Climate Change: What’s Real and What’s Artificial?

Claim 7. Temperatures have risen faster in recent years than ever before.

Truth: Remember that there is no such thing as a global temperature. It is the average of all of the reporting stations all over the world. The rapid rise in temperatures in the 1990s directly coincides with a decrease in the number of Siberian weather stations reporting due to the break-up of the Soviet Union.

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Number of World Reporting Stations & Average Temperatures (vertical bars)

Source: Ross McKitrick, http://www.rossmckitrick.com/

Additionally, the “hottest year on record”, 1998, was an El Nino year so it was naturally hotter than the years just before and after. Another “cause” of rising average global temperatures is the urban heat island effect. Cities are hotter than rural areas. Many of the reporting stations that were once in undeveloped rural areas have experienced either suburban or urban development, or the stations have been moved to more urban settings. It is well documented that some have been, seemingly intentionally, relocated near or at heat sources such as paved parking lots and air conditioners.

One reason for relocation near buildings or other structures could be that new automatic-reporting equipment needs to be connected by cable. Rather than dig up parking lots or roads to install units in a grassy or protected area, many have opted to locate them where they can be directly connected without involving costly excavation, although such sites do not meet the stated requirements. Instead of excluding data from stations that are poorly situated, a convoluted mathematical algorithm (scheme) is used to “correct” it to presumed pre-industrial levels. See illustrations below.

Urban Heat 6Urban Heat 8Urban Heat 7

Urban area plus mathematical correction algorithm equals pristine nature

Source: “The Influence of anthropic surface processes and inhomogeneities on gridded global climate data” Slide 21, Powerpoint presentation to the American Chemical Society, Denver CO via Webinar, August 28 2011 by Ross McKitrick, Department of Economics, University of Guelph, Guelph ON Canada  http://www.rossmckitrick.com/general-overviews.html

Proposed rating of reporting stations with regard to surroundings:

Urban Heat 5

Figure 3. U.S. Historical Climate Network (USHCN) station exposure at sites representative of each CRN class: CRN 1, a clear flat surface with sensors located at least 100 m from artificial heating and vegetation ground cover <10 cm high; CRN 2, same as CRN 1 with surrounding vegetation <25 cm and artificial heating sources within 30 m; CRN 3, same as CRN 2, except no artificial heating sources within 10 m; CRN 4, artificial heating sources <10 m; and CRN 5, sensor located next to/above an artificial heating source.

Source:  “Analysis of the impacts of station exposure on the U.S. Historical Climatology Network temperatures and temperature trends,” Souleymane Fall, Anthony Watts, John NielsenGammon, Evan Jones, Dev Niyogi, John R. Christy,5and Roger A. Pielke Sr., Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 116, D116, D14120  doi:10.1029/2010JD015146, 2011

See other examples below of poor placement of temperature reporting stations from “Is the Western Climate Establishment Corrupt?” The public might not understand the science, but they do understand cheating, Dr. David Evans, 11 Nov 2010 (last updated 28 Feb 2011) Web Address: jonova.s3.amazonaws.com/corruption/climate-corruption.pdf

 Urban Heat 4

Urban Heat 1

Urban Heat 2

 

Urban Heat 3

Claim 7 source is book, Perverted Truth Exposed: How Progressive Philosophy has Corrupted Science, 2016

Covid-19 “Airborne” Confusion Clarified

Truth about “Airborne” Covid-19

IMPORTANT: “Airborne” confusion: Covid-19 is only “airborne” as droplets that quickly fall to surfaces.

Covid-19 is NOT “airborne” as an aerosol that hangs and drifts freely in the air for longer periods like flu.

If Covid-19 was like flu, your mask would offer very little protection. The virus could enter through your eyes.  Social distancing would be meaningless because the virus would float freely over greater distances and for longer times.

The best way to avoid Covid-19 is by avoiding sick people, social distancing, wearing masks in public and cleaning surfaces frequently, including your hands.  Also remember to avoid touching your face, nose, mouth or eyes. Once your hands have touched anything that could be contaminated, virus could be transferred to anything including your cell phone, wallet, steering wheel, child, dog, etc and be picked up by you or others later.

Straightening your mask with contaminated hands may transfer the virus to your face, nose, eyes.  Wearing a mask improperly or reusing it without washing it could be worse than not wearing it at all.

Gloves are not recommended. Wearing gloves only protects your hands, not your face, etc. from virus picked up on the outside of contaminated gloves.  Covid-19 virus can live on surfaces for several days, depending on the material. so frequent use of  hand sanitizers, disinfectant wipes and sprays are recommended.

 

The Case for Intelligent Design

Stephen C. Meyer | The Ben Shapiro Show Sunday Special Ep. 43 •Mar 24, 2019
TO Buy this book from Amazon click on the link below.
Darwin’s Doubt: The Explosive Origin of Animal Life and the Case for Intelligent Design
by Stephen C. Meyer  | Jun 3, 2014

COVID-19 Briefing: Current Quarantine Approach Is Wrong, Based on Science

important information:  Current Quarantine Approach IS Wrong Based on Science | Dr Erickson & Dr Massihi Pt1

This Youtube video, though lengthy, is worth the time. It puts into perspective the CoVid-19 pandemic as compared to recent influenza outbreaks in the United States.  It gives reasons why the country should be opened, now that better data is available, rather than initial academic models. Previous quarantines isolated the sick and vulnerable, not the healthy population at large. If current data had been available in the beginning, there probably would never have been a shut down of schools, group activities and the economy. Rather, there would have been an emphasis on protecting the elderly and infirm along with common sense hygiene measures.

NOTE: Part 2 was removed from Youtube for “violating community standards.” Meaning, there were political views that did not agree with the Youtube algorithm, which favors a leftist view.

Is CO2 a poison and is carbon capture a good idea?

Carbon Dioxide bubbles in soda – Wikipedia

Carbon Dioxide: Hero or Villian?

Effects of Carbon Dioxide (CO2) on our bodies –  CO2  is not a poison or a pollutant. It only kills by displacing oxygen, causing suffocation from lack of oxygen. Carbon Dioxide and Nitrogen are both suffocants, not poisons. We need CO2 to build up in our blood (as a product of metabolism) to trigger our smother response and prompt our bodies to take a spontaneous breath. The reason Nitrogen (gas or liquid) is so dangerous to work with is because Nitrogen doesn’t trigger the smother response that tells us we are suffocating. CO2 continues to be expelled, but no oxygen is carried to the cells, so that unconsciousness and death come without warning.

Dangers of Carbon Monoxide (CO) – On the other hand, Carbon Monoxide, CO, from incomplete combustion, is a poison. It permanently attaches to oxygen/ carbon dioxide receptors in red blood cells, so that less oxygen is carried to the cells and less CO2 is expelled.  When enough red blood cells are compromised, unconsciousness and death follow. Full recovery only comes when the poisoned red blood cells are destroyed and replaced with new cells, which can take up to 120 days.

A less than lethal dose or chronic low level exposure to carbon monoxide (CO) results in flu like symptoms, headache, malaise, breathlessness, etc. These conditions may occur over time without our knowledge due to improperly ventilated hydrocarbon heaters or fireplaces and leaking or blocked chimney flues or leaking auto exhausts.  I experienced this in an old house I was renting when the chimney collapsed inside my bedroom wall. I had flu like symptoms for several weeks before I realized what was happening.

Effects of adding CO2 on plant growth .

Benefits of Carbon Dioxide (CO2) –  Plants need CO2 to make sugars by photosynthesis and to grow. Lower levels of CO2 result in stunted growth. Greenhouses often pump in extra CO2 to enhance growth. If the level in the atmosphere is reduced as much as the environmentalists advocate, crops and forests will suffer. Our slightly elevated level, at 400 ppm, up from 295 ppm seventy years ago, has had a beneficial greening effect on forests, crops, deserts, grasslands and oceans. Plants with elevated CO2 also lose less water due to reduced pore size so that they are more tolerant of dry conditions. Overall, the added CO2 in the atmosphere has increased crop yields and improved lives in poor countries.

What about Carbon Capture? – There is a lot of talk about carbon capture. By that they mean to capture CO2 from fossil fuel burning and force it underground for long term storage. No workable system has been developed yet. But if we could, is it practical or even safe? The problem with this scenario is that gases have a nasty habit of moving around and even erupting to kill wildlife and people. The truth is that unless that CO2 is permanently converted to carbonate rock or other solid form such as biomass, the stored gas can erupt and kill without warning.  An infamous example is the Lake Nyos, Cameroon, disaster that suffocated and killed over 1700 people in 1986. Without warning the gas erupted from the bottom of the lake, blanketed the entire valley and smothered everyone and all the animals in its path. See Wikipedia article here for more details.

Lake Nyos as it appeared eight days after the eruption – Wikipedia

Assuming we would want to remove the man made CO2 from exhaust gases, other means of removing some of the CO2 include scrubbing with solvents in industrial settings, or recycling the CO2 through other chemical processes, or using it to enhance growth in greenhouses and using it to grow tanks of algae that can be harvested, dried and used as feed stock for burning in power plants, etc.

What about Carbon Dioxide and Climate Change? In an earlier post I explained the scientific reasons why Carbon Dioxide is not the driver of Climate Change, but is a trailing indicator of warming.  See link below. Most of the warming due to Carbon Dioxide occurred in the distant past. Otherwise we would be a frozen planet. The atmosphere is at near-maximum absorption of heat by CO2.  Any additional Carbon Dioxide will have very little effect. Water vapor, ocean currents and the sun are among the major drivers of global warming or cooling, none of which are well understood and can’t be controlled by man. As such, these other drivers are ignored by the environmentalists whose real goal is to impose socialist style control on us, while claiming to save us from climate change.

See post AGW Claims vs. Truth – 2. Carbon Dioxide and Warming

Two strains? Italy has the BAD strain. Three weeks from Three Patients to Collapsing Hospitals. — The Wentworth Report

Two strains? Italy has the BAD strain. Three weeks from Three Patients to Collapsing Hospitals. By Joanne Nova. Figures from South Korea and the Diamond Princess may not be a good guide to what’s happening in Italy and Iran. There something seriously different going on there. Death rates are much higher than expected. Three weeks […]

via Two strains? Italy has the BAD strain. Three weeks from Three Patients to Collapsing Hospitals. — The Wentworth Report

The Intellectual and Moral Decline in Academic Research — The Wentworth Report

The Intellectual and Moral Decline in Academic Research, by Edward Archer. My experiences at four research universities and as a National Institutes of Health (NIH) research fellow taught me that the relentless pursuit of taxpayer funding has eliminated curiosity, basic competence, and scientific integrity in many fields. Yet, more importantly, training in “science” is now […]

via The Intellectual and Moral Decline in Academic Research — The Wentworth Report

Peer Review Is Bunk — Big Picture News, Informed Analysis

A report I wrote for the Global Warming Policy Foundation was released today. It explains that peer-reviewed research is as likely to be wrong as right. Basing public policy on findings that haven’t yet been reproduced is nuts.

via Peer Review Is Bunk — Big Picture News, Informed Analysis

The Big Lie About CO2 — Principia Scientific International

Ever hear of the Big Lie Theory? The CO2 greenhouse warming theory is a gigantic scientific hoax with ulterior purposes. It originated back in the 19th century when understanding of thermodynamics was still primitive and atmospheric CO2 levels were low. In 1988 as it was about extinct it was picked up and propagated by the…

via The Big Lie About CO2 — Principia Scientific International

Podcast: Vaccine expert Dr. Paul Offit explains the ‘dos and dont’s’ of battling scientific misinformation — Genetic Literacy Project

via Podcast: Vaccine expert Dr. Paul Offit explains the ‘dos and dont’s’ of battling scientific misinformation — Genetic Literacy Project