soon as we ran that Bill out at Committee, said, “That hits my desk, it’s an automatic veto.”

Attendees: (02:30:18)
Wow. [crosstalk 02:30:19].

Representative Moul: (02:30:19)
Not everybody knows that, but that came to us. We had to literally strip that out of the Bill. I will be re-introducing a Bill to barcode any ballot that gets mailed out, when we get back. Trust me. Then we have the drop boxes, the three days extra to vote, ignoring the signatures and ignoring the postmarks, and I have to come to the conclusion that you did also. If it looks like corruption, smells like corruption, it’s corruption, and we’ve got to get to the bottom of it. Thank you for being here. Thank you for your testimony. Appreciate it very much. Thank you, Mr. Chairman.

Mr. Chairman: (02:30:59)
Thank you. Senator Regan.

Senator Regan: (02:31:02)
Thank you, Mr. Mayor. Thank you so much for being here. Thank you to all our testifiers today. It’s been very informative. My question, Mr. Mayor, you touched upon it briefly, but I want to just, if you could delve it a little bit more into it, Attorney General Barr, shortly after the election, authorized the US Attorneys across the country to investigate allegations of voter fraud. I wonder if you could tell us about the criminal investigations that are going on, maybe specifically in Pennsylvania, by our US Attorneys and maybe our FBI, and tell us how that is going? Is there any evidence that’s been presented to you or are you made privy to any of this information?

Rudy Giuliani: (02:31:39)
I’m sorry, Senator, I wouldn’t be made privy to the criminal investigations. In my experience, criminal investigations would take too long to help you in your most immediate decision. Criminal investigations could help you in your longterm decision as to how to reform, so this never happens again, which I think you all will want to do. For example, not ever hiring again, a company that counts votes in Frankfurt, Germany, that’s owned by two Venezuelans, who are very close to Hugo Chavez and Maduro. That’s extraordinary.

Rudy Giuliani: (02:32:19)
Unfortunately, we don’t have the time to really analyze the votes. Although, if you want to go into greater detail, we have other forensic experts that can show you votes that were specifically put into the machine, because these machines have a back door that allows you to do that. I would say the criminal proceedings are going to take six months to a year. What you have before you, that you can verify, is you have before you, very, very clear evidence. It’s not small. It’s not as if these are a couple of little mistakes that happen in … I hear people say, “Oh, every election has a couple of little mistakes.” Not 682,000 ballots, that nobody got to inspect, that from time immemorial, we’ve never had trouble in America with absentee ballots.

Rudy Giuliani: (02:33:09)
I’ve been in absentee ballot contests in New York, and they can be pretty vicious. The language is worse than that poor lady experienced, but we would never think of having one without the Republican there and the Democrat there. Even in New York, we would never think of it. Here, they did it 700, 000 times. That’s an insult to the legislature, because you didn’t provide for that, and you’ve got this gap with 700,000 unexplained mail-in ballots, that come out of nowhere. I think you have more than enough to say that this election, the numbers don’t add up.

Rudy Giuliani: (02:33:52)
It’s easy to figure out what the right numbers are, by excluding the illegal votes and count the honest votes, and the winner of the election changes.

Senator Regan: (02:34:02)
Thank you very much, sir.

Rudy Giuliani: (02:34:03)
Thank you.

Mr. Chairman: (02:34:04)
Senator Mario Scavello.

Senator Mario Scavello: (02:34:10)
I’m just going to make a couple of comments. First, I want to thank everybody for coming out here today. We need your support, your continued support throughout this whole process, because we’re going to also get the other side that don’t want us to do anything at all, and we definitely need to do something. We need to correct this problem. My Northampton County Chairperson, Lisa [inaudible 00:02:34:34], did an excellent job explaining what was going on in Northampton County.

Senator Mario Scavello: (02:34:38)
One of the biggest things that bothered me more than anything else, was people that went back, went to vote and they were told they already voted. That happened, I must have heard it from 50 people in my district. They made them sign a provisional, and I called up and I says, ” You better make sure that those provisionals are counted.” Some of the other things that were happening, most of the stuff that you said out there, it happened in every county. When you didn’t want to vote with your absentee and you went in, you’re supposed to get a ballot, not a provisional.

Senator Mario Scavello: (02:35:22)
There were people out there that got provisionals, but just a little information for all of you, the new machines, this new process, we didn’t vote for it. That was something that was pushed by the Governor. He mandated that all of the counties had to go and change their system, because he wanted some type of what we don’t have, is a form, to see who voted. They want a certificate or something, a slip to see how you voted, who voted. It’s obvious that this system has not worked, and the people of Pennsylvania are not happy about it. Thank you.

Mr. Chairman: (02:36:11)
Thank you, thank you. Madam Majority Leader Elect?

Senator Kim Ward – Madam Majority Leader Elect: (02:36:19)
Thank you. First of all, I just want to say what they did in Philadelphia, when they closed us out and made us go to court to do what we should have legally been able to do, is a travesty to what we in Pennsylvania, need, to have confidence in our elections. That should never happen again, and we should probably tighten our laws so that it can’t. Secondly, I’m extremely bothered by the absentee ballot and the mail-in ballot request number being almost 700,000 off, from what we received.

Senator Kim Ward – Madam Majority Leader Elect: (02:36:53)
We just did try to get on the Department of State, and they did take down their dashboard, so we can’t even check it. If you have any of that information, any pictures or any website downloads, we would really appreciate having those, because they took them down. I don’t know. Everything they do, it looks like they’re trying to hide something, and really, really continues to erode any kind of confidence in our process.

Rudy Giuliani: (02:37:17)
Senator, what I would suggest is, they decided that morning or maybe a couple of days before, to exclude you, because they knew what they were going to do. It wasn’t an accidental sort of whim to exclude all Republicans. It’s unheard of to exclude all Republicans. They excluded you because of what you would see. You would see ballots that weren’t properly filled out. You would see ballots that were filled out at the last minute. You would see them start to get reports of how far behind they were, because they were connecting to Dominion and Smartmatic, and they were telling them how far behind they were.

Rudy Giuliani: (02:37:57)
You would have caught them right in the middle of the fraud. Why create this big problem for yourself of excluding Republicans in six states, hundreds and maybe thousands of them, if you’re not doing something wrong? If you’re doing something as the Senator said, that’s kosher, come on, look, who cares? This big thing wasn’t done because they were conducting an honest vote. It’s kind of crazy to think that. This was done because they knew this is the only way they could steal this election. When he was ahead by those numbers on Tuesday night, Wednesday morning, they panicked.

Rudy Giuliani: (02:38:34)
I’ll also tell you there’s an expert witness who can testify that this pattern fits the pattern that Smartmatic used in two elections that they stole from South America. When the election was getting too far away, they called a halt in the voting count. Well, there was a halt called in six places, including in Pennsylvania. In one place, they made believe there was an overflowed water tank. It happened to be one little toilet bowl. They took a two hour halt, and in Michigan, they brought in a hundred thousand ballots through the back door and counted them with nobody observing them, except three people who happened to be remaining behind.

Rudy Giuliani: (02:39:18)
That’s evidence that’s also in affidavits and could be presented to the Michigan Legislature. Those people are willing to testify. Just one other thing, these people are very brave people. A lot of people are testifying. They’re backed up by 50 more who are willing to testify. Obviously, we can’t present all of them. I want you to know that all of them are backed up by numerous witnesses who say the same thing, but there are probably another 50 who are not willing to testify, including probably what would have been one of our best witnesses, because he’s been threatened with the loss of his job and his children being thrown out of their private school.

Senator Kim Ward – Madam Majority Leader Elect: (02:40:00)
Thank you very much, Mr. Mayor. Thank you.

Kim Ward: (02:40:03)
Thank you very much, Mr. Mayor. Thank you.

Senator Argall: (02:40:04)
Thank you, Senator. Let’s try our Zoom capabilities here. Senator Michele Brooks, calling in from Northwestern Pennsylvania.

Michele Brooks: (02:40:15)
Thank you, Senator Argall. I did want to make two comments first. I join my colleagues in being concerned about the arbitrary Supreme Court decisions and their decision to decide to be legislators. And all Pennsylvanians need to be concerned about this. It’s not only the election or redrawing maps, what’s going to be next that impacts our state? And so not only do we need to be looking at what happened with this election, we need to be looking at how we can stop the Pennsylvania Supreme Court from wanting to legislate when that’s not what they’re supposed to be doing. And it’s very disconcerting the decisions they made contrary to state law in regards to this election.

Michele Brooks: (02:41:15)
My question is, if you could talk about the drop-off boxes, again something the Pennsylvania Supreme Court allowed. Talk about the security around them. I know in my area, I did not have a significant amount of drop boxes, but can you talk about what type of security or parameters of safety were around these drop-off boxes and also how many ballots were collected in these drop boxes? Thank you.

Rudy Giuliani: (02:41:52)
That of course is the subject of another lawsuit that was brought the other day. I only know it generally, the drop-off boxes were provided, speaking very broadly, in the Democrat part of the state, not in the Republican parts of the state. There were many, many, many very close to each other in Philadelphia, in Allegheny County, places like that, they were miles and miles apart in other places. And as far as I can tell, I’ve only read the lawsuit, I don’t know the details of it, there was no security for them. And there are many situations where very suspicious activity was seen with people dropping off, you’re not supposed to harvest votes, people were dropping off 30 and 40 ballots at a time. That’s a pretty big family.

Rudy Giuliani: (02:42:48)
They’re going to have a tough time this Thanksgiving, by the way, with [inaudible 00:02:51]. They’re going to have to eat in like four or five different tents with, hopefully there’ll be able to celebrate Thanksgiving, but I’m sorry. I don’t know the details of that, but it is the subject of another lawsuit and the decision of your Supreme Court that is completely outrageous is the one in which they say that present means just being there. I mean, there was a movie with Peter Sellers called Being There. I don’t know if you have a saw it but he was a potted plant. That’s totally absurd to think that when you passed the rule that there should be present representatives of both sides or all sides that you meant for them to sit there and look at the drapes. I mean, they were supposed to be there as the intermediate court decided.

Rudy Giuliani: (02:43:40)
This case was decided by the intermediate appellate court in the president’s favor with a very sensible decision saying present in this context can mean only one thing, present in order to see the identifying data. And in a completely political decision [crosstalk 02:43:57], they ruled what I would regard as it was totally irrational ruling, which we will appeal to the Supreme Court. I think it was embarrassing-

Senator Argall: (02:44:08)
Thank you.

Rudy Giuliani: (02:44:09)
… for them to rule that way.

Senator Argall: (02:44:12)
Thank you.

Senator Argall: (02:44:12)
Senator Judy Ward.

Judy Ward: (02:44:19)
Thank you. I also want to thank our testifiers today. They were incredibly brave. And what I heard today was so troubling to me. I don’t know if I’ll ever get it out of my head, and I’m sickened by the fact that it happened here on our watch. In regards to doing a forensic audit, would this be able to be done or be anywhere accurate? Does anybody know?

Rudy Giuliani: (02:44:53)
I was just looking around for my two experts. He came over to tell me that all of the material that we have, forensic material we have is archived and we can easily make it available to you online. And you can look it over. I don’t understand all of it, but maybe I have people help me understand it, but yes, you could do a forensic audit of the machines.

Female: (02:45:17)
Do it.

Rudy Giuliani: (02:45:18)
You could do that.

Senator Argall: (02:45:20)
Thank you.

Rudy Giuliani: (02:45:24)
I think it would be very, very helpful. I understand that even one machine would give you a great deal of information about how the whole system operates and how they slip votes in at various times. And you’re not supposed to be connected to the internet in the counting room, but they were connected to the internet. And your tally was being sent to Frankfurt, Germany, where it was being analyzed.

Senator Argall: (02:45:51)
We have a question from Senator Langerholc out in Johnstown connected via Zoom. Wayne, can you hear me?

Wayne Langerholc: (02:46:00)

Senator Argall: (02:46:00)
Thank you.

Wayne Langerholc: (02:46:01)
Can you hear me?

Senator Argall: (02:46:01)
Yes loud and clear.

Wayne Langerholc: (02:46:02)
Thank you. Thank you, Senator Argall. Thank you, Senator Mastriano. I thank the testifiers for being here. Mr. Mayor, thank you for your testimony. I’ve been vocal that we must allow this legal process to play out and a country that we live in that we do not allow that is not a country that I want to be a part of. My question is on that legal review and on those legal process.

Wayne Langerholc: (02:46:25)
Mr. Mayor, can you give us an indication of how many lawsuits are pending, where they’re at and the various appellate processes? And second part to that, the allegations of the mail-in ballots, the 1.8 versus the 2.5 that came in, is that the substance of a lawsuit? Thank you.

Jenna Ellis: (02:46:47)
This is Jenna Ellis and the Mayor has asked me to answer this question. So as far as the campaign is concerned, we have pending lawsuits here in Pennsylvania that’s going up to the third circuit that granted an expedited review. We also have pending litigation in Nevada. We also have recounts in Georgia and Wisconsin, and we also have a pending lawsuit in Michigan. So regarding the mail-in specifically, we are still looking at all of the other legal options, and we are also planning on filing additional litigation by the end of this week. I won’t go into detail on that other than to say that this is asking for a judicial remedy to this.

Jenna Ellis: (02:47:31)
Also, I’ll invite the question from the panel as well, in terms of a remedy. Part of what we are asking, or what we did ask initially was to stop certification so that we could get to the bottom of this process. Clearly you’ve heard sufficient evidence today that would lead any reasonable finder of fact to say that there’s been sufficient evidence that you should stop that, that you should not move forward with certification. What we would ask the judiciary in terms of remedy can be legislative as well under the constitution. And I would direct your attention to Article 2 section 1.2, which says that each state shall appoint in such manner as the legislature thereof may direct a number of electors.

Jenna Ellis: (02:48:13)
And so you, the legislature without judicial oversight can direct and take back that power. You have the opportunity as the legislature and legislature in this context means the state legislature. So although there has been delegated authority to your secretary of state and in according to your law at any time, you can take back that power. And that is the provision and the protection that is embedded in the constitution to make sure that when there are instances of corruption in a state that the state legislature, which is the representatives of we the people, all of these wonderful people who are here in Pennsylvania and all of your constituencies who voted and who want their voice to be heard. Because we are a government of the people, by the people, for the people, we the people need to submit, need to submit our vote.

Jenna Ellis: (02:49:11)
And so I would say in terms of a remedy, you may fashion that even outside the purview of the litigation that we are now bringing, and I’m happy to go into that into more detail if the panel would prefer.

Senator Argall: (02:49:24)
Thank you, Representative Kauffman.

Kauffman: (02:49:28)
Thank you very much. And thank you, Mr. Mayor for being here and Attorney Ellis. We appreciate your service to the nation because these are definitely difficult times. And all of those who have testified, it truly does take bravery to step out in situations like this and talk about your personal experience.

Kauffman: (02:49:51)
I wanted to direct this to Mayor Giuliani and Attorney Ellis. In the cured ballot issue, which or uncured ballot issue, the ability to cure in one area of the state and not in others, there is certainly to many of us seems to be unequal protection violation under the 14th Amendment. Can you quantify what you’ve found as far as maybe number or information as far as the number of ballots we’re talking and how widespread it is across the commonwealth, as far as, were there two counties that allowed for curing and, they were Philadelphia and Pittsburgh, or were there more counties out there that allowed for curing? That kind of information would be very helpful to us, I think.

Rudy Giuliani: (02:50:51)
There’s no question representatives that it went on. It went on in the two counties you mentioned and probably three or four more. Curing, in other words, it did not go on in the majority of counties, Republican or Democrat. Most of them were in [inaudible 02:51:09]. The elections commissioner sent out a notice advised that you could cure the ballot. If you check with your lawyer, your lawyer would say, “No, no, you can’t do that. The legislature has to provide for a cured ballot.” So your counties that were sticking to the strict letter of the law didn’t provide for curing. The counties that were acting, I would say illegally because the election commissioner doesn’t have the authority to make that change followed it. It does turn out that those are largely the Biden counties did the curing and the Trump counties didn’t do the curing.

Rudy Giuliani: (02:51:51)
It’s hard to know how many it affected. I could get you the number of actually cured ballots but I don’t think I can get you to the number that weren’t cured, who are the ones that were effective. And when argued this in front of the court, the judge said, “Well, maybe those people in the counties that didn’t allow curing should sue that county,” but that County didn’t do anything wrong. That county followed the law. The reason they were deprived of their right to vote on unequal basis is because other counties followed what would be the illegal advice of the Election Commission that you could cure a ballot for which there is no authority in state law.

Rudy Giuliani: (02:52:38)
So we will try to do better to get a good number there, but it’s hard to do because a lot of it affected people who just didn’t vote.

Kauffman: (02:52:48)
Sure. And-

Rudy Giuliani: (02:52:49)
But I do think the practice, in some cases the numbers are sufficient to overturn the election. In some cases, the numbers aren’t but what they do do is show how onerous and how draconian the measure they took to flip this election. I mean, some of them result in numbers that affect the outcome of the election like not examining the ballots, some of them don’t, but they’re still indications this was a deliberate fraud. This wasn’t just a couple of election officials kind of screwed up. This was a deliberate planned fraud. And that’s why the remedy, which seems kind of tough is justified.

Rudy Giuliani: (02:53:35)
If this were just a couple of mistakes, that would be a tough remedy, but this is a plan that was carried out throughout your entire state. And I submit it was carried out in concert with other Democrat organizations. And if you look carefully, they picked only Democrat cities, where they control law enforcement and the courts, and they can get ridiculous decisions like the first the decision they got from a judge in Philadelphia, who said, “Oh, you are present. Why do you have to see anything?” Well, because I’m an inspector. That’s why. That’s a purely political hack decision. And they knew they could get decisions like that in Philadelphia, in Detroit, if it were a different kind of election, Chicago, New York. Those are the kinds of cities they picked. They didn’t pick even in your state kind of neutral cities, Democrat, or Republican.

Kauffman: (02:54:34)
Thank you.

Senator Argall: (02:54:34)
Thank you. Representative Schemel.

Paul Schemel: (02:54:38)
Thank you, Mr. Chair. Three quick questions for three different testifiers. So we certainly know about the irregularities and inconsistencies you just detailed and inconsistency and you can’t prove a negative that’s why you can never prove votes that were never allowed to be cured. But in regard to allegations of fraud, I have questioned first and forgive me, I don’t remember names, but the gentleman here from Philadelphia who was denied admittance to observe in a poll.

Paul Schemel: (02:55:02)
You described being denied the ability to get into a polling place. Did you seek to be admitted to any other polling places and were also denied?

Speaker 10: (02:55:10)
I could have gone to other polling places where I heard there was problems, but we decided to move on to other problems. What was her name? I was actually at her polling place when she was being totally harassed, I was one of about five, six guys to stop the harassment-

Paul Schemel: (02:55:31)
So there was no polling place that you sought admission to in and around the city of Philadelphia that just allowed you in, when you displayed your orange card?

Speaker 10: (02:55:38)
I probably could have gone to that entire ward and had the same problem. We went out of that ward because there was other problems going on that day.

Paul Schemel: (02:55:48)
Okay. Next question for a gentleman next to you from the attorney from Florida, you were observing polls and the processes in the city of Pittsburgh. I believe that you described being kept away from being able to observe the tabulators and so forth. That was a problem we certainly saw in other places, in the city of Philadelphia. When you were eventually allowed to get closer where perhaps you could see the ballots and the votes, did you observe anything different about the behavior of the tabulators? Did their behavior change? Did their methodologies change? Anything to lead you to think that they were conducting the process one way when you weren’t observing and a different way when you were?

Speaker 11: (02:56:26)
In the first instance, we were never really able to get… There was only one element of the process where we were able to actually get reasonably close to see what a tabulator was doing. And that was with the overseas and military ballots. When overseas and military ballots come in, they come in a different format that’s not readable by the machines. And so there’s a individual that takes the ballots and then keys in the votes for the voters. And of that group, we could see about three or four of those people doing that transposition of those ballots.

Speaker 11: (02:57:07)
Beyond that… And that was for a very short period of time, and actually Friday evening, Friday after the election, they were beginning to tabulate overseas and military ballots. With that singular exception, we couldn’t actually see any ballot at that particular moment that you ask about. There was no opportunity to ever really see any ballot other than that situation. And there was one worker that was within 8 or 10 feet of us at the edge. And we did in fact see him do 35 Biden military ballots on a row, which we found to be kind of curious, but what he was doing did equate with the papers that he had in front of him.

Paul Schemel: (02:57:53)
Okay. Thanks. My final question for Mr. Giuliani. You’ve alleged fraud within our voting system and we’ve heard a lot of anecdotal evidence we have as representatives and senators, and you’ve presented a good deal today. But amongst the affidavits you have, do you have any affidavits from anyone who could be quantified as a whistleblower who actually was part of the fraud and is now willing to testify as to the fraud?

Rudy Giuliani: (02:58:18)
Yes, we do. We have, I believe… I have to check this, but I believe sometimes I get the states a little confused, but I believe there are three that would need a subpoena to protect themselves in order to testify.

Paul Schemel: (02:58:39)
Okay. And then I would presume that’s part of the legal-

Rudy Giuliani: (02:58:40)
I would say at least one of them is a Democrat. I’m not sure the other two.

Paul Schemel: (02:58:45)
… that’s part of your legal claims I would assume.

Rudy Giuliani: (02:58:48)
Yes, sir.

Paul Schemel: (02:58:49)
Very good. Thank you.

Rudy Giuliani: (02:58:49)
And if there’s a subpoena process, we could work with them to come forward. They’re frightened for their jobs and I don’t want to make too much of it, but they’re also frightened for their physical safety. I mean, this is a case in which one of the lawyers, one of our chief lawyers in the case had to leave because his family and his little children were threatened for representing the president of the United States. That’s not America.

Senator Argall: (02:59:16)
Representative Jones.

Mike Jones: (02:59:23)
Can you hear me? Okay, great. Thank you, Mr. Chairman. I appreciate it. Thanks to everyone who testified. I do have a question, but a couple just comments to sort of get on the record. For those that maybe think this is like, we just don’t like the result, that’s not really the case. I’ve spent weeks since the election having numerous people go through data. And for the sake of time, I just want to highlight a couple of examples why some of these things just at a minimum, they certainly make you scratch your head a little bit.

Mike Jones: (02:59:57)
One thing is voter registration trends that we went back to 2004 and all of the presidential elections, and pretty much without exception, the registration trends in a given county are a pretty good indicator of how the votes would go. Statewide for example, Democrats had a 1.1 million, I’m rounding the numbers here in 2012, about a 1.1 million voter registration advantage. And then President Obama won re-election. In 2016, that number was down to 900,000, just under 900,000. And as we know, President Trump won Pennsylvania by about 44,000 votes.

Mike Jones: (03:00:34)
In the weeks leading and the months leading up to the election, Republicans were gaining about five to 10,000 votes registrations at least per week. I know that because I was spearheading our York, Pennsylvania for Trump effort in my spare time. And what had been a 900,000 advantage at election day was down to about 680,000.

Male: (03:00:57)

Mike Jones: (03:00:57)
That’s a couple hundred thousand almost all of which occurred in the six months or so leading up to the election yet the president loses by 90,000 votes. Not impossible, just want to get it out there. Let’s drill down a little further. My home county of York County, which netted more votes for the president than any other in 2016, we had a 13,000 increase in Republican registrations. Democrats dropped a thousand, Republicans increased 12,000 yet the president’s margin of victory decreased by 2,000.

Mike Jones: (03:01:32)
In Westmoreland County, there was a 26,000 votes swing, a county even smaller than York. Democrats saw a 10% decrease in registrations yet Joe Biden outperformed Hillary Clinton by more than 20%. It doesn’t prove anything, but I want to at least bring it to everyone’s attention that we’re just not sort of making things up here that we don’t like. Some of these are certainly head scratchers. When you lose 10,000 Democrat registrations gained 16,000, yet the margin of victory stays the same and Biden increases by 12,000 votes in that County, that’s surprising.

Mike Jones: (03:02:10)
Lastly, if I may, I want to talk a little bit about… I don’t know if the gentleman can testify or can return, but your witness on… The gentlemen with the military background on the voter fraud and so forth.

Male: (03:02:23)
[inaudible 00:22:24].

Mike Jones: (03:02:24)
Yes. Thank you, sir. I guess my question here is, do we believe, or have reason to believe that the mail-in would be more or less susceptible than the election day vote to manipulation? And here’s why I ask another head-scratcher. I’m comparing Republican to Republican, Democrat to Democrat. We all know that Biden did better with mail-in, and that was expected because a lot more Democrats voted by mail. And of course the president did better on election day. Nothing to see there. However, when we compare President Trump to a relatively unknown candidate named Stacy Garrity, who was elected, a Republican who won the race for treasurer, on election day, the president did 128,000 votes better than Ms. Garrity on election day. Not really all that surprising number of people don’t vote down-ballot and so forth yet with mail-in ballots, she did 41,000 better than the president.

Mike Jones: (03:03:28)
I have a hard time understanding that. Let’s go to Joe Biden. We have a relatively well-known attorney general here, Democrat, Josh Shapiro, who won reelection. He on election day, he defeated Joe Biden, 52,000 votes. He did 52,000 better than Joe Biden yet with the mail-ins Biden does 54,000 better than Shapiro. I just sort of want to get that on everybody’s radar. Maybe there’s an explanation, but I don’t really understand how Democratic mail-in voters are that much different than Democratic election day voters. And interestingly enough, apparently Republicans who vote by mail are much more likely to vote for the down-ballot candidate than on election day.

Mike Jones: (03:04:19)
Last comment there, part of the argument is that people didn’t vote down-ballot. That’s going to be a lot more prevalent on election day when you’ve waited in line for two hours, and you’re in a hurry to get out there. But this speaks to the opposite. With a mail-in ballot, you have plenty of time to complete your ballot and to go down-ballot. So if that was the case, the opposite should be true if you’re tracking with me. So I guess my question there is on, do we think the mail-in is more susceptible?

Mike Jones: (03:04:50)
And then lastly, maybe for you, Mr. Chairman, or whoever has a little more clout here than I do, we need, it is imperative that we secure the sure system data. And some of the things that we are questioning can be easily proven or disproven. We just want the facts. So for example, if we see huge numbers of inactive voters, I think one of the witnesses spoke to that, did we see huge numbers of inactive voters on the mail-in side? That’s all right there in the data. We know how frequently people voted. We know who requested mail-in ballots. Did we see multiple mail-in ballots going to the same address?

Mike Jones: (03:05:34)
It is mind boggling the record turnout that we saw in a state where mail-in voting is brand new during the time of COVID where the ground game was certainly hindered by that. Doesn’t mean it didn’t happen, but we have the data. This is a simple query of data. This is not a manual recount of ballots. This is a simple query of data that the state possesses specifically to say, did significant numbers of mail-in ballots go to the same address? I could do that myself in probably 10 minutes if I had the data. And did we see large numbers of inactive voters coming out for a candidate who had very little enthusiasm? And maybe it all happened, but we don’t have to speculate, the data’s there. And I would suggest we have a look at that.

Mike Jones: (03:06:27)
Thank you for humoring me with that. It’s just a topic we hadn’t touched on very much. I wanted to throw some examples out, and I am curious if you feel the mail-in is more susceptible or less susceptible than the in person voting?

Phil Waldron: (03:06:38)
Representatives Jones, the user’s manual for specifically the Dominion and the ES&S suites, they do allow the administrator to batch process mail-in votes. So what that does is that they process all the mail-in votes in a batch, and it can be a batch, they normally scan in batches of 50, but they can just chunk all of those votes into a batch file. The administrator then can select which candidate or what percentages of that mail-in ballot go to which candidate. So they’re very susceptible to individual manipulation by the administrator operator.

Mike Jones: (03:07:17)
If you were trying to move large numbers of votes, would it be more logical to do that through the mail-in where you had a large batch at a county level or am I speculating too much there?

Phil Waldron: (03:07:29)
Yes. To do a manual recount of all those ballots is much more time-consuming. And like we mentioned earlier, if they were mass produced, and they were single vote, then there is potential to add extra ballots to the county.

Mike Jones: (03:07:46)
Thank you very much and I appreciate you giving me the time Mr. Chairman. Also, I’m just curious what we heard the testimony with the USB sticks in Delaware, why that’s not being investigated. That seems like that would be criminal activity that we’ve heard here discussed and whether where law enforcement is on that. Probably not your immediate concern Mr. Mayor, but I’m curious about that as well. Thank you very much.

Senator Argall: (03:08:13)
Thank you. Representative Zimmerman.

Dave Zimmerman: (03:08:15)
Yeah. Thank you, Mr. Chairman, and thank you Mayor for coming to Pennsylvania and all those willing to testify, thank you so much. So just to comment, and then also a question. So in Lancaster County where I’m from, since May, we registered over 12,000 new Republicans and a large percent of those ended up being Amish. They might understand the difference between freedom and socialism more than most of us, but I think probably the audience is here for that reason as well.

Dave Zimmerman: (03:08:51)
That’s just a comment just for your information. The question I have, Mayor for you is that as legislators here in Pennsylvania, is there a one or two things that you would advise us or suggest to us that we really concentrate on or make to make a change? What comes to mind that would be most important for us to really do here in Pennsylvania?

Rudy Giuliani: (03:09:19)
First thing, of course, as a lawyer for my client, along with Jenna, we would ask you not to certify and to certify the correct honest votes, which I think can be arrived at several different ways. And probably the easiest way to arrive at it, just because of the huge number of votes, are the votes that were not properly inspect it. And when I say properly inspected, they weren’t inspected at all. You could almost consider them hidden votes, counted in a back room where everybody was smoking cigars.

Rudy Giuliani: (03:09:53)
And the reason you have a lot of votes without a down-ballot, you’re quite correct, Representative Jones, that it’s much easier to fill out your home. You can fill out the down-ballot than rushing through a machine. However, if you only have a half hour to get 10,000 votes in, you don’t have time to do the down-ballot, do you? If you’re sitting in a truck somewhere right near the place you’re going to bring in shopping bags… And I don’t think we have this evidence here, but we have this evidence in Michigan. We have evidence of trucks coming in with ballots in garbage pails and ballots in cardboard boxes.

Rudy Giuliani: (03:10:34)
So maybe it’s my prosecutors paranoia, but it seems to me that those ballots were filled out that night. And you don’t have time to vote for all those. You just got enough time to go… And that’s why you get this strange anomaly that there is so many down-ballots not filled out for Biden.

Phil Waldron: (03:10:57)
Can I add one thing?

Rudy Giuliani: (03:10:59)
Yes, sir.

Phil Waldron: (03:11:03)
I learned as a lieutenant never to bring a problem to my superiors without a solution. That’s one of the things I try to live to today. There are solutions that are available. I made the simple comment that your vote should be at least as secure as your Venmo account and it’s not. It’s easily fixable with app, with blockchain. There is a process out there that was developed by MIT. It’s called Voatz, V-O- A-T-Z. It’s being fielded now. The problem is there are no national standards for federal elections, and there are no enforceable standards. So if nothing else out of this election, if we have a set of enforceable standards and we use a technology like blockchain to ensure that every vote going through the whole process is transparent from soup to nuts, then we can ensure a technologically advanced secure election that’s not… An individual maybe manipulable but-

Speaker 12: (03:12:02)
An individual vote may be manipulable, but batches of votes would not be, so.

Speaker 13: (03:12:06)
Great. Great information. Thank you so much. Thank you, Mr. Chairman.

Senator David Argall: (03:12:09)
Thank you.

Jenna Ellis: (03:12:10)
Can I add one thing as well for the mayor?

Speaker 13: (03:12:12)
Oh, sure.

Jenna Ellis: (03:12:13)
So you asked what two things. Well, I think those two things are very clear that you have to deal with today and then you have to deal with the future. And the more pressing instance right now is today, and this body should deal with that in some way. And you are the constitutionally vested entity to do that. You have a variety of options in front of you. And when you deliberate together how to best address that, you have the constitutional authority and permission to do it. And so the mayor has suggested one possible remedy. There are others. And you could call for a special election, still. You can direct the manner of your electors. You have a variety of constitutional options, but one option should not be to ignore it and to certify a corrupted, irredeemably compromised election.

Jenna Ellis: (03:13:12)
So we would ask that you deal with that today. And then for the future, look at all of these things that you’ve raised. Look at all of the voting machines. Look at all of these people who are interfering, really. You have an executive office and branch that is runaway. You have from your governor to your secretary of state, to each of these individual election officers. This is election official fraud, and that’s what’s going on here. And for the sake of every future election, that should be addressed in the legislature, because you also have the constitutionally vested obligation to the people of the state to address that.

Jenna Ellis: (03:13:52)
So my recommendation, along with the mayor, and I sincerely applaud everything that he has said as well. And on behalf of our client, but on behalf of the nation, you’re right when you say that this isn’t just about overturning an election. It’s not about deriving the outcome. That’s what the fraudsters want to do. What we want to make sure of is that we the people get to select and prefer our Commander in Chief, and you have the obligation and the responsibility to ensure for the people of Pennsylvania that that occurs.

Senator David Argall: (03:14:20)
Thank you. Thank you very much. I believe we have Representative Metcalfe on Zoom with one final question. Daryl.

Rep. Daryl Metcalfe: (03:14:31)
Can you hear me, Senator Argall?

Senator David Argall: (03:14:32)
Loud and clear.

Rep. Daryl Metcalfe: (03:14:35)
Thank you, Senator Argall, Senator Mastriano, for hosting this very important hearing. It’s very important to the future of our Republic today. Thank you for the invitation to the House members that are joining you there today. Thank you for the invitation for me to join you via Zoom today, and thank you for the opportunity to provide some input and ask a question of Mayor Giuliani here today. But a lot of what’s been talked about, and I really appreciate Mayor Giuliani and the attorneys [inaudible 03:15:09] to the General Assembly to [inaudible 03:15:12] our constitutional authority regarding the certification of this election.

Rep. Daryl Metcalfe: (03:15:19)
I am a former state government committee chair that had oversight for the election law. For many years, I served in that position, not during the class term, but in the past. And we have battled in Pennsylvania to fight the fraud and fight the way that our election laws have been violated, not just for several cycles, but for decades. And we’ve actually had a state Senate race that was overturned, I believe in the Philadelphia area, back in the nineties because of fraud. So when we look at what has occurred here and really I appreciate Mayor Giuliani bringing all of those individuals before us today to provide a testimony at this hearing. And I think even more important, I hope that we get a chance to see that their testimony was heard in a court of law where a just ruling is found to protect every legal vote that was cast here in this election in November, and to discard all those votes that were not legally cast.

Rep. Daryl Metcalfe: (03:16:25)
And I think as we’ve been overwhelmed, as was mentioned by the senators at the beginning of this meeting, that as we came through election day, and prior up to that, we’d had about three and a half million people filing for unemployment because of the unconstitutional dictates of Wolf to shut down businesses and stop people from going to work in Pennsylvania. And we were just overwhelmed with those calls. But since election day, we have been overwhelmed with calls from individuals who are distraught, distraught over the future of our Republic, the future of our future elections, and being able to ensure that people are having their legitimate legal votes counted to elect who’s going to govern them. And right now with the examples that we’re shown here today with these witnesses, a lot of the people that have been calling my office and emailing me, they are demanding action.

Rep. Daryl Metcalfe: (03:17:23)
And as we’ve heard today, there’s a lot of citizens out there that have important information that needs to be shared in the courtroom to ensure that these fraudulent activities, and I mean, a lot of times when people talk about fraud, they’re thinking of impersonation. But that’s not what we’re talking about. We’re talking about fraudulent activities as far as a fraudulent election, because they’ve not abided by the laws that have been passed by we the people through our elected legislature, as the U.S. Constitution, as our State Constitution, as our laws provide for to facilitate our elections.

Rep. Daryl Metcalfe: (03:18:05)
So Mayor Giuliani, as we move forward. And I stand with Senator Mastriano and others that are there today. I actually sent an email out while I was listening to some of the testimony today given at the hearing to the whole Republican caucus in the Pennsylvania House to encourage them to sign on and listen to what was happening today with this information that I think they all need to hear, and that every Pennsylvanian, every American needs to hear. To help encourage our citizens, Mayor Giuliani, as you move forward in the court battle, I know the press has been continually day after day saying no evidence, no evidence, no evidence. Well, I think we heard a lot today. Do you expect that you’re going to have an opportunity in the right level of courts in our state and our nation to have this evidence presented by some of these people here today and others that you have signing affidavits?

Rudy Giuliani: (03:19:02)
Yes, I am. I’m certain that there will be a court decision that will allow us to present our evidence. The case in Pennsylvania was dismissed on a motion to dismiss in which the judge made factual findings against us, basically saying he thought our claims were absurd. Of course, he has no right to do that on a motion to dismiss. On a motion to dismiss, he has to assume that everything we’re saying is true. And I think it was just done to delay us. And I can’t imagine a judge giving a correct decision here that wouldn’t at least allow us to have a factual hearing. And the reason we came to you and some of the other state legislators is because I believe that we’re being denied our right to a hearing by the courts. But then again, you do have responsibilities equal if not superior to the courts to oversee these elections.

Rudy Giuliani: (03:20:03)
So we’ve made similar requests to the legislature in Michigan, Arizona, and Georgia. And we’re very hopeful that next week we’ll get to present to them as we also press for a hearing in court. I think it is really important for the American people to see these are not my claims or Jenna’s claims or President Trump’s claims. And many of these people came to us because they’re so upset. These are the complaints of the American people. And I’m more than happy to make available to you an outline of the other affidavits. It would have been impossible to produce all the witnesses, but I can show you that for each one of these witnesses, there are anywhere from 15 to 50 other witnesses who saw the same thing.

Rudy Giuliani: (03:20:54)
I have a list just in Pittsburgh alone of 27. I have a list in Philadelphia of 32. I have a list of about 40 witnesses on cure. Even though the numbers aren’t ascertainable, there’s still a lot. None of the things we’re saying to you are just arguments. This this evidence. I keep explaining to people, affidavits are the best evidence you can have until somebody actually gets into court and swears. And our evidence is under oath. Their claims are just claims.

Senator David Argall: (03:21:30)
We have one additional question of online from Representative-

Rep. Daryl Metcalfe: (03:21:33)
Thank you.

Rudy Giuliani: (03:21:33)
Thank you, sir.

Senator David Argall: (03:21:34)
Thank you, Daryl. From Representative Keefer.

Rep. Daryl Metcalfe: (03:21:36)
Thank you, Senator Argall. Thank you, Senator Argall. Thank you, Mayor Giuliani.

Senator David Argall: (03:21:43)
Representative Dawn Keefer.

Rudy Giuliani: (03:21:43)
Thank you.

Rep. Dawn Keefer: (03:21:45)
Thank you. Thank you, Senator Mastriano for hosting this, and thank you mayor, for all of the testimony that you have brought forward. Two questions I have. First is regarding testimony that we received on the pink highlighted ballots that were scanned through and submitted, and then they were able to be re, I guess, re-documented, and then scanned through again. Is there any action being taken on that, given the number of ballots that we’re talking about there?

Rudy Giuliani: (03:22:13)
Do you have the answer to that?

Speaker 14: (03:22:19)
I don’t. That’s a state issue.

Rudy Giuliani: (03:22:20)
I’m not know the answer to that, but I’ll get it for you.

Rep. Dawn Keefer: (03:22:24)

Rudy Giuliani: (03:22:24)
That’s not something we [crosstalk 00:10:25]-

Rep. Dawn Keefer: (03:22:30)
Okay. That would be great to know-

Rudy Giuliani: (03:22:30)
We will find out. That’s a very good point and-

Rep. Dawn Keefer: (03:22:30)
Because I know we saw a lot of that, either speculation [inaudible 03:22:32] that people were just blindly filling out these ballots, but there is supposed to be a process. And it was my understanding that that process was supposed to be videoed or live streamed and witnessed by majority and minority inspector when you are recreating a ballot that is not able to be scanned. So that would be good to know.

Rep. Dawn Keefer: (03:22:52)
And the second thing is, Attorney Ellis. You had made a comment regarding what our constitutional ability is. And so while we understand what the Constitution does say as far as us taking responsibility and we could intervene in certain sectors, while the Constitution gave us that ability, it’s been explained to us by attorneys that we took that power that was given to us as General Assembly members and we put it into statute, and that statute says how we appoint our electors and how we certify the elections. It’s all spelled out in our Pennsylvania Code based upon the power that we have from the Constitution.

Rep. Dawn Keefer: (03:23:38)
You have a differing legal opinion of that.

Jenna Ellis: (03:23:41)
Yes, I do. And I think that our collective, and with my co-counsel here, you can take that power back at any time. And when you have the delegation of authority, the legislature can take that back. And you also have an instance here that the law was completely ignored. So even though you have a manner in which your electors are generally selected in Pennsylvania, and that’s worked for the past presidential elections since those statutes were authorized and gone through the legislature, this is an election that has been corrupted. And so you can’t go through that method, and those laws were violated, and the General Assembly here, or the legislature, is the authorized entity in the Constitution that selects the manner.

Jenna Ellis: (03:24:29)
You can take that power back at any time. And so when the laws were ignored and that’s where we have and why we have all of this evidence to bring to you, is to show you each of these different types of ways that election officials have violated the manner in which you, as the General Assembly have prescribed in the law, how you select your electors. Because they violated that law, you have the constitutional authority to craft a remedy. You can take that power back at any time. You don’t need a court to tell you that. So, absolutely, and you can look at that. You can look at the federal law for elections. This is your constitutional prerogative. State legislature in the context of Article Two, section 1.2, means state legislature, period.

Rudy Giuliani: (03:25:14)
You also delegated it to the very people whose conduct is in question, and you’re asking them to investigate themselves. So given the fact that this is your sole constitutional right and authority, you can always assume constitutional authority that you’ve delegated back. You also have a rational basis for doing it because you’re asking them, I mean, this was done, one might argue, or at least that’s one of the interpretations of the fact, deliberately by the Governor, by the Elections Commissioner, who issued absurd opinions telling people to violate the law. And then you’re going to ask them to make a decision on the election that allegedly they corrupted. It would seem to me, you have a perfect right to take that back and make that decision to no vote.

Senator David Argall: (03:26:12)
Thank you. Thank you very much. I want to thank everyone for your patience, the public, our many witnesses, our senators and representatives. As you’ve seen today, this COVID pandemic has made holding a public hearing a little bit more challenging than usual, but we have still received an enormous amount of information today, information that we will share with every one of our members. There is no doubt in my mind that we will pass legislation in the House and the Senate based on what we have learned today. I also want to thank a Senator Mastriano. Doug and his staff have been enormously helpful today. It really goes without saying we would not be here without Doug Mastriano, and so I’m going to give him the last word because I know even if I didn’t, he’ll take it anyway, and he deserves to have it. Doug.

Senator Doug Mastriano: (03:27:23)
I love you, Senator Argall. Thank you for being willing to use your committee to do this hearing. So we pulled the trigger yesterday morning around 9:00 AM, and look what happened here. And as Jesus said, “You shall know the truth and the truth shall set you free.” Guess what? Guess what? The truth’s out there. Media, you should have found these witnesses. You need to do your job. Now you see them out here. Do your job. You’re essential to this Republic, and without you doing your job instead of being partisan hacks. This Republic can’t stand. So now you got some information. You got some witnesses with courage. These people are heroes to me. As a retired Army Colonel, I look at them and I say, you guys are outstanding. Thanks for being willing to step up.

Senator Doug Mastriano: (03:28:07)
Because I am cognizant that the so-called tolerant people on the left will not show much love or tolerance to people they disagree with. And so thank you for standing, because you are warriors being able to stand for and save this Republic. So thank you for going forward here. I mean, indeed, I started as off quoting for John Adams. We are in Adams County. You know, facts are stubborn things. There’s a lot of hard facts out there. And guess what? As history and change in 1863 in Gettysburg back then, it’s July first, second or third. So on this day, history is changing for our country and state back at Gettysburg once again.

Senator Doug Mastriano: (03:28:49)
I mean, I don’t even know how this happened in America. We could send, 50 years ago, men to the moon, but we can’t have a safe, secure election in Philadelphia in Pennsylvania. What’s going on here? It’s got to be by design because we have the technology. We have stealth aircraft that are the envy of the world, but we can’t run an election better than Afghanistan? Congressman Perry, you and were in Afghanistan, and I don’t know how in the heck Afghanistan has more secure, safe elections than Pennsylvania does. I mean, beam me up Scotty. There’s no sign of intelligent life anywhere. Really. We move heaven and earth with American dollars to secure elections in Iraq and Afghanistan and elsewhere. We can’t do it in our own state? It’s by design. There’s people in Pennsylvania, not interested in safe, secure elections, and we have to correct this. There’s two things that need to happen.

Senator Doug Mastriano: (03:29:34)
First off. We need to make sure that the real winner is sent forth from this presidential election. And number two, we need to fix this so this doesn’t happen ever again. You know, I can’t believe, I can’t believe we’re having this conversation here in Pennsylvania. You know, this is the kind of stuff I hear about that goes on in Belarus under Lukashenko or in Russia under Putin, or under Saddam Hussein’s Iraq. Really? Here in our state? I mean, this is disgusting to me. You know, I watched, when I was doing strategy in Russia, Putin’s people stuffing ballot boxes, the same thing that happened in Pennsylvania. When I saw that 15, 20 years ago was like, “Well, thank God we’re not like that.” What happened? What happened?

Speaker 15: (03:30:22)
We won’t let it stand.

Senator Doug Mastriano: (03:30:23)
And we’re not going to let it stand. You know, you have to forgive people because we are a constitutional Republic, so I’ll forgive those that say democracy, but I saw one man had a sign in Philadelphia and the irony wasn’t lost on me. Democracy dies in Philadelphia. Can you imagine the irony of that? You know where the light of liberty was lit in 1776, it transformed this world where in this very same state, a new birth of freedom. And then of course let’s not forget 2001, Todd Beamer, let’s roll. You know what? It’s our time to roll. This is no time. You know, Democracy can die in darkness, in dark rooms with no transparency and accountability. We’re shining light on his darkness here. We’re going to take our state back. We’re not standing aside in this hour. You know, as Representative Metcalfe rightly said, in 1994, there was so much shenanigans and cheating in the Marks v. Stinson case that a federal district judge throughout the election results, took a Senator out of Harrisburg, state Senator, and put the Republican in because the election results were of course so corrupted. So we do have a precedent here, federal courts, and I hope you take a hard look at that here.

Senator Doug Mastriano: (03:31:34)
Has our election results in Pennsylvania at the presidential and other levels been so corrupted that the results have to be thrown out? That’s going to be a case you’re going to have to make before the Supreme Court there, but it sure sounds like something stinks in Denmark or in Philadelphia. I don’t know. You know, one vote, one person, one legal per person, and any cheating goes in there, disenfranchises an American. I can’t believe this is happening here and we’re not going to let it stand. I don’t know why it’s so hard. You know, I know it’s hard because this has been going on here for a lot longer than we imagined. But in Galatians 6:9, we’re told by St. Paul, “Grow not weary doing good because in due time you’ll reap your harvest.” We’re going to reap our harvest.

Senator Doug Mastriano: (03:32:21)
The time for the dithering and deliberation is over. It’s time for decisive action. We have to protect our Commonwealth and our nation. The eyes of the world are upon us and let’s turn the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania from a laughing stock to the pride of the world once again, as we have always been and need to be again. This is our day. This is our hour. This is our time. So yes, Mr. Franklin, a Republic if you can keep it. We’re going to keep it. Can you keep it? Can you? Will you? We’re going to keep the Republic. Thank you and God bless you all.

Senator David Argall: (03:33:03)
Thank you all. We stand adjourned.

Senator David Argall: (03:33:04)